Associations among perceptions of social support, negative affect, and quality of sleep in caregivers and noncaregivers

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.
Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.59). 04/2006; 25(2):220-5. DOI: 10.1037/0278-6133.25.2.220
Source: PubMed


The authors used structural equation modeling to examine associations among perceptions of negative affect, social support, and quality of sleep in a sample of caregivers (n = 175) and noncaregiver control participants (n = 169). The authors hypothesized that caregiver status would be related to sleep quality directly and also indirectly by way of negative affect and social support. This hypothesis was partially supported in that caregiving was found to be indirectly related to sleep quality. However, after accounting for the indirect effects of negative affect and social support, the direct effect of caregiving on sleep quality was no longer statistically significant. The structural model accounted for approximately 43% of the variance in sleep quality. The present findings may be useful in the development of successful sleep interventions for caregivers.

Download full-text


Available from: Peter P Vitaliano, Oct 08, 2015
148 Reads
  • Source
    • "In one recent study, Zawadzki et al. (2013) found that loneliness was a significant concurrent predictor of both rumination and anxiety among their sample of university students. Among adult workers, perceived support from supervisor, coworkers, and family members were all significantly correlated with lower depressive symptomatology (Nakata et al. 2004), while lower levels of perceived social support were found to predict higher negative affect among a community sample of adults (Brummett et al. 2006). Furthermore, lower levels of perceived social support have been significantly linked to more depressive symptoms, higher levels of stress (Jackson 2006), higher levels of neuroticism and hostility, and lower levels of positive affect (Pressman et al. 2005). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the growing body of research linking sleep problems and social ties, research investigating the direction of effects between these two constructs is lacking. Furthermore, there remains a dearth of research examining the mechanisms that may explain the association between sleep problems and social ties within a longitudinal design. The present 3-year longitudinal study addressed two research questions: (1) Is there a bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties at university? and (2) Does emotion regulation mediate the association between sleep problems and social ties at university? Participants (N = 942, 71.5 % female; M = 19.01 years at Time 1, SD = 0.90) were university students who completed annual assessments of sleep problems, social ties, and emotion regulation, for three consecutive years. Results of path analysis indicated that the bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties was statistically significant (controlling for demographics, sleep-wake inconsistency, sleep duration, and alcohol). Analyses of indirect effects indicated that emotion regulation mediated this link, such that better sleep quality (i.e., less sleep problems) led to more effective emotion regulation, which, subsequently, led to more positive social ties. In addition, more positive social ties led to more effective emotion regulation, which, in turn, led to less sleep problems. The findings highlight the critical role that emotional regulation plays in the link between sleep problems and social ties, and emphasize the need for students as well as university administration to pay close attention to both the sleep and social environment of university students.
    Journal of Youth and Adolescence 02/2014; 44(2). DOI:10.1007/s10964-014-0107-x · 2.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Social support has generally been found to be inversely related to depression and anxiety in such parents (Gray & Holden, 1992; Weiss, 2002). Further, in older caregivers of dementia patients poor sleep quality was found to be associated with both social support and negative affect (Brummett et al., 2006). Not only do these studies highlight the existence of different patterns of support between such caregiving parents, but also suggest that sleep quality could vary with levels of social support. "
  • Source
    • "el nivel socioeconómico de las mujeres ( menor nivel socioeconómico en las cuidadoras respecto a las no cuidadoras ) . Esta homogeneidad nos hace suponer que ha sido adecuado el sistema usado para conse - guir un grupo control contrabalanceado en características sociode - mográficas con el grupo estudio , estrategia ya usada en otros estu - dios ( Brummet et al . , 2006 ) . El perfil de persona cuidadora en las zonas rurales estudiadas co - rresponde a una mujer , casada , de 55 años , dedicada principalmen - te a las tareas del hogar , nivel socioeconómico medio - bajo y estudios primarios . El claro predominio de mujeres en el grupo de personas cuidadoras ( 84 . 1% ) coincide con los datos de otros e"
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this paper are to know the characteristics of caregivers in two rural areas, to know if their health is worse than that of non-caregivers, and to determine the variables related to their perception of the burden. The study uses a non-experimental, observational design, i.e., case vs. control with 88 caregivers and 81 non-caregivers. The following variables were analyzed: sociodemographic, health and psychological well-being characteristics (GHQ 12, HAD-T, HAD-A, HAD-A), social support (Duke-UNC), head scale (Zarit), and Barthel Index. Differences between female caregivers and control group appear in the amount of illnesses, health consultations, psychological distress, anxiety, depression level and perceived social support. The subjective overload for female caregivers was related to the degree of functional incapacity of the person being cared, hours of care and mental health variables. In men it was related to mental health variables. The anxiety and the social support predict 31.8% of the variability of the perceived burden. The results obtained confirm the impact on the health of caregivers.
    Clínica y Salud 01/2013; 24:37-45.
Show more