Randomized phase II trial of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor COL-3 in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma: An AIDS Malignancy Consortium Study

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 18.43). 03/2006; 24(9):1389-94. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2005.04.2614
Source: PubMed


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor metastasis and are overexpressed in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) cells. In a phase I trial of the MMP inhibitor COL-3 in patients with AIDS-related KS, the drug was well tolerated, KS regression was observed, and MMP-2 levels decreased significantly in responders compared with nonresponders. The aim of this trial was to extend these initial observations.
This was a randomized, parallel-group, phase II study. COL-3 was administered orally once daily at one of two doses (group A received 50 mg and group B received 100 mg) to patients with AIDS-related KS. Antiretroviral therapy was permitted but not required. Serial tumor assessments and plasma levels of MMPs were obtained. Study end points were progressive KS and recurrent dose-limiting toxicity.
Seventy-five patients received COL-3: 37 in group A and 38 in group B. Fifty-seven patients (76%) had received prior KS therapy. Thirty-three patients (44%) had more than 50 KS lesions. The response rate in group A was 41%, which was significantly greater than the prespecified target rate of 20% (95% CI, 25% to 58%; P = .003); the response rate of group B was 29% (P = not significant). There were significant declines in MMP-2 and MMP-9 plasma levels from baseline to minimum value with treatment (MMP-2, P < .001; MMP-9, P = .001). The most common adverse events were photosensitivity and rash.
COL-3, when administered as 50 mg/d, is both active and well tolerated in the treatment of AIDS-related KS. COL-3 is a promising agent for the treatment of this opportunistic neoplasm of AIDS.

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