Fruit and vegetable consumption of older Mexican-American women is associated with their acculturation level.
ABSTRACT Little is known about the association between acculturation and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among older Mexican-American (MA) women. Environmental and lifestyles changes experienced by immigrants to the United States may markedly affect their diet and health and increase their risk for chronic diseases. Our objectives were to: 1) describe FV consumption by ethnicity, acculturation, and sociodemographic characteristics, and 2) compare effects of acculturation and sociodemographic variables on FV intake in a population of older MA and non-Hispanic White (NHW) women from the Well-Integrat-ed Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN) Study. This report examines baseline FV intake of 346 underinsured women aged 50-76 years, assessed through 24-hour dietary recalls. Acculturation was measured with a five-item Likert-type scale. Twenty percent of more acculturated MA women, 24% of less acculturated MA women, and 36% of White women consumed > or = 5 servings of FV servings per day. Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was associated with acculturation, education, and smoking status. Being more acculturated was associated with lower consumption of FVs among MAs, while having a higher education and no smoking was associated with higher intakes of FV servings among NHWs. Public health efforts to improve the intake of FVs among MA women should be sensitive to their acculturation status.
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ABSTRACT: The pilot study was conducted to test the appropriateness of a nutri-tion and food security survey and estimate the prevalence of food security and its relationship with dietary intake habits among So-mali refugees (n = 35) resettled in the United States. The other main objective was to estimate the association between accultura-tion and dietary intake habits. The interviews with the Somali moth-ers indicated that 72% of households were food insecure and, in comparison, the intake of fruits and green leafy vegetables was sig-nificantly lower among the food insecure households than among secure households (p < .05). Both of the acculturation indicators used in this survey, living in the United States for four years or more and having English language proficiency, were associated with a high intake of snack items among participants. Future studies ex-amining the influence of food security and acculturation on health outcomes such as body weight are warranted among refugees in the United States. KEYWORDS acculturation, dietary intake, food insecurity, refugees, Somali Appreciation goes to the Somali health workers for their support and contributions to the survey planning and development. This study was supported by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), as part of SNAP nutrition education (SNAP-Ed) in the Maine SNAP-Ed Plan FY2007.Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 02/2011; 9:82-97. DOI:10.1080/15562948.2011.547827
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ABSTRACT: We examined adherence to dietary recommendations on fruit/vegetable and fat intake and identified correlates with acculturation indicators as well as with family, lifestyle, and occupational factors in a farm worker cohort in central California. Interviewer-administered questionnaires for this cross-sectional study were completed from January 2006 to April 2007. Participants were 18- to 55-y-old Latinos living in Mendota in a farm worker household. We assessed fruit/vegetable consumption and fat intake using the Block Fruit/Vegetable/Fiber Screener and the Block Dietary Fat Screener, respectively. Survey data analysis methods for contingency tables and logistic regression were used for assessing associations. The sample included 802 participants, reporting mean fruit and vegetable intake (± SD) of 5.0 ± 1.5 daily servings, and 47% reporting <5 daily servings. Being born in Mexico or Central America and longer United States residency were associated with higher odds of consuming ≥5 daily fruit/vegetable servings and more frequent consumption of field products while working was associated with lower adherence to this recommendation. The average daily percent of calories from fat was 35.0 ± 4.1% and 53% of participants consumed >35% of daily calories from fat. Men born in Mexico, women born in Central America, and participants who worked in fruit or vegetable crops had higher odds of consuming ≤35% of calories from fat. Higher acculturation level, United States school attendance, and having a child at home were associated with lower adherence to this recommendation. Acculturation, family, and occupational correlates of diet quality were identified in this underserved, immigrant population. Our findings may assist program targeting and intervention efforts.Journal of Nutrition 07/2013; 143(9). DOI:10.3945/jn.113.177667 · 4.23 Impact Factor