Prognostic significance of residual breast disease and axillary node involvement for patients who had primary induction chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer
ABSTRACT We performed this study to determine the prognostic significance of clinical tumor size, pathologic measurement of residual tumor, and number of positive axillary nodes in the surgical specimen relative to overall survival for patients who underwent primary induction chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer.
Data, collected prospectively between 1997 and 2002, included clinical tumor-node-metastasis stage, age at diagnosis, hormone receptor status, type of preoperative chemotherapy, histological type, surgical procedure, pathologic measurement in centimeters of residual breast tumor, and the number of positive axillary nodes in the surgical specimen. Univariable correlates of residual breast disease were assessed by using the chi2 test. Recursive partitioning analysis was used to determine the prognostic significance of clinical tumor size, residual tumor size, and pathologic node involvement relative to overall survival. Survival was estimated by using the method of Kaplan and Meier and compared by using the log-rank test. A P value of <.05 was considered significant.
Data were available for 85 patients with advanced breast cancer. Although univariable analysis identified increasing age, clinically involved axillary nodes, and a higher clinical tumor-node-metastasis stage as predictors of an increased risk of residual disease, recursive partitioning analysis identified more than three involved axillary nodes in the surgical specimen, with or without any measurable residual breast disease, as the most significant predictor of decreased survival (P<.001).
Pathologic axillary node involvement was the most significant predictor of decreased survival for patients who had undergone primary induction chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Changes to TNM staging criteria for breast cancer, introduced in 2003, have resulted in stage re-classification for some tumors. The most frequently implemented change has resulted in tumors associated with more than three positive axillary nodes being upstaged. We hypothesize these TNM staging changes would result in more TNM Stage IIB, IIIA, and IIIB tumors and that disease-specific survival estimates would change under the new staging system. A review of data was completed for patients diagnosed with breast cancer between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2000. Tumors that would have been staged differently under the 2003 system were identified and re-classified. Clinical outcomes were determined and disease-specific survival estimates were compared relative to TNM Stage using the old and new staging systems. Data were analyzed using the log-rank test and the method of Kaplan and Meier was used to generate survival curves. Data were available for 2492 tumors, of which 919 were candidates for re-classification, including 829 old Stage II, 59 old Stage III, and 31 old Stage IV. Of these 919, 159 (17%) underwent stage re-classification using the new system. Separate survival estimates for patients who had been under old stage IIA/B, IIIA/B were generated; patients upstaged from IIA or IIB demonstrated a significant difference in survival. Stage specific survival curves indicated decreased survival for patients whose tumors had been upstaged from IIA or IIB under the old system; survival for all other patients remained unchanged.Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2007; 14(1):143-7. DOI:10.1245/s10434-006-9147-0 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A previously published prospective randomized phase 3 trial showed that administration of 24 weeks of primary systemic chemotherapy (PST) with paclitaxel and FEC(75) (fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide) concurrently with trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive primary breast cancer resulted in a 60% pathologic complete response rate (PCR) with no associated severe cardiac toxicity. The purpose of this study was to review the efficacy and safety of a similar regimen outside the setting of a clinical trial. Patients with HER2-positive breast cancer (defined as either immunohistochemical 3+ or fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive) that had received 24 weeks of neoadjuvant trastuzumab concurrently with taxane and anthracycline-based chemotherapy between 2004 and 2006 were included in the analysis. PST chemotherapy consisted of paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2)) weekly for 12 weeks followed by 4 cycles of FEC(75) (500 mg/m(2), 75 mg/m(2), and 500 mg/m(2), respectively). Forty patients were identified. The median age was 48 years (range, 29-81). In all, 60% of patients had stage III disease and 4 had inflammatory breast cancer. The PCR rate was 55% (95% confidence interval [CI], 38.5%-70.7%). At a median follow-up of 19 months. 5 patients had a recurrence, of which 4 did not achieve a PCR. No severe cardiac events were observed. Stage II and III HER2-positive breast cancer patients achieved a high rate of PCR with trastuzumab given concurrently with paclitaxel and FEC(75) chemotherapy. No severe cardiac events were observed with the regimen. The data concur with the results of a previously published trial.Cancer 09/2007; 110(6):1195-200. DOI:10.1002/cncr.22895 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant treatment of breast cancer has become established as the safe and often effective therapeutic approach of choice for larger primary and for locally advanced breast cancer. The neoadjuvant approach offers the advantages of downstaging the disease, potentially reducing the extent of surgery and in an era of individualization of therapy, testing the efficacy of therapy administered to patients. The preoperative setting is also an effective way to study the activity of novel agents or therapeutic combinations in vivo against human breast cancer. For new therapies, preoperative trials avoid the issue of adaptive resistance and pretreatments that can be problematic in the advanced disease setting. For evidence of a drug targeting the cancer in vivo, comparisons of endocrine therapy, chemotherapy agents and/or targeted agents can provide data on activity and efficacy with a much shorter time frame and many fewer patients than for adjuvant trials; effects seen in neoadjuvant trials may even reflect what is found in the adjuvant setting. Patient benefits from the neoadjuvant approach may be greatest for those who experience complete pathologically documented response (and the consequent survival benefits) and women for whom breast conservation, rather than mastectomy, becomes possible.Annals of Oncology 09/2012; 23 Suppl 10:x231-x236. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mds324 · 6.58 Impact Factor