Laparoscopic left lateral hepatic lobectomy: a safer and faster technique.

Department of General and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, S.M. Loreto Nuovo Hospital, Naples, Italy.
Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.6). 02/2006; 13(2):149-54. DOI: 10.1007/s00534-005-1023-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Laparoscopy for liver resection is highly specialized field because laparoscopic liver surgery presents severe technical difficulties, such as control of bleeding and risk of gas embolism. At present, a limited number of laparoscopic anatomical left lobectomies have been reported in the literature, but we believe that the use of stapling devices has made this technique safer and faster.
From January 2000 to May 2005, eight patients (five men, three women; mean age, 60.5 years) underwent laparoscopic anatomical left lobectomy at our department. Seven patients presented with hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis, while one patient had a large symptomatic angioma. The average size of the lesions was 4.18 cm (range, 3.6-7.1 cm); all the lesions were localized in the anatomical left lobe (segments II-III). Transection of the liver parenchyma, together with sectioning of the vascular pedicle for segment II and III and of the left hepatic vein, was obtained by the use of stapling devices.
The mean operative time was 142 min (range, 120-180 min). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and blood transfusions were not required. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.75 days.
The key points of the technique are: late mobilization of the liver; no transection of the round ligament; no surrounding or taping of the portal pedicles or of the left hepatic vein; and the use of three consecutive linear staplers, turned to the left for transecting the liver parenchyma and vascular pedicle together. This technique, in our opinion, should be considered a new good option for patients with isolated lesions of the left lateral segments, but it must be performed by surgeons trained in both liver and advanced laparoscopic surgery.

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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to determine whether laparoscopic live donor left lateral sectionectomy (LLS) in paediatric liver transplantation is a feasible, safe and reproducible procedure, compared with open live donor left lateral sectionectomy (OLS). A retrospective review was conducted of all consecutive live donor procedures for paediatric liver transplantation performed between May 2008 and October 2009. All live donor hepatectomies were carried out by a single surgeon. A total of 26 live donor procedures for paediatric liver transplantation were performed, of which 11 were LLS and 11 OLS; four left hepatectomies were excluded. The LLS group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (mean(s.d.) 6·9(0·3) versus 9·8(0·9) days; P = 0·001) and time to oral diet (2·1(0·3) versus 2·7(0·4) days; P = 0·012). Duration of operation, blood loss, warm ischaemia time and out-of-pocket medical costs were comparable between groups. There was no death in either donor group and only one complication, a wound seroma, in the OLS group. LLS seemed to be a safe, feasible and reproducible procedure, and was associated with reduced hospital stay.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Left lateral sectionectomy (LLS) is the most common type of anatomic laparoscopic liver resection performed, accounting for 20 % of all laparoscopic hepatectomies. Because there has been no standardized surgical technique for laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy (LLLS), we offer an established operation: laparoscopically stapled left lateral sectionectomy (LSLLS). Our aim was to perform a case-controlled study of LSLLS with traditional (without vascular staplers) laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy (TLLLS), validating the standardization and reproducibility of LSLLS. METHODS: From February 2009 to December 2011, a total of 49 LSLLSs were performed. The results were compared with 33 cohort-matched TLLLSs from an earlier time period. Ordered sample cluster analysis was used to determine the learning curve of LSLLS based on the operating time and blood loss. RESULTS : All LSLLS were performed successfully. There were no conversions to laparotomy or hand-assisted laparoscopic resection. Two endoscopic linear staplers were used in each case. Despite a higher hospital cost ($10,892 ± $944 vs. $8,962 ± $943, p < 0.05), LSLLS compared favorably with TLLLS regarding operating time (103 ± 21 vs. 151 ± 32 min, p < 0.05) and blood loss (70.8 ± 41.6 vs. 173.3 ± 131.1 ml, p < 0.05). No specific complications related to laparoscopy were observed. Ordered sample cluster analysis demonstrated a learning curve of 18 cases for LSLLS. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the standardization and reproducibility of LSLLS. We therefore propose LSLLS as the standard technique for lesions located in the left lateral section of the liver.
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