Article

Total arterial revascularization is safe: Multicenter ten-year analysis of 71,470 coronary procedures

Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
The Annals of thoracic surgery (Impact Factor: 3.65). 04/2006; 81(4):1243-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.12.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess the use of arterial revascularization and to compare the in-hospital mortality with other CABG grafting strategies.
A total of 71,470 CABG patients (1992-2001) in 27 centers in the United Kingdom were studied. The proportion of patients with arterial revascularization was compared. In-hospital mortality was compared for various grafting strategies: all-arterial (n = 5,401), all non-all-arterial patients (n = 66,069), one artery any number of veins (n = 49,801). The groups were compared for in-hospital mortality using multivariate logistic regression to assess the independent effect of the grafting strategies on mortality; logistic EuroSCORE-predicted mortality was compared to actual mortality, and all arterial and one artery and veins patients were compared with propensity score analysis.
There was a significant increase in the proportion of all-arterial patients over time (3.2% to 11.7%, p < 0.001) with evidence of variability across centers. Crude mortality for all-arterial patients was 2% vs 3% for all non-all-arterial patients (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, all-arterial was associated with a slight but insignificant increase in in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 1.13; [95% confidence interval {CI} 0.86-1.48], p = 0.36). There was a trend toward higher mortality in the all-arterial group when compared with the one artery and veins group (OR 1.19 [95% CI 0.91-1.56], p = 0.10). The one artery and veins group was the only group where actual mortality was significantly lower than predicted by EuroSCORE (p < 0.001). In propensity analysis the mortality was 1.51% for one artery and veins and 1.74% of all-arterial patients (p = 0.56).
The use of arterial grafting has increased over time, varies by center, and appears to be safe in terms of in-hospital mortality.

0 Followers
 · 
82 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Graft patency determines prognosis in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Numerous reports over the past 20 years have documented superior patencies and prognosis when multiple arterial grafts are used, yet less than 10% of CABG have multiple arterial grafts. Several conduits have been proposed, with varying degrees of success. Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) begin to fail with intimal hypertrophy and then atheroma after 5 years, with patency rates of 50% to 60% at 10 years, and <30% at 15 years. In contrast, left internal thoracic artery (LITA) patency is >95% at 10 years and >90% at 20 years. The radial artery is extremely versatile and can reach all territories, but is muscular and vulnerable to spasm and competitive flow. Similarly, the right gastroepiploic artery is also muscular, and is best suited to the posterior descending coronary artery, especially in reoperations and is also affected by competitive flow. In addition, bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting (BITA) grafts and total arterial revascularization (TACR) can be performed with identical perioperative mortality (1%) and perioperative morbidity to LITA + SVG. Importantly, survival is superior-85% to 90% at 10 years versus 75% to 80% respectively. BITA/TACR patients also suffer fewer late cardiac events and reoperations, with superior results for older patients, those requiring urgent surgery, diabetics, patients with renal dysfunction and in reoperations. Contraindications to BITA include obesity, insulin dependent diabetics, and severe chronic obstructive airways disease. As such, arterial grafts have better patencies and clinical results. BITA/TACR is often underutilized, but can be achieved in the majority of patients. Opportunities exist to enhance BITA/TACR use in CABG to the potential benefit of our patients.
    07/2013; 2(4):499-506. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2225-319X.2013.07.02
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Despite its potential advantages, the right internal thoracic artery (RITA) is used as a conduit in only 4% of coronary revascularizations. To broaden its application, we frequently use the RITA as a free graft. In this study, we review our experience with the RITA as an in situ and free graft.Methods We reviewed the perioperative outcomes and angiographic patency rates of 479 consecutive patients who underwent RITA grafting between January 1987 and December 2011.ResultsThe RITA was harvested free (FRITA) in 380 patients (79%) and in situ in 99 (21%). The predominant target for the in situ RITA was the right coronary system (79%). The predominant targets for the FRITA were divided between the right (54%) and left coronary systems (46%). There was no perioperative mortality. Mean follow-up was 10 years. Perioperative complications included myocardial infarction (0.4%), sternal nonunions (0.4%), and reoperation for hemorrhage (0.6%). Coronary angiograms were performed in symptomatic patients (17%) after a median of seven years. FRITA patency rates at five, 10, and 15 years were 100%, 95%, and 95%, respectively, comparable to the left internal thoracic artery patency rates and superior to those of saphenous vein graft. Survival rates of FRITA patients at 10, 15, and 20 years were 92%, 89%, and 76%, respectively.Conclusion The FRITA graft reaches all distal coronary vessels and is associated with excellent patency and survival rates. Its application in coronary revascularization vastly expands the benefits of internal thoracic artery grafting.
    Journal of Cardiac Surgery 07/2014; 29(5). DOI:10.1111/jocs.12396 · 0.89 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
0 Downloads