Comparative efficacy and safety of a once-daily dosage of hypericum extract STW3-VI and citalopram in patients with moderate depression: A double-blind, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled study
ABSTRACT The objective of this double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, multicentre clinical study was to demonstrate the non-inferiority and safety of the hypericum extract STW3-VI in a once-daily dosage regime in the treatment of moderate depression. During the 6-week treatment phase, the course of depression was documented by use of HAMD (items 1-17), the von Zerssen's Adjective Mood Scale (BfS) and the CGI scales. The primary objective of this 3-arm design study was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of hypericum extract STW3-VI (900 mg) to the SSRI citalopram (20 mg) and superiority of hypericum over placebo.
Outpatients (N = 388) suffering from moderate depression were enrolled. The safety and tolerability of hypericum extract in comparison to citalopram and placebo was investigated on the basis of CGI, the occurrence of adverse events and the investigation of laboratory parameters and vital signs.
From almost identical baseline values of 21.9 +/- 1.2 points (hypericum extract), 21.8 +/- 1.2 points (citalopram) and 22.0 +/- 1.2 points (placebo), the HAMD score was reduced to 10.3 +/- 6.4 (hypericum extract), 10.3 +/- 6.4 (citalopram) and 13.0 +/- 6.9 (placebo), respectively. Based on this data, the statistical significant therapeutic equivalence of hypericum extract STW3-VI to citalopram (p < 0.0001) and the superiority of this hypericum extract over placebo (p < 0.0001) was demonstrated. At the end of treatment 54.2 % (hypericum extract), 55.9 % (citalopram) and 39.2 % (placebo) of the patients were assessed as therapy responders. The secondary efficacy parameters, change in BfS, CGI and amount of therapy responders showed that the hypericum group was not statistically different from the citalopram group, and significantly superior to the placebo group. Significantly more adverse events with "certain", "probable" or "possible" relation to study medication were documented in the citalopram group (hypericum: 17.2 %, citalopram: 53.2 %, placebo: 30 %). In most cases, the investigators assessed the tolerability of hypericum extract, citalopram and placebo as "good" or "very good".
The non-inferiority of hypericum extract as compared to citalopram and the superiority of both active compounds to placebo were demonstrated, as well as a better safety and tolerability of hypericum extract in comparison to citalopram. These results revealed that hypericum extract STW3-VI is a good alternative to chemically defined antidepressants in the treatment of outpatients with moderate depression.
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ABSTRACT: The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel (Panel) has issued an amended safety assessment of 7 Hypericum perforatum-derived ingredients as used in cosmetics. A common name for this plant is St John wort. These ingredients function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents-miscellaneous and antimicrobial agents. The Panel reviewed relevant animal and human data related to the H perforatum-derived ingredients. Because formulators may use more than 1 botanical ingredient in a formulation, caution was urged to avoid levels of toxicological concern for constituent chemicals and impurities. The Panel concluded that H perforatum-derived ingredients were safe as cosmetic ingredients in the practices of use and concentration as described in this safety assessment.International Journal of Toxicology 09/2014; 33(3 Suppl):5S-23S. DOI:10.1177/1091581814533354 · 1.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author's institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: http://www.elsevier.com/copyrightPediatric Clinics of North America, Edited by Rosen and Riley, 01/2007; Elsevier.
Pediatric Clinics of North America 01/2007; · 2.20 Impact Factor