Comparison of compression plate and flexible intramedullary nail fixation in pediatric femoral shaft fractures.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the results of compression plating and flexible intramedullary nailing for pediatric femoral shaft fractures. Thirty-eight consecutive patients with 40 femoral shaft fractures were evaluated. Twenty-two femoral segments were treated with a compression plate and 18 femoral segments were treated with flexible intramedullary nailing. The time to healing, operation time and complications were evaluated. The average operation time was statistically significantly shorter in the nailing group (P=0.039). Four implant failures occurred in the compression plate group whereas one non-union was observed in the flexible nailing group. Flexible intramedullary nailing seems to provide a high union rate with a shorter operation time when compared with plate fixation.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of standard intramedullary Kirschner wires (K-wires) for the treatment of femoral shaft fracture in children. We report the results of intramedullary K-wires nailing in 178 children with a mean age of 7.7 years (range, 4-14 years) from 2000 to 2005, retrospectively. A total of 184 diaphyseal femoral fractures were treated with both antegrade and retrograde nailing using the same principles of elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN). The patients were followed for 12 months on average (range, 6-24 months). No major complication (limb length discrepancy >15 mm, non-union, avascular necrosis, knee joint stiffness) occurred during the observation period. All fractures healed within 7.1 weeks on average (range, 5-12 weeks). Associated injuries were seen in 16.9% of the cases. All but seven fractures were reduced by closed manipulation. Early mobilization and weight bearing was allowed. Intramedullary K-wires were removed after an average of 4.8 months (range, 3-12 months) without any complications. In children, intramedullary fixation by using standard K-wires provides effective treatment for the diaphyseal femoral fracture that has excellent clinical results. Each intramedullary K-wire costs US $5, which adds a cost effective advantage to this method of treatment.Journal of Children s Orthopaedics 12/2007; 1(5):277-80.
Article: Malunion following flexible intramedullary nails for tibial and femoral fractures in adolescents.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Flexible intramedullary nails (FIN) are increasingly used in the management of paediatric tibial and femoral fractures. Concerns have recently been raised regarding the use of FIN in older children. The aim of this study was to determine how effective FIN is in treating tibial and femoral fractures in adolescents. Patients aged 11 years or older undergoing FIN for tibial and femoral fractures between 2003 and 2009 were identified. Radiographs and case notes were reviewed to identify complications. Thirty-five consecutive adolescent patients underwent FIN for tibial (n = 21) and femoral fractures (n = 15), with a mean age of 12.9 years. The mean radiographic follow up was 29 weeks. Sixty percent (60%, n = 9) and 38% (n = 9) of femoral and tibial fractures, respectively, malunited. Fracture severity was associated with increased malunion for both tibial and femoral fractures (P = 0.046 and P = 0.044, respectively). Two femoral fractures took longer than 20 weeks to unite and seven tibial fractures took longer than 16 weeks to unite. The higher than expected rates of malunion and delayed union in this study suggest that other treatments should be considered when treating adolescents with unstable tibial or femoral fractures.Journal of Children s Orthopaedics 12/2010; 4(6):571-7.