Requirement of proper occlusal force for morphological maturation of neural components of periodontal Ruffini endings of the rat incisor
Department of Oral Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Archives of Oral Biology
(Impact Factor: 1.74).
09/2006; 51(8):681-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2006.02.006
The present study examined the effect of reduced occlusal force on morphological maturation of periodontal Ruffini endings, primary mechanoreceptors in the periodontal ligament, of the rat incisor. The reduction of occlusal force was induced by grinding the cutting edges of unilateral incisors of the rat from postnatal day 14 (PN14d), when periodontal Ruffini endings are immature. Under normal development, the axon terminals of Ruffini endings gradually ramified with the passage of time, and showed ruffled outlines having numerous dot-like structures around PN28d. When the mechanical stimulation was reduced, appearance of dot-like structures at the axon terminals delayed. Quantitative analysis elucidated that the percentages of immunoreactive areas for protein gene product 9.5, a marker protein of neural elements, at ground side were significantly smaller than those at non-ground side 14 days following the initial grinding. The distribution and morphology of terminal Schwann cells was not apparently affected. The present results indicate that the proper mechanical stimulation to the ligament contributes to the morphological maturation of the periodontal Ruffini endings.
Available from: Akiko Suzuki
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Our recent study revealed an intense immunoreaction for GDNF and its receptors in the Ruffini endings, primary mechanoreceptors in the periodontal ligament, of young rats. However, no information is available for the expression of GDNF and its receptors during their development. The present study aimed to reveal postnatal changes in the immuno-expression of GDNF, GFRalpha1 and RET in the periodontal Ruffini endings of the rat incisors by double immunofluorescent staining. At postnatal day 3 (PO 3d), no structure with GDNF-, GFRalpha1-, or RET-immunoreaction existed in the periodontal ligament. The PGP 9.5-positive nerve fibers without GDNF- and RET-immunoreaction displayed a dendritic fashion at PO 1w, with a GFRalpha1-reaction found around these nerves. At PO 2w, GDNF-positive terminal Schwann cells occurred near the thick and dendritic axons, a part of which showed a RET-reaction, with no reactive cells near the thin nerves. The terminal Schwann cells became positive for GFRalpha1, but lacked RET-immunoreaction. At PO 3w, when the formation of the periodontal Ruffini endings had proceeded, GDNF-positive terminal Schwann cells began to increase in number. This stage-specific immuno-expression pattern suggests that GDNF is a key molecule for the maturation and maintenance of the periodontal Ruffini endings.
Neuroscience Letters 03/2007; 412(3):222-6. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2006.11.012 · 2.03 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The jaw-opening reflex (JOR) plays an important role in the regulation of jaw movement during mastication. Previous study showed that altered masticatory function during growth impedes JOR maturation and thus may affect masticatory performance in adults. However, no studies have compared the benefit of early and delayed correction in terms of functional development. Therefore, this study tested the hypothesis that early-stimulation of masticatory function during growth can promote JOR maturation better than late-stimulation during adulthood. Soon after weaning, 120 female Wistar rats were divided into two groups and fed either solid (control group) or liquid (experimental group) diets. The experimental group was further divided into early-, late-, and non-stimulation subgroups. Early- and late-stimulation groups were fed a solid diet instead of a liquid diet at 5- and 11-week-old, respectively, whereas non-stimulation group was fed only a liquid diet until the end of the experiment. At 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13 weeks, JOR recordings were conducted in anaesthetised rats of all groups. Latency and peak-to-peak amplitude of the JOR were compared between the groups. From 7 to 13 weeks, early-stimulation group showed a JOR with short latency and high amplitude similar to that of control group. In contrast, late- and non-stimulation groups showed significantly longer latency and smaller amplitude of the JOR than in control group. We demonstrated that early masticatory stimulation within the critical period for programming mastication may have greater potential to restore JOR maturation to values close to those in normal adults.
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 09/2012; 39(12). DOI:10.1111/joor.12000 · 1.68 Impact Factor
Available from: Takashi Ono
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nasal obstruction during growth changes craniofacial morphology and function. However, the etiological mechanisms of these changes are unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of nasal obstruction during growth on the maturation of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) using an electrophysiological technique. We focused on the oral sensory receptors that regulate the activities and reflexes of the orofacial muscles.
Sixty 6-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control and experimental groups (n = 30 each). The experimental group underwent unilateral nasal obstruction at 8 days of age. The JOR was evoked by bilateral, low-intensity electrical stimulation of the inferior alveolar nerve. The electromyographic responses were recorded bilaterally from the digastric muscles at 5, 7, and 9 weeks of age.
The latency of the JOR was significantly longer and the peak-to-peak amplitude was significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group at each age, while the duration was not significantly different. Intragroup comparison of the latency, peak-to-peak amplitude, and duration at 5, 7, and 9 weeks of age revealed no significant differences in either the control or experimental groups.
Unilateral nasal obstruction during growth may have significant effects on maturation of craniofacial function.
Archives of oral biology 03/2014; 59(5):530-538. DOI:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2014.02.013 · 1.74 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.