Aflatoxin B-1 contamination of parboiled rice samples collected from different states of India: A multi-centre study

Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mahisūr, Karnataka, India
Food Additives and Contaminants (Impact Factor: 2.13). 04/2006; 23(4):411-4. DOI: 10.1080/02652030500442490
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Under a multi-centre study conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research, 1,511 samples of parboiled rice were collected from rural and urban areas of 11 states representing different geographical regions of India. These samples were analysed for contamination with aflatoxin B(1.) The presence of aflatoxin B(1) at levels=5 microg g(-1) was found in 38.5% of the total number of samples of the parboiled rice. About 17% of the total samples showed the presence of aflatoxin B(1) above the Indian regulatory limit of 30 microg kg(-1). No statistically significant difference in percentage of samples contaminated with >30 microg kg(-1) was observed between pooled rural (19.4%) and urban (14.5%) data. A median value of 15 microg kg(-1) of aflatoxin B(1) was observed in samples from Assam, Bihar and Tripura. In all other states surveyed the median value was <5 microg?kg(-1).

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