Article

Cytokeratin-positive subserosal myofibroblasts in gastroduodenal ulcer; another type of myofibroblasts.

Department of Pathology, Program of Bioregulation and Genetics, Kochi Medical School, Kochi, Japan.
Histology and histopathology (Impact Factor: 2.24). 08/2006; 21(7):697-704.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the distribution and origin of alpha-smooth muscle actin (ASMA)-positive stromal cells in the perforation of human gastroduodenal ulcers. Perforative lesions of 24 surgically resected gastroduodenal ulcers were examined immunohistochemically for ASMA, HCD, CD34, CD31, CAM5.2 and HMW-CK, and double staining of ASMA and CAM5.2 was also performed. In addition, to determine the cell source of collagen, in situ hybridization of collagen I mRNA was performed. In the normal gastroduodenal wall, the reticular network of CD34-positive stromal cells was identified in the muscularis mucosa, submucosa, muscular propria, and subserosa. In the subepithelial area, many myofibroblasts were observed, whereas no CD34-positive stromal cells were seen. In areas neighboring ulcerative lesions, no CD34-positive stromal cells were observed, but a significant number of myofibroblasts were present there. In the deep layer of ulceration, numerous fusiform or stellate stromal cells strongly positive for ASMA and CAM5.2 were observed in the subserosal area around the perforation. In the same site, many cells co-expressing ASMA and CAM5.2 were identified by double staining. In contrast, in the surface layer of ulceration, stromal cells expressing only ASMA were observed. The cytokeratin-positive subserosal myofibroblastic cell in human gastroduodenal ulcer is a novel type of myofibroblast.

0 Followers
 · 
126 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe 17 cases of distinct benign pseudomalignant mesothelial proliferations, involving the spermatic cord. All cases revealed necrosis. The areas adjacent to the necrotic tissue comprised a cellular spindle cell proliferation with a haphazard arrangement of the myofibroblasts that in many areas revealed transitions into plump oval epithelioid cells and into cells with genuine epithelial appearances arranged in linear cords and often luminized into small microcysts. These epithelial cells formed isolated groups with glandular structures arising on the myofibroblastic background. Glandular structures were often situated deeply in the stroma of the spermatic cords. All cellular elements were strongly positive with AE1/AE3 antibody. All myofibroblasts stained with SM-actin antibody. Ultrastructurally, the spindle cells displayed features of myofibroblasts including actin microfilaments, as did the plump epithelioid cells that, additionally, had desmosomes, and the cords of the epithelial cells including those forming glandular structures had characteristics of mesothelias including the characteristic microvilli.
    International Journal of Surgical Pathology 02/2008; 16(1):48-56. DOI:10.1177/1066896907307235 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oral cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis. This study examined the behaviour of fibroblast strains from normal oral mucosa, dysplastic epithelial tissue, and genetically stable (minimal copy number alterations-CNA; minimal loss of heterozygosity-LOH; wild-type p53; wild-type p16INK4A) and unstable (extensive CNA and LOH; inactivation of p53 and p16INK4A) oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Fibroblasts from genetically unstable OSCC relative to the other fibroblast subtypes grew more slowly and stimulated the invasion of a non-tumourigenic keratinocyte cell line into fibroblast-rich collagen gels. To understand these findings, genome-wide transcriptional profiles were generated using the GeneChip(®) cDNA whole transcript microarray platform. Principal component analysis showed that the fibroblasts could be distinguished according to the stage of tumour development. Tumour progression was associated with down-regulation of cell cycle- and cytokinesis-related genes and up-regulation of genes encoding transmembrane proteins including cell adhesion molecules. Gene expression was validated in independent fibroblast strains using qRT-PCR. Gene connectivity and interactome-transcriptome associations were determined using a systems biology approach to interrogate the gene expression data. Clusters of gene signatures were identified that characterized genetically unstable and stable OSCCs relative to each other and to fibroblasts from normal oral mucosa. The expression of highly connected genes associated with unstable OSCCs, including those that encode α-SMA and the integrin α6, correlated with poor patient prognosis in an independent dataset of head and neck cancer. The results of this study demonstrate that fibroblasts from unstable OSCCs represent a phenotypically distinguishable subset that plays a major role in oral cancer biology.
    The Journal of Pathology 03/2011; 223(4):459-69. DOI:10.1002/path.2841 · 7.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The continuous reformation and rapid repair of the colonic mucosa is essential for avoiding the aggregation of pernicious mutations induced by bacterial, toxic, or mitogenic factors. Gut-associated lymphoid tissue is supposed to play a central role in the organization of the repair mechanisms. In inflammatory conditions, the number, the diameter and the density of isolated lymphoid follicles (ILFs) are increasing. They are involved not just in immune surveillance, but their presence is also indispensable in normal mucosal regeneration of the colon. The relation of ILFs to the components of mucosal renewal such as bone marrow derived stem cells, follicular dendritic cells, subepithelial myofibroblasts or crypt formation has not been directly studied, and data about their putative organizer role are scattered in scientific literature. Whether they act as a regenerative pool containing stem cells in case of mucosal damage, or they are responsible only for the optimal cytokine milieu for the differentiation of immigrating stem cells is a question under debate. Our aim is to review the relation of ILFs to the different elements of colonic mucosal repair.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 07/2009; 16(1):11-8. DOI:10.1007/s12253-009-9181-x · 1.81 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from