Article

Siblings after suicide--"the forgotten bereaved".

Center for Crisis Psychology, Bergen, Norway.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior (Impact Factor: 1.4). 01/2006; 35(6):714-24. DOI: 10.1521/suli.2005.35.6.714
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT There is scarce research on "the forgotten bereaved"--the children and adolescents who lose a sibling by suicide. In this paper we explore their psychosocial situation and needs for assistance through a Norwegian nationwide study. The results show that particularly younger bereaved siblings are suffering from posttraumatic and grief reactions, depression, and anxiety. Most of the difficulties are not individual, but rather relational and social in nature, and largely contextually dependent. Necessary help is impeded due to the extraordinary experience leaving the siblings outside the circle of friends and parental grief community. A systematic outreach help program is presented.

1 Bookmark
 · 
107 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over 33,000 people die from suicide each year in the United States, leaving nearly 200,000 family members grieving. Much has been written about suicide loss and grieving, yet not about the sibling survivors of suicide, called the “forgotten mourners.” This qualitative study of in-depth interviews with 45 sibling survivors of suicide extends the literature on uncertainty management and grief by investigating multiple ways in which sibling survivors of suicide experience uncertainty and loss, and the management responses that result.
    Journal of Family Communication 10/2013; 13(4):321-339. DOI:10.1080/15267431.2013.823431
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The adverse impact of first episode psychosis (FEP) upon parents' quality of life (QoL) has been well documented. However, the determinants and levels of QoL remain poorly understood in siblings of young people experiencing FEP. This study aimed to characterise and establish the predictors of QoL for siblings of young people with FEP. Survey methodology was used to examine the experience of 157 siblings in the first 18 months of their brother or sister's treatment for FEP. The World Health Organisation Quality of Life Scale-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref) was used to assess siblings' QoL. A series of multivariate regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationships between illness characteristics and siblings' QoL. Younger sisters reported the lowest satisfaction of QoL. Older brothers were the most satisfied. When the young person with FEP had attempted suicide and/or had been physically violent, siblings reported less satisfaction in all domains of QoL. Living with the ill brother or sister resulted in less satisfaction in the social domain. Multivariate analysis showed that female gender was a significant factor in explaining the impact of illness-related variables on QoL, particularly suicide attempts. Suicide attempts and a history of violence impacted negatively on all four domains of QoL. Female siblings are at higher risk of reduced QoL and may be particularly vulnerable to the effects of suicide attempts and violence. These findings have significant implications for early, targeted interventions for this vulnerable group.
    Social Psychiatry 01/2014; 49(7). DOI:10.1007/s00127-013-0817-5 · 2.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the aftermath of suicide, grief becomes a multi-faceted experience. Traditionally, this grief was silenced where the shame attached to suicide invalidated a person's need for expression. Even now, it can be difficult for people to fully articulate their grief, let alone find an empathetic audience. How do we examine this grief to more clearly hear the voices of the bereaved, and to better understand how to support those who are grieving a suicide death? Indeed, the ripple of suicide grief touches more than those traditionally considered to be impacted by the death. Whole communities can be affected and it cannot be presumed that researchers do not have their own lived experiences of suicide bereavement. In this way, the newly-opened discourse around the experience of suicide grief needs to be dissected within more practical and appropriate research. A balance needs to be created in research where the voices of grief can be included but the experiential context understood and respected.
    OMEGA--Journal of Death and Dying 12/2013; 68(2):111-21. DOI:10.2190/OM.68.2.b · 0.44 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
34 Downloads
Available from
Dec 6, 2014