Polymorphisms within the Tumor Necrosis Factor–α Promoter Region in Patients with HLA-B27–Associated Uveitis
Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Gratz, Styria, Austria Ophthalmology
(Impact Factor: 6.14).
05/2006; 113(4):695-700. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2006.01.004
The existence of genetic variations in a number of cytokines has been considered to influence susceptibility or relate to disease severity in various autoimmune diseases. Among these, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) promoter at nucleotides -308 and -238 are considered to be protective against inflammation in HLA-B27-positive individuals, whereas the SNP at position -857 has been associated with disease development in anterior uveitis. We investigate a hypothesized association between the TNF-alpha -857 C-to-T, -308 G-to-A, and the TNF-alpha -238 G-to-A SNPs and the presence of HLA-B27-associated uveitis.
Retrospective case-control study.
One hundred fourteen Caucasian patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis were studied. Mean age of patients was 44.9+/-14 years (range, 16-81), and mean duration of HLA-B27-associated uveitis was 115.6+/-104 months (range, 6 months-51 years). Eighty-six patients (75.4%) suffered from an additional systemic manifestation of the disease. Sixty-three unrelated healthy HLA-B27-positive blood donors and 88 unrelated healthy HLA-B27-negative individuals served as controls.
Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction.
Association of genotypes at positions -857, -308, and -238 of the TNF-alpha gene with disease development.
Frequencies of the TNF-alpha -308GA and TNF-alpha -238GA genotypes were significantly lower in patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis (6.1% and 0%, respectively) when compared with the HLA-B27-negative control group, 23% at -308 (P = 0.003), and 7.9% at -238 (P = 0.0003). When compared with healthy HLA-B27-positive controls, a significantly lower frequency of the TNF-alpha -238GA genotype was found among patients (6.3%, P = 0.015). The frequency of the TNF-alpha -308GA genotype was also found to be lower in patients than among HLA-B27-positive control subjects, without, however, reaching statistical significance (6.1%, P = 0.07). No difference in frequencies was seen among the different groups for the SNPs at position -857.
Our data suggest that HLA-B27-positive individuals show a higher susceptibility towards development of an intraocular inflammation in the presence of an A allele at nucleotide -238 and, to a lesser degree, at nucleotide -308 of the TNF-alpha gene promoter.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.