FTY720 suppresses CD4(+)CD44(high)CD62L(-) effector memory T cell-mediated colitis
ABSTRACT FTY720, a sphingosine-derived immunomodulator, causes immunosuppression via enhancement of lymphocyte sequestration into secondary lymphoid organs, thereby preventing their antigen-activated T cell egress to sites of inflammation. FTY720 is highly effective in inhibiting autoimmunity in various animal models. However, there is little known about how FTY720 controls the migration property of memory T cells. Here, we demonstrated that FTY720 prevents the development of colitis induced by the adoptive transfer of lamina propria (LP) colitogenic effector memory CD4+ T cells (TEM cells; CD45RB(low)CD44(high)CD62L-) into severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice and suppresses interferon-gamma, interleukin-2, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by LP CD4+ T cells. The numbers of spleen, peripheral blood, mesenteric lymph node, and LP CD4+ T cells in FTY720-treated mice were significantly reduced compared with those in control mice. Notably, LP CD4+ TEM cells as well as splenic CD4+CD45RBhigh T cells expressed several spingosine-1-phosphate receptors that are targets for FTY720. Furthermore, FTY720 also prevented the development of colitis induced by the adoptive transfer of splenic CD4+CD45RBhigh T cells into SCID mice. Collectively, the present data indicate that FTY720 treatment may offer the potential not only to prevent the onset of disease but also to treat memory T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases including inflammatory bowel diseases.
Conference Paper: Two-Wavelength Laser Emission from a Coupled Semiconductor MicrocavityLasers and Electro-optics Europe, 1996. CLEO/Europe., Conference on; 10/1996
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ABSTRACT: Numerous in vitro studies suggest that sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lysosphingolipid associated with high-density lipoproteins, accounts at least partly for the potent antiinflammatory properties of high-density lipoprotein and, thereby, contributes to the antiatherogenic potential attributed to high-density lipoproteins. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether modulation of S1P signaling would affect atherosclerosis in a murine model of disease. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice on a cholesterol-rich diet were given FTY720, a synthetic S1P analogue, at low (0.04 mg/kg per day) or high (0.4 mg/kg per day) doses for 16 weeks. FTY720 dose-dependently reduced atherosclerotic lesion formation, both in the aortic root and brachiocephalic artery, and almost completely blunted necrotic core formation. Plasma lipids remained unchanged during the course of FTY720 treatment. However, FTY720 lowered blood lymphocyte count (at a high dose) and significantly interfered with lymphocyte function, as evidenced by reduced splenocyte proliferation and interferon-gamma levels in plasma. Plasma concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12, and regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted were reduced by FTY720 administration. Moreover, lipopolysaccharide-elicited generation of nitrite/nitrate and IL-6--two markers of classical (M1) macrophage activation--was inhibited, whereas IL-4-induced production of IL-1-receptor antagonist, a marker of alternative (M2) macrophage activation, was augmented in peritoneal macrophages from FTY720-treated low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice. The present results demonstrate that an S1P analogue inhibits atherosclerosis by modulating lymphocyte and macrophage function, and these results are consistent with the notion that S1P contributes to the antiatherogenic potential of high-density lipoprotein.Circulation 02/2007; 115(4):501-8. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.641407 · 14.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Memory T cells are generated following an initial encounter with antigen, persist over the lifetime of an individual, and mediate rapid and robust functional responses upon antigenic recall. While immune memory is generally associated with protective immune response to pathogens, memory T cells can be generated to diverse types of antigens including autoantigens and alloantigens through homologous or crossreactive priming and comprise the majority of circulating T cells during adulthood. Memory T cells can therefore play critical roles in propagating and perpetuating autoimmune disease and in mediating allograft rejection, although the precise pathways for regulation of memory immune responses remain largely undefined. Moreover, evaluating and designing strategies to modulate memory T-cell responses are challenging given the remarkable heterogeneity of memory T cells, with different subsets predominating in lymphoid versus non-lymphoid tissue sites. In this review, we discuss what is presently known regarding the effect of current immunomodulation strategies on the memory T-cell compartment and potential strategies for controlling immunological recall.Clinical Immunology 02/2007; 122(1):1-12. DOI:10.1016/j.clim.2006.06.012 · 3.99 Impact Factor