Personal health habits of American cardiologists

Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.
The American Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 04/2006; 97(7):1093-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.10.057
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study surveyed all cardiologists in a large coalition of cardiology groups. A 1-page, 25-item anonymous questionnaire containing 3 sections (demographics, medical history, and current medications and supplements) was used. Data from returned questionnaires were analyzed and compared with those in national databases. Eight hundred surveys were sent, and complete data were available for analysis on 471 (59%). The average age of the participants was 48.6 years; 7.1% were women. The average body mass index (BMI) was 25 kg/m(2), and 8% were obese (BMI > or =30 kg/m(2)); 1.3% were active smokers; 89% exercised > or =1 time/week; and 72% had > or =1 alcoholic drink/week. Red wine was the most frequently consumed alcoholic beverage. Associated cardiovascular risks included dyslipidemia (28%), hypertension (14%), and diabetes mellitus (0.6%). Four percent had experienced coronary events. Compared with matched cohorts from the United States (US) population, cardiologists reported lower rates of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus, and the rates of smoking and obesity were 1/18 and 1/3 those of the US population, respectively. Aspirin and statins were each taken daily by about 1/3 of the participants. A cardiologist with dyslipidemia was 5 times as likely to be treated and a cardiologist with hypertension was almost twice as likely to be treated as an American adult man with either of these disorders, respectively. In conclusion, cardiologists appear to follow healthier lifestyles than the general adult US population.

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    • "The 37.1% response rate is equivalent to the 33.6% rate during the 1993 French survey [15], but lower than the 50.5% response rate obtained in a Dutch survey [16] and the 59% rate in an American survey [17]. We cannot exclude selection bias, with greater participation by physicians who are more interested in this topic. "
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    ABSTRACT: While cardiologists are very active in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, their attitudes towards patients' smoking habits are poorly studied. In a nationwide French survey, we assessed cardiologists' levels of knowledge and management of smoking cessation. We sent out a questionnaire to a random sample of 1000 cardiologists. A total of 371cardiologists agreed to participate in the survey; 8.1% were current smokers and 32.4% were past smokers. Most classified smoking cessation as the top priority for patients with coronary artery disease (56.5%) and peripheral arterial disease (88.5%). Cardiologists routinely assessed active and passive smoking in 96.2% and 43% of their patients, respectively. Only 29.2% considered themselves well informed about smoking-cessation management. While 39.9% declared they knew about the minimal counselling 7.3% described it correctly. Only 17.5% used the Fagerström questionnaire. Smoking cessation was advised systematically by 85% but only 5.4% of cardiologists followed up their patients specifically on this issue. They referred smokers to either their general practitioner or to smoking-cessation centres and/or quitlines in 16.0% and 67.0% of cases, respectively; 31.8% never referred their patients to a smoking-cessation centre, and 25% declared being unaware of any such centre in their area. Cardiologists who smoked were less likely to ask about patients' smoking status than non-smokers (90% vs 98.2%, p=0.039). Similarly, they were more passive in offering smoking-cessation counselling (23% vs 7%, p=0.011), and referred less frequently their patients to a smoking-cessation centre (37% vs 64%, p=0.028). French cardiologists are rarely involved in the management of smoking cessation. Their own smoking status influences their attitudes towards the management of smoking cessation.
    Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 04/2009; 102(3):193-9. DOI:10.1016/j.acvd.2009.01.005 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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