Decade of experience with vascular rings at a single institution.
ABSTRACT Over the past decade, the diagnostic workup of vascular rings has changed at our institution. Despite surgical intervention, we have observed long-term aerodigestive issues in some patients. In an effort to better characterize these pre- and postoperative issues, we reviewed a decade of experience at our institution.
We performed a complete chart review of all patients identified as having surgical intervention for vascular ring between January 1993 and December 2003. A questionnaire was mailed to the family of each patient to ascertain a subjective assessment of long-term postoperative issues.
Thirty-eight patients were reviewed and categorized as to specific arch anomaly. Associated cardiac anomalies were present in 29% of patients. Chronic feeding difficulties persisted in 18% of patients, and airway issues remained in nearly half of the patients. Patients with underlying genetic syndromes had less resolution of symptoms compared with nonsyndromic children. Chronic respiratory symptoms were present in 80% of patients operated <6 months, 15% if operated between 6 months and 3 years, and 42% of patients operated after 3 years of age.
Aerodigestive issues may persist after vascular ring division despite initial improvement. Accurate preoperative anatomic imaging is imperative to surgical planning.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the aortic arch and the most common variations of congenital aortic arch anomalies using low-radiation-dose, defined as a dose-length product of 7-15 mGy × cm, MDCT angiography. CONCLUSION: Radiologists should be prepared to fully describe congenital aortic arch anomalies; recognize them on CT angiography, especially the presence or absence of vascular rings or aberrant arteries; and explain their association with the trachea and esophagus.American Journal of Roentgenology 05/2012; 198(5):W466-74. · 2.78 Impact Factor
Article: Early lung function testing in infants with aortic arch anomalies identifies patients at risk for airway obstruction.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aortic arch anomalies (AAA) are rare cardio-vascular anomalies. Right-sided and double-sided aortic arch anomalies (RAAA, DAAA) are distinguished, both may cause airway obstructions. We studied the degree of airway obstruction in infants with AAA by neonatal lung function testing (LFT). 17 patients (10 RAAA and 7 DAAA) with prenatal diagnosis of AAA were investigated. The median (range) post conception age at LFT was 40.3 (36.6-44.1) weeks, median body weight 3400 (2320-4665) g. Measurements included tidal breathing flow-volume loops (TBFVL), airway resistance (R(aw)) by bodyplethysmography and the maximal expiratory flow at functional residual capacity (V'(max)FRC) by rapid thoracic-abdominal compression (RTC) technique. V'(max)FRC was also expressed in Z-scores, based on published gender-, age and height-specific reference values. Abnormal lung function tests were seen in both RAAA and DAAA infants. Compared to RAAA infants, infants with DAAA had significantly more expiratory flow limitations in the TBFVL, (86% vs. 30%, p<0.05) and a significantly increased R(aw) (p = 0.015). Despite a significant correlation between R(aw) and the Z-score of V'(max)FRC (r = 0.740, p<0.001), there were no statistically significant differences in V'(max)FRC and it's Z-scores between RAAA and DAAA infants. 4 (24%) infants (2 RAAA, 2 DAAA) were near or below the 10(th) percentile of V'(max)FRC, indicating a high risk for airway obstruction. Both, infants with RAAA and DAAA, are at risk for airway obstruction and early LFT helps to identify and to monitor these infants. This may support the decision for therapeutic interventions before clinical symptoms arise.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(9):e24903. · 4.09 Impact Factor