Studies on quinones. Part 41: synthesis and cytotoxicity of isoquinoline-containing polycyclic quinones.
ABSTRACT In the search for new potentially anticancer drugs, isoquinolinequinone-containing polycyclic compounds have been designed and synthesized through highly regiocontrolled cycloaddition reactions of methyl 1,3-dimethyl-5,8-dioxo-5,8-dihydroisoquinoline-4-carboxylate with polarized 1,3-dienes and a thiazole-o-quinodimethane. The new N-heterocyclic quinones were tested on normal human fibroblasts and four distinct human cancer cell lines. Two of the evaluated compounds displayed significant in vitro activity (IC50: 0.44-5.9 microM) comparable to that of the reference drug etoposide.
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ABSTRACT: A series of new 2-aminonaphthoquinones and related compounds were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as trypanocidal and cytotoxic agents. Some tested compounds inhibited epimastigote growth and trypomastigote viability. Several compounds showed similar or higher activity and selectivity as compared with current trypanocidal drug, nifurtimox. Compound 4l exhibit higher selectivity than nifurtimox against Trypanosoma cruzi in comparison with Vero cells. Some of the synthesized quinones were tested against cancer cells and normal fibroblasts, showing that certain chemical modifications on the naphthoquinone moiety induce and excellent increase the selectivity index of the cytotoxicity (4g and 10). The results presented here show that the anti-T. cruzi activity of 2-aminonaphthoquinones derivatives can be improved by the replacement of the benzene ring by a pyridine moiety. Interestingly, the presence of a chlorine atom at C-3 and a highly lipophilic alkyl group or aromatic ring are newly observed elements that should lead to the discovery of more selective cytotoxic and trypanocidal compounds.Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 07/2014; · 2.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A broad variety of oxygen-substituted diaryl ketones has been synthesized by solar energy-induced Friedel Crafts acylations of 1,4-benzo- and 1,4-naphthoquinones with benzaldehydes. The in vitro antiproliferative properties of the photoproducts were assessed on prostate (DU-145), bladder (T24) and breast (MCF7) human-derived tumor cell lines and compared to non-tumor mouse fibroblasts (Balb/3T3). Among the tested compounds, it was found that those containing a 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl A-ring, such as 12 and 22 are more active on DU-145, with EC50 values of 1.2 and 5.9 μM, respectively. By comparing their effects on the three cancer cell lines, the analogue 22 has the best mean selective index (2.4).Molecules 01/2013; 18(8):9818-32. · 2.10 Impact Factor
- Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry 01/2010; · 0.87 Impact Factor