Impact of nocturia on symptom-specific quality of life among community-dwelling adults aged 40 years and older.

Department of Urology, National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.
Urology (Impact Factor: 2.13). 04/2006; 67(4):713-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2005.10.054
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate factors predicting the effect of nocturia in a community-based cohort of adults using a nocturia-specific quality-of-life (N-QOL) questionnaire.
From October 2004 to February 2005, adults aged 40 years old or older living in Matsu, Taiwan and reporting nocturia of one episode or more per night were interviewed with a 12-item N-QOL questionnaire consisting of Sleep/Energy and Bother/Concern subscales. Univariate analyses were used to analyze the effects of demographic characteristics, frequency and duration of nocturia, and sleeping characteristics on the N-QOL score. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify factors predicting the N-QOL score.
A total of 663 adults completed this study (mean age 59.4 years). The average N-QOL scores (a lower score indicates worse QOL) were 91.4 +/- 11.2, 83.7 +/- 13.2, 77.6 +/- 16.8, and 67.6 +/- 21.2 for nocturia episodes of 1, 2, 3, and 4 or more per night, respectively (P < 0.001). Men reported significantly lower N-QOL (85.6 +/- 15.1 versus 88.9 +/- 13.1, P = 0.003) and Bother/Concern subscale scores (42.0 +/- 8.4 versus 44.0 +/- 7.4, P < 0.001), but not Energy/Sleep subscale scores (43.6 +/- 7.8 versus 44.4 +/- 7.3, P = 0.158) than women. On multiple linear regression analysis, increasing nocturia episodes (regression coefficient -6.2, 95% confidence interval -7.4 to -5.0), male sex (regression coefficient -3.5, 95% confidence interval -5.4 to -1.5), and degree of sleeping disturbance after nocturia (regression coefficient -4.5, 95% confidence interval -5.6 to -3.4) independently predicted a significantly lower N-QOL score.
The results of our study have confirmed that nocturia has a more significant QOL impact when the patient has two or more episodes per night. Moreover, men experienced a greater impact from nocturia than women, particularly in the Bother/Concern domain.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Nocturia is a chronic, fluctuating disease that disrupts sleep and has a wide-ranging impact on quality of life. Valid tools to measure the patient-reported impact of nocturia are essential for evaluating the value of treatment, but the available tools are suboptimal. Objectives This study reports the development and validation of the Nocturia Impact Diary—an augmented form of the Nocturia Quality of Life questionnaire designed to be completed in conjunction with the widely used 3-day voiding diary. Methods The process comprised three steps: Step 1: Development of a concept pool using the Nocturia Quality of Life questionnaire and data from relevant studies; Step 2: Content validity study; Step 3: Psychometric testing of construct validity, reliability, and sensitivity of the diary in a randomized, placebo-controlled study in patients with nocturia. Results Step 1: Fourteen items and 4 domains were included in the first draft of the diary. Step 2: Twenty-three patients with nocturia participated in the cognitive debriefing study. Items were adjusted accordingly, and the content validity was high. Step 3: Fifty-six patients were randomized to desmopressin orally disintegrating tablet or placebo. The diary demonstrated high construct validity, with good sensitivity and a good fit to Rasch model, as well as high internal consistency, discriminatory ability, and acceptable sensitivity to change. Results indicated that the diary was unidimensional. Conclusions The Nocturia Impact Diary is a convenient, validated patient-reported outcome measure. It should be used in conjunction with a voiding diary to capture the real-life consequences of nocturia and its treatment.
    Value in Health 09/2014; 17(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jval.2014.06.007 · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nocturia, awaking from sleep to void, has a negative impact on health and well-being. Nocturia affects men and women and is more prevalent among the elderly. More than two nocturnal voids is considered to be a clinically meaningful threshold associated with significant negative outcomes for health and well-being, and the timing of awakening has a significant bearing on the negative consequences of nocturia. Several serious underlying pathophysiologic conditions may be associated with nocturia. A thorough history and assessment of number and times of voids, void volume, and fluid intake is essential for determining the etiology of a patient's nocturia. With data obtained from the frequency-volume chart (FVC), which is used to collect quantitative voiding data, a patient's nocturia may be classified as global polyuria, nocturnal polyuria, reduced bladder capacity, or a combination of these categories. Global polyuria is defined as 24-hr urinary output that exceeds 40 ml/kg body weight and results in increased 24-hr urinary frequency. Nocturnal polyuria is defined as more than 20% of daily urine output at night in young patients and more than 33% in elderly patients. Reduced bladder capacity may be a result of idiopathic or neurogenic detrusor overactivity, bladder outlet obstruction, or reduced nocturnal bladder capacity. The pathophysiology underlying the findings of the FVC falls into five main categories: global polyuria, nocturnal polyuria, reduced bladder capacity, sleep disorders, and circadian clock disorders. This review discusses the epidemiology, etiology, and pathophysiology of nocturia. Neurourol. Urodynam. 33:S2-S5, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Neurourology and Urodynamics 04/2014; 33(S1):S2-S5. DOI:10.1002/nau.22595 · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sleep disturbances associated with nocturia cause direct, indirect, and intangible costs. Direct costs are primarily associated with injuries from falling. Indirect costs are associated with loss of work productivity. Intangible costs include emotional distress, behavioral modifications, feelings of loss of control, poor mood, and cancellation of planned activities. A study that compared the number of falls for patients with varying numbers of voids per night demonstrated that the incremental risk (population attributable risk [PAR]) of falling as a result of nocturia (≥2 voids compared with ≤1 void) was 16.2%. Using the 16.2% PAR, the annual direct cost of nocturia in the USA was estimated at $1.5 billion. An analysis in the EU-15 countries estimated the total annual cost of hospitalizations for hip fracture due to severe nocturia to be approximately €1 billion. Studies have shown that periods of sick leave are significantly greater in both men and women who have more nocturnal voids, with an estimated annual indirect cost of nocturia of $61 billion in the USA. A similar European analysis showed an estimated annual cost of lost work productivity due to nocturia of €29 billion in the EU-15. The intangible personal costs of nocturia are related to diminished quality of life and overall health status. High-quality articles on the cost of illness associated with nocturia, as well as cost-benefit analyses of nocturia treatment, are generally lacking. Neurourol. Urodynam. 33:S10-S14, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Neurourology and Urodynamics 04/2014; 33(S1):S10-S14. DOI:10.1002/nau.22593 · 2.46 Impact Factor