Associations among perceptions of social support, negative affect, and quality of sleep in caregivers and noncaregivers

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.
Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.59). 04/2006; 25(2):220-5. DOI: 10.1037/0278-6133.25.2.220
Source: PubMed


The authors used structural equation modeling to examine associations among perceptions of negative affect, social support, and quality of sleep in a sample of caregivers (n = 175) and noncaregiver control participants (n = 169). The authors hypothesized that caregiver status would be related to sleep quality directly and also indirectly by way of negative affect and social support. This hypothesis was partially supported in that caregiving was found to be indirectly related to sleep quality. However, after accounting for the indirect effects of negative affect and social support, the direct effect of caregiving on sleep quality was no longer statistically significant. The structural model accounted for approximately 43% of the variance in sleep quality. The present findings may be useful in the development of successful sleep interventions for caregivers.

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    • "In one recent study, Zawadzki et al. (2013) found that loneliness was a significant concurrent predictor of both rumination and anxiety among their sample of university students. Among adult workers, perceived support from supervisor, coworkers, and family members were all significantly correlated with lower depressive symptomatology (Nakata et al. 2004), while lower levels of perceived social support were found to predict higher negative affect among a community sample of adults (Brummett et al. 2006). Furthermore, lower levels of perceived social support have been significantly linked to more depressive symptoms, higher levels of stress (Jackson 2006), higher levels of neuroticism and hostility, and lower levels of positive affect (Pressman et al. 2005). "
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    • "Social support has generally been found to be inversely related to depression and anxiety in such parents (Gray & Holden, 1992; Weiss, 2002). Further, in older caregivers of dementia patients poor sleep quality was found to be associated with both social support and negative affect (Brummett et al., 2006). Not only do these studies highlight the existence of different patterns of support between such caregiving parents, but also suggest that sleep quality could vary with levels of social support. "

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    • "el nivel socioeconómico de las mujeres ( menor nivel socioeconómico en las cuidadoras respecto a las no cuidadoras ) . Esta homogeneidad nos hace suponer que ha sido adecuado el sistema usado para conse - guir un grupo control contrabalanceado en características sociode - mográficas con el grupo estudio , estrategia ya usada en otros estu - dios ( Brummet et al . , 2006 ) . El perfil de persona cuidadora en las zonas rurales estudiadas co - rresponde a una mujer , casada , de 55 años , dedicada principalmen - te a las tareas del hogar , nivel socioeconómico medio - bajo y estudios primarios . El claro predominio de mujeres en el grupo de personas cuidadoras ( 84 . 1% ) coincide con los datos de otros e"
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