Article

Personal health habits of American cardiologists

Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
The American Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 04/2006; 97(7):1093-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.10.057
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study surveyed all cardiologists in a large coalition of cardiology groups. A 1-page, 25-item anonymous questionnaire containing 3 sections (demographics, medical history, and current medications and supplements) was used. Data from returned questionnaires were analyzed and compared with those in national databases. Eight hundred surveys were sent, and complete data were available for analysis on 471 (59%). The average age of the participants was 48.6 years; 7.1% were women. The average body mass index (BMI) was 25 kg/m(2), and 8% were obese (BMI > or =30 kg/m(2)); 1.3% were active smokers; 89% exercised > or =1 time/week; and 72% had > or =1 alcoholic drink/week. Red wine was the most frequently consumed alcoholic beverage. Associated cardiovascular risks included dyslipidemia (28%), hypertension (14%), and diabetes mellitus (0.6%). Four percent had experienced coronary events. Compared with matched cohorts from the United States (US) population, cardiologists reported lower rates of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus, and the rates of smoking and obesity were 1/18 and 1/3 those of the US population, respectively. Aspirin and statins were each taken daily by about 1/3 of the participants. A cardiologist with dyslipidemia was 5 times as likely to be treated and a cardiologist with hypertension was almost twice as likely to be treated as an American adult man with either of these disorders, respectively. In conclusion, cardiologists appear to follow healthier lifestyles than the general adult US population.

0 Followers
 · 
75 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Patients often consider health professionals to be role models for leading a healthy lifestyle but no data is available on tobacco, alcohol, or substance use among GPs in Flanders (northern Belgium). Aim To estimate the prevalence of smoking, alcohol, and substance use among GPs, in order to determine factors that influence these habits and to elucidate GPs' attitudes toward a healthy lifestyle. Design and setting Online survey-based study in Flanders, Belgium. Method Sociodemographic data and individual risk behaviour were collected by an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. GPs and family doctors in training were sent an email request between 1 April and 31 May 2011. Results Of 626 responders, 57% were male. The mean age was 45 years. Eight per cent (n = 50) were current smokers. Independent risk factors for smoking were: working alone, hazardous alcohol consumption, and smoking cannabis. Fourteen per cent (n = 86) consumed alcohol daily and 12% (n = 73) admitted at least one episode of binge drinking per month. Being male, cigarette smoking, cannabis use, and long working hours were associated with an increased likelihood of hazardous drinking. Sixteen per cent (n = 101) had used sleeping pills and 12% (n = 72) had used minor opiates as painkillers in the year before the study. Two-thirds (64%, n = 399) of GPs said they would be reluctant to seek medical help if they were misusing drugs or alcohol. Conclusion Smoking is uncommon in Flemish GPs; in contrast, alcohol consumption is high. GPs who misuse substances will not seek help readily.
    British Journal of General Practice 10/2014; 64(627):e664-9. DOI:10.3399/bjgp14X681853 · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiologists' cardiovascular profile and lifestyle habits are poorly known worldwide. To offer a snapshot of the personal health habits of Italian cardiologists, the Survey on Cardiac Risk Profile and Lifestyle Habits in a Cohort of Italian Cardiologists (SOCRATES) was undertaken. A Web-based electronic self-reported survey, accessible through a dedicated Web site, was used for data entry, and data were transferred through the Web to a central database. The survey was divided into 4 sections: baseline characteristics, medical illnesses and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyle habits, and selected medication use. The e-mail databases of 3 national scientific societies were used to survey a large and representative sample of Italian cardiologists. During the 3-month period of the survey, 1,770 of the 5,240 cardiologists contacted (33.7%) completed and returned ≥1 sections of the questionnaire. More than 49% of the participants had 1 of the 5 classic risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, active smoking, diabetes, and previous vascular events). More than 28% of respondents had 2 to 5 risk factors, and only 22.1% had none and therefore, according to age and gender, could be considered at low to intermediate risk. Despite the reported risk factors, >90% of cardiologists had a self-reported risk perception quantified as mild, such as low or intermediate. Furthermore, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, and stress at work or at home were commonly reported, as well as limited use of cardiovascular drugs, such as statins or aspirin. In conclusion, the average cardiovascular profile of Italian cardiologist is unlikely to be considered ideal or even favorable according to recent statements and guidelines regarding cardiovascular risk.
    The American journal of cardiology 04/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.03.020 · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors explore how physicians perceive their own health and barriers to healthcare, as well as what might motivate their behavior. This qualitative study uses semi-structured interviews of a purposive sampling of physicians, both staff and housestaff, from Walter Reed Army Medical Center and the Medical College of Wisconsin. Transcripts of interviews that probed attitudes and behaviors towards self-care were coded independently by two reviewers using grounded theory qualitative methods. The authors conducted 28 interviews until no new themes emerged. Common barriers to healthcare included inadequate time, fear of consequences, and concern about confidentiality, particularly for stigmatizing diseases identified as mental health problems, chronic pain, substance abuse, and sexual dysfunction. Common behaviors included neglecting one's health, minimizing symptoms, self-diagnosing, and a strong desire not to burden colleagues. Participants were split into those who felt it was fine to self-medicate and others who avoided it. Participants proposed solutions for identified problems, including building time into schedules for self-care, monitoring electronic medical record access to make providers accountable, obtaining care at other institutions, and working to change the culture around healthcare for physicians. All participants in this study perceived significant unresolved issues pertaining to self-care. Physicians commonly neglect their own care and experience barriers to care, some self-generated and some systems based. The results and suggested interventions provide fodder for future research.
    Academic Psychiatry 01/2014; 38(1). DOI:10.1007/s40596-013-0014-6 · 0.81 Impact Factor