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Seroprevalence and molecular epidemiology of human T-Cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 in blood donors from Dakar, Senegal.

Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Département Ecosytèmes et Epidémiologie des Maladies Infectieuses, Batiment Lwoff, Institut Pasteur, 25-28 Rue du Dr. Roux, 75724 Paris, Cedex 15, France.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 4.23). 05/2006; 44(4):1550-4. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.44.4.1550-1554.2006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In 2002, human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 seroprevalence was 0.16% (8/4,900) in blood donors from Dakar, Senegal. Most of the positive donors originated from the country's southern region. Seven donors were infected by HTLV-1 (of cosmopolitan subtype), and one was infected by HTLV-2. These data highlight the problem of transfusion safety in this area where HTLV-1-associated lymphoproliferative and neurological diseases are endemic.

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