Enhanced freezability of goat spermatozoa collected into tubes containing extender supplemented with bovine serum albumin (BSA).
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of semen collection into tubes containing extender supplemented with BSA on the cryosurvival of goat spermatozoa. Semen was collected from two goats into empty tubes or tubes containing 10 ml extender supplemented with 0, 0.1, 1, or 5% BSA, and the washed spermatozoa were frozen as pellets in egg yolk-trehalose extender with the addition of 0.04% SDS and 4% glycerol. Sperm motion parameters were evaluated after post-thawing and during a thermal resistance test. The acrosome status of frozen-thawed spermatozoa was also observed using FITC-PNA staining. In frozen semen that was collected into tubes containing extender supplemented with 5% BSA, the post-thawed spermatozoa exhibited a significant improvement in motion parameters and maintained high motility throughout incubation and acrosome integrity, as compared with semen collected into tubes containing extender supplemented with lower concentrations of BSA. In conclusion, semen collection into tubes with a large volume of extender containing high concentrations of BSA dramatically improves the motility and acrosome integrity of frozen-thawed spermatozoa. This suggests that the in vitro functional freezability of spermatozoa is abruptly modified by reducing contact with seminal plasma and by flash contact with BSA at ejaculation.
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ABSTRACT: In the field of transgenic production, the ability to carry a male's genetic contribution beyond its natural life span is remarkably important. The ability to successfully collect and cryopreserve sperm from the epididymis at necropsy may prove to be a useful technique for preserving valuable genes. Thirty-two bucks ranging in age from 13 days to 7 years were examined in this study and 25 had epididymal sperm extracted at necropsy. Seven bucks yielded clear fluid with no spermatozoa; all were under four months of age. Testes were removed from the scrotal sac, small lateral incisions made across the convoluted tubules, pressure applied to the tail of the epididymis and small droplets of sperm pipetted into equilibrated extender. The average initial analysis of wave motion (0 to 5, 5 being rapid wave motion), live/dead sperm percentage and acrosomal integrity of 25 fresh epididymal samples were 5.0, 92%, and 100%, respectively. By comparison, the same parameters obtained from 206 fresh ejaculated samples were 3.0, 86%, and 95%, respectively. After being cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen, one straw from each sample was thawed after 3 to 60 days of cryostorage. Results of post-thaw analysis of 25 cryopreserved epididymal sperm samples for live/dead percentage and acrosomal integrity were 82% and 84%, respectively. By comparison, results of post-thaw analysis of 206 cryopreserved ejaculated sperm samples for live/dead percentage and acrosomal integrity were 60% and 89%, respectively. To assess the competence of the frozen epididymal sperm, IVF and AI were performed. In parallel IVF experiments, 40% of the oocytes showed cleavage patterns, with 6% developing to the blastocyst stage using frozen epididymal sperm, while 37% of the oocytes showed cleavage patterns and 4% developed into blastocysts using frozen ejaculated sperm. One artificial insemination out of 20 resulted in a pregnancy using frozen epididymal sperm, while 7 of 18 artificial inseminations resulted in a pregnancy using frozen ejaculated sperm. This data documents the successful collection and cryopreservation of epididymal sperm from the goat and its use for in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination.Theriogenology 11/2000; 54(6):899-905. · 2.08 Impact Factor
- Biochemistry 02/1978; 17(2):327-31. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The influence of prolonged storage of boar epididymides on post-thaw sperm motility, and in vitro fertilization was evaluated. Twenty pairs of epididymides were obtained from Large White boars, and spermatozoa from one of each of the pairs were immediately collected and frozen (control group). The remaining epididymides were cooled to 4 degrees C and stored for 1, 2 or 3 d, after which spermatozoa were collected and frozen (experimental groups Day 1, 2 and 3, respectively). Sperm motility was maintained throughout the dilution procedure and then dropped (P < 0.01) after freezing and thawing. During storage the motility of nonfrozen spermatozoa decreased significantly (P < 0.01), reaching a value equal to that of frozen-thawed spermatozoa on Day 3. In vitro fertilization experiments revealed significantly (P < 0.05) lower penetration rates using Day 1, 2 and 3 stored spermatozoa (12, 13 and 2%, respectively) than that of the control group (40%). Oocyte penetration ability seemed to be reflected by acrosome integrity. However, the motility of spermatozoa with the ability to penetrate oocytes in Day 1 and Day 2 groups did not differ from that of the controls. The motility of spermatozoa lacking penetration ability, on the other hand, gradually decreased as the storage period was prolonged. This suggests that the sperm motility and penetration ability are affected by different mechanisms during the cold storage of epididymides. Finally, control and experimental groups exhibited high incidences of monospermic penetration (64 to 90%) and of male pronuclear formation (67 to 71%). These data suggest that cryopreservation of spermatozoa from boar epididymides stored at 4 degrees C for 1 to 2 d can be used for conserving male germ cells when epididymal spermatozoa can not be collected immediately and cryopreserved.Theriogenology 09/1998; 50(4):615-23. · 2.08 Impact Factor