Cationic liposomes in mixed didodecyldimethylammonium bromide and dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide aqueous dispersions studied by differential scanning calorimetry, Nile Red fluorescence, and turbidity.

Physics Department, São Paulo State University, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.
Langmuir (Impact Factor: 4.38). 05/2006; 22(8):3579-85. DOI: 10.1021/la053238f
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The thermotropic phase behavior of cationic liposomes in mixtures of two of the most investigated liposome-forming double-chain lipids, dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) and didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB), was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), turbidity, and Nile Red fluorescence. The dispersions were investigated at 1.0 mM total surfactant concentration and varying DODAB and DDAB concentrations. The gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperatures (Tm) of neat DDAB and DODAB in aqueous dispersions are around 16 and 43 degrees C, respectively, and we aim to investigate the Tm behavior for mixtures of these cationic lipids. Overall, DDAB reduces the Tm of DODAB, the transition temperature depending on the DDAB content, but the Tm of DDAB is roughly independent of the DODAB concentration. Both DSC and fluorescence measurements show that, within the mixture, at room temperature (ca. 22 degrees C), the DDAB-rich liposomes are in the liquid-crystalline state, whereas the DODAB-rich liposomes are in the gel state. DSC results point to a higher affinity of DDAB for DODAB liposomes than the reverse, resulting in two populations of mixed DDAB/DODAB liposomes with distinctive phase behavior. Fluorescence measurements also show that the presence of a small amount of DODAB in DDAB-rich liposomes causes a pronounced effect in Nile Red emission, due to the increase in liposome size, as inferred from turbidity results.

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    ABSTRACT: The miscibility of anhydrous cationic surfactant dodecylpyridinium chloride (DPC) and hexadecylpyridinium bromide (cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB)) mixtures has been studied by using them as stationary phases in Inverse Gas Chromatography (IGC). The temperature zone of work was determined by IGC and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) techniques. Values of the interaction parameter between the surfactants obtained at four different compositions and at four temperatures showed that the miscibility depends on the overall composition and suggested that the interactions are more favorable near the center of the composition range. Results are compared with other anhydrous cationic surfactant mixtures studied by IGC, the system didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) and dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB), two twin-tailed surfactants, and are interpreted in terms of the structure of the anhydrous lamellar liquid crystals compared with that of aqueous lamellar mesophases.
    03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0260-1
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    ABSTRACT: The structure of a DNA-dimethyldidodecylammonium bromide (DDAB) film was recently described to undergo a distinctive transition in response to the water content in the surrounding environment. The existence, preparation, and basic properties of DNA-surfactant films have been known in the literature for some time. Here, we describe the structural response of DNA-DDAB films to environmental changes, particularly temperature and humidity, in greater detail revealing new structural states. We can direct the lamellar structure of the film into three distinct states--double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) paired with an interdigitated bilayer of DDAB (bDDAB), single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) with monolayer of DDAB (mDDAB), and ssDNA with bDDAB. Both temperature and humidity cause the molecules composing the lamellar structure to change reversibly from ssDNA to dsDNA and/or from mDDAB to bDDAB. We found that the structural transition from dsDNA to ssDNA and bDDAB to mDDAB is concerted and follows apparent first-order kinetics. We also found that the double-stranded conformation of DNA in the film can be stabilized with the inclusion of cholesterol even while the DDAB in the film is able to form either a monolayer or bilayer depending on the environmental conditions. Films treated with ethidium bromide prompt switching of dsDNA to ssDNA before bDDAB transitions to mDDAB. Swelling experiments have determined that there is a direct proportionality between the macroscopic increase in volume and the nanoscopic increase in lamellar spacing when a film is allowed to swell in water. Finally, experiments with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) indicate that the films can disassemble in a simulated biological environment due to screening of their charges by buffer salt. We conclude that the structure of DNA in the film depends on the water content (as measured by the relative humidity) and temperature of the environment, while the state of DDAB depends essentially only on the water content. The structure of the film is quite flexible and can be altered by changing environmental conditions as well as the chemical ingredients. These films will have useful, new applications as responsive materials, for example, in drug and gene delivery.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 05/2010; 132(20):7025-37. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    01/2012: pages 245-272; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0792-7


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