Atmospheric chemistry of N-methyl perfluorobutane sulfonamidoethanol, C4F9SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OH: kinetics and mechanism of reaction with OH.
ABSTRACT Relative rate methods were used to measure the gas-phase reaction of N-methyl perfluorobutane sulfonamidoethanol (NMeFBSE) with OH radicals, giving k(OH + NMeFBSE) = (5.8 +/- 0.8) x 10(-12) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) in 750 Torr of air diluent at 296 K. The atmospheric lifetime of NMeFBSE is determined by reaction with OH radicals and is approximately 2 days. Degradation products were identified by in situ FTIR spectroscopy and offline GC-MS and LC-MS/MS analysis. The primary carbonyl product C4F9SO2N(CH3)CH2CHO, N-methyl perfluorobutane sulfonamide (C4F9SO2NH(CH3)), perfluorobutanoic acid (C3F7C(O)OH), perfluoropropanoic acid (C2F5C(O)OH), trifluoroacetic acid (CF3C(O)OH), carbonyl fluoride (COF2), and perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (C4F9SO3H) were identified as products. A mechanism involving the addition of OH to the sulfone double bond was proposed to explain the production of perfluorobutane sulfonic acid and perfluorinated carboxylic acids in yields of 1 and 10%, respectively. The gas-phase N-dealkylation product, N-methyl perfluorobutane sulfonamide (NMeFBSA), has an atmospheric lifetime (>20 days) which is much longer than that of the parent compound, NMeFBSE. Accordingly,the production of NMeFBSA exposes a mechanism by which NMeFBSE may contribute to the burden of perfluorinated contamination in remote locations despite its relatively short atmospheric lifetime. Using the atmospheric fate of NMeFBSE as a guide, it appears that anthropogenic production of N-methyl perfluorooctane sulfonamidoethanol (NMeFOSE) contributes to the ubiquity of perfluoroalkyl sulfonate and carboxylate compounds in the environment.
SourceAvailable from: Craig S CriddleReproductive Toxicology 07/2012; 33(4):611. DOI:10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.11.069 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Levels of neutral poly-/perfluoroalkyl substances (nPFASs) in air and snow collected from Ny-Ålesund were measured and their air-snow exchange was determined to investigate whether they could re-volatilize into the atmosphere driven by means of air-snow exchange. The total concentration of 12 neutral PFASs ranged from 6.7 to 39 pg m(-3) in air and from 330 to 690 pg L(-1) in snow. A significant log-linear relationship was observed between the gas/particle partition coefficient and vapor pressure of the neutral PFASs. For fluorotelomer alcohol (FTOHs) and fluorotelomer acrylates (FTAs), the air-snow exchange fluxes were positive, indicating net evaporative from snow into air, while net deposition into snow was observed for perfluorooctane sulfonamidoethanols (Me/EtFOSEs) in winter and spring of 2012. The air-snow exchange was snow-phase controlled for FTOHs and FTAs, and controlled by the air-phase for FOSEs. Air-snow exchange may significantly interfere with atmospheric concentrations of neutral PFASs in the Arctic.Scientific Reports 03/2015; 5. DOI:10.1038/srep08912 · 5.08 Impact Factor