Article

Prevalence of spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus in neonates at a birth weight of 1000 grams or less

Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.
PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.3). 05/2006; 117(4):1113-21. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-1528
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ductus arteriosus (DA) closure occurs within 96 hours in >95% of neonates >1500 g in birth weight (BW). The prevalence and postnatal age of spontaneous ductal closure in neonates < or =1000 g in BW (extremely low birth weight [ELBW] neonates) remain unclear, as does the incidence of failure to close with indomethacin. Therefore, we prospectively examined the prevalence, postnatal age, and clinical variables associated with spontaneous DA closure, occurrence of persistent patent DA, and indomethacin failure in ELBW neonates.
Neonates delivered at Parkland Memorial Hospital from February 2001 through December 2003 were studied. Those with congenital heart defects or death <10 days postnatally were excluded. Echocardiograms were performed 48 to 72 hours postnatal and every 48 hours until 10 days postnatally.
We studied 122 neonates with BW of 794 +/- 118 (SD) g and estimated gestational age (EGA) of 26 +/- 2 weeks. Spontaneous permanent DA closure occurred in 42 (34%) neonates at 4.3 +/- 2 days postnatally, with 100% closure by 8 days. These neonates were more mature, less likely to have received antenatal steroids or have hyaline membrane disease (HMD; 52% vs 79%), and more likely to be growth restricted (31% vs 5%) and delivered of hypertensive women. Using regression analysis, EGA and absence of antenatal steroids and HMD predicted ductal closure. Ten (8%) neonates with early DA closure reopened and required medical/surgical closure. Eighty neonates had persistent patent DA; 7 were surgically ligated, and 5 remained asymptomatic, with 4 of 5 closing after 10 days postnatally. Sixty-eight (85%) received indomethacin at 6.2 +/- 4 days postnatally; 41% failed therapy and had no distinguishing characteristics.
Spontaneous permanent DA closure occurs in >34% of ELBW neonates and is predicted by variables related to maturation, for example, EGA and an absence of HMD, whereas indomethacin failure could not be predicated.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Charles Richard Rosenfeld, Jul 14, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
110 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are few published reports concerning the efficacy of oral ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Oral ibuprofen was compared to intravenous indomethacin regarding efficacy and safety in the treatment of PDA in infants weighting less than 1,000g at birth. This was a retrospective study in a single center. Data on ELBW infants who had an echocardiographically confirmed PDA were collected. The infants were treated with either intravenous indomethacin or oral ibuprofen. Rate of ductal closure, need for additional treatment, drug-related side effects or complications, and mortality were compared between the two treatment groups. 26 infants who received indomethacin and 22 infants who received ibuprofen were studied. The overall rate of ductal closure was similar between the two treatments: it occurred in 23 of 26 infants (88.5%) treated with indomethacin, and in 18 of 22 infants (81.8%) treated with ibuprofen (p=0.40). The rate of surgical ligation (11.5% versus 18.2%; p=0.40) did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups. No significant difference was found in post-treatment serum creatinine concentrations between the two groups. There were no significant differences regarding additional side effects or complications. In ELBW infants, oral ibuprofen is as efficacious as intravenous indomethacin for the treatment of PDA. There were no differences between the two drugs with respect to safety. Oral ibuprofen could be used as an alternative agent for the treatment of PDA in ELBW infants.
    Jornal de pediatria 02/2013; 89(1):33-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jped.2013.02.006 · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Successful transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life involves significant physiologic changes. The majority of these changes occur relatively quickly during those first moments following delivery; however, transition for the extremely preterm infant occurs over a longer period of time. Careful assessment and perceptive interventions on the part of neonatal care providers is essential as the extremely preterm infant adjusts to life outside the womb. This article will focus on respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and neurologic transitional events experienced by the extremely premature infant.
    The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing 28(2):144-149. DOI:10.1097/JPN.0000000000000025 · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A self-organizing neural network with a neighborhood in a high-dimensional space is introduced. A convergence result for its learning algorithm is given. This result is not only valid for the network with a high-dimensional lattice neighborhood but also for the one with the neighborhood on a two-dimensional hexagon array
    Neural Networks, 1992. IJCNN., International Joint Conference on; 07/1992