The REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry: An international, prospective, observational investigation in subjects at risk for atherothrombotic events-study design
ABSTRACT The risk of atherothrombosis is a large health care burden worldwide. With its global prevalence, there is a need to understand all the associated risk factors, both old and new, and their interdependencies in the development of this complex disease leading to myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and vascular death and, thus, the major cause of mortality throughout the world.
The REACH Registry sought to compile an international data set to extend our knowledge of atherothrombotic risk factors and ischemic events in the outpatient setting. The Registry will recruit approximately 68,000 outpatients in 44 countries across 6 major regions (Latin America, North America, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Australia) from >5000 physician outpatient practices. Patients aged > or =45 years with at least 3 atherothrombotic risk factors or documented cerebrovascular, coronary artery, or peripheral arterial disease will be enrolled. Medical history, risk factors, demographic information, and management will be collected at baseline, and clinical events that occur during the follow-up period of up to 2 years in duration will be recorded.
The REACH Registry offers an opportunity to provide a better understanding of the prevalence and clinical consequences of atherothrombosis in the outpatient setting in a wide range of patients from different parts of the world.
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ABSTRACT: Atherothrombosis is a systemic, diffuse disease associated with a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is the main cause of death in Western populations, a major public health concern and its prevalence will further increase in the future. To evaluate the rate of major vascular events at 1 year in French patients with confirmed atherothrombotic disease, recruited in the REACH international registry. The REACH Registry has recruited 55.000 patients in 44 countries, aged at least 45 years and suffering from established atherothrombotic disease (EAD). In France, 713 investigators selected 3.514 patients with EAD between December 2003 and June 2004. Each investigator had to include 5 to 10 patients presenting after a first documented event of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), coronary artery disease (CAD) or lower limb peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD). The patients were followed up for 1 year with collection of major vascular events. Among the 3514 French patients with EAD in the REACH registry, 2.373 (68%) had documented coronary disease, 778 (22%) had an ischemic stroke and 923 (26%) had documented PAD. One quarter of CAD patients, one third of CVD patients and one half of PAD patients had another atherothrombotic disease localization. Follow-up at 1 year was documented for 3.373 patients with EAD. The 1-year event rate in patients who had EAD was a function of the number of atherothrombotic localizations: the vascular death rate was 1.8% if there was a single localization and 4.1% if there were 2 or 3 localizations, and the composite death, infarct and stroke rates were 3.8% and 7.2% respectively and 11.7% and 22.3% respectively if hospitalizations were added to the latter endpoint. The number of major vascular events during the first year is high in EAD patients although these patients were followed up on an outpatient basis and are considered to be stable. In patients with prior EAD, there was a close link between the incidence of major vascular events and the number of symptomatic arterial beds (2 or 3 sites). The risk of a major vascular event was twice as high in patients with polyvascular involvement than in those who only had one affected artery.Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 03/2008; 101(2):81-8. DOI:10.1016/S1875-2136(08)70263-8 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aims: To describe aspirin use in primary and secondary prevention and to determine the incremental costs-effectiveness ratio (ICER) per life year gain (LYG) of aspirin use among subjects with, or at high risk of atherothrombotic disease. Design and Subjects: To project the cost-effectiveness of aspirin over 5 years of follow-up, a Markov state transition model was developed with yearly cycles and the following health states: "Alive" (post-CAD) and "Dead." The model compared current coverage observed among 2361 subjects using the prospective Australian subset of Reduction of Atherothrombosis for continued Health (REACH) registry, and hypothetical situation whereby all subjects assumed to be treated. Costs were calculated based on the Australian government reimbursed data for 2010. Main outcome measures: ICER per LYG for increased use of aspirin. Results: The use of aspirin in current group varied from 67% to 70%. The base-case analysis showed that increasing aspirin use among subjects with existing CAD in outpatient settings was cost saving, while increasing use of aspirin in primary prevention equated to an ICER of AUD 7126 per LYG. Conclusion: Among subjects with existing CAD aspirin use was shown to be a dominant choice of treatment. However, among patients without existing cardiovascular disease (primary prevention), increased uptake of aspirin was cost effective but with uncertain benefit, with two hemorrhagic bleeding events occurring for every life saved.Cardiovascular Therapeutics 07/2011; DOI:10.1111/j.1755-5922.2011.00291.x · 2.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Characteristics of stroke cases, acute stroke care, and outcomes after stroke differ according to geographical and cultural background. To provide epidemiological and clinical data on stroke care in South Korea, we analyzed a prospective multicenter clinical stroke registry, the Clinical Research Center for Stroke-Fifth Division (CRCS-5). Patients were 58% male with a mean age of 67.2±12.9 years and median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of 3 [1-8] points. Over the 6 years of operation, temporal trends were documented including increasing utilization of recanalization treatment with shorter onset-to-arrival delay and decremental length of stay. Acute recanalization treatment was performed in 12.7% of cases with endovascular treatment utilized in 36%, but the proportion of endovascular recanalization varied across centers. Door-to-IV alteplase delay had a median of 45 [33-68] min. The rate of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (HT) was 7%, and that of any HT was 27% among recanalization-treated cases. Early neurological deterioration occurred in 15% of cases and were associated with longer length of stay and poorer 3-month outcomes. The proportion of mRS scores of 0-1 was 42% on discharge, 50% at 3 months, and 55% at 1 year after the index stroke. Recurrent stroke up to 1 year occurred in 4.5% of patients; the rate was higher among older individuals and those with neurologically severe deficits. The above findings will be compared with other Asian and US registry data in this article.