Nationwide survey on acute heart failure in cardiology ward services in Italy.
ABSTRACT Chronic heart failure (HF) is recognized as an important public health problem but little attention has been focused on acute-stage HF.
Nationwide, prospective, observational study setting 206 cardiology centres with intensive cardiac care units. During 3 months, 2807 patients diagnosed as having de novo acute HF (44%) or worsening chronic HF (56%) were enrolled. Acute pulmonary oedema was the presenting clinical feature in 49.6% of patients, cardiogenic shock in 7.7%, and worsened NYHA functional class in 42.7% of cases. Anaemia (Hb<12 g/dL) was present in 46% of patients, renal dysfunction (creatinine > or =1.5 mg%) in 47%, and hyponatraemia (< or =136 mEq/L) in 45%. An ejection fraction (EF)>40% was found in 34% of cases. Intravenous diuretics, nitrates, and inotropes were given to 95, 51, and 25% of patients, respectively. The median duration of hospital stay was 9 days. In-hospital mortality rate was 7.3%. Older age, use of inotropic drugs, elevated troponin, hyponatraemia, anaemia, and elevated blood urea nitrogen were independent predictors of all-cause death; prior revascularization procedures and elevated blood pressure were indicators of a better outcome. The rehospitalization rate within 6 months was 38.1%, all-cause mortality from discharge to 6 months was 12.8%.
Acute HF is an ominous condition, needing more research activity and resources.
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ABSTRACT: The effect of previous long-term hypertension on mortality in acute heart failure (HF), regardless of blood pressure values, has not been well studied. Acute Heart Failure Database (AHEAD) - Czech HF registry enrolled 4153 consecutive patients with acute HF. We excluded severe forms (cardiogenic shock, pulmonary oedema, right HF) and analysed 2421 patients with known presence or absence of previous hypertension. Demographic, clinical and laboratory profile, treatment and mortality rates were assessed and predictors of outcome were identified. Patients with previous hypertension (71.5%) were older, more of female gender, with worse pre-hospitalisation NYHA class, increased incidence of co-morbidities and higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Although in-hospital mortality was similar in both cohorts (2.6%), survival at 1, 2 and 3-year was worse in the hypertensive group (75.6%, 65.9% and 58.7% vs. 80.7%, 74.2% and 69.8%; P<0.001). Nevertheless, hypertension was not associated with mortality in multivariate analysis and stronger predictors of outcome were identified (P<0.05): new-onset acute HF [hazard ratio (HR) 0.62] and increased body mass index (HR 0.68) proved to have a protective role. Advanced age (HR 1.86), diabetes (HR 1.45), lower LVEF (HR 1.28) and admission blood pressure (HR 1.54), elevated serum creatinine (HR 1.63), hyponatremia (HR 1.77) and anaemia (HR 1.40) were associated with worse survival. Antecedent hypertension is frequent in patients with acute HF and contributes to organ and vascular impairment. However its presence has no independent influence on short- and medium-term mortality, which is influenced by other related co-morbidities.European Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2011; 22(6):591-6. · 2.30 Impact Factor
Article: [Heart failure].[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article discusses the most important developments in heart failure reported during the last year. It contains a review of new findings on chronic heart failure, acute heart failure, cardiac resynchronization therapy, heart transplantation, with particular emphasis on the situation in Spain, and surgery in heart failure. In addition, the article describes progress in the treatment of anemia, vasopressin receptor antagonists, non-invasive ventilation, inotropic therapy, and resynchronization therapy in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation, and examines the current role of echocardiography in detecting asynchrony and in selecting patients.Revista Espa de Cardiologia 03/2008; 61 Suppl 1:48-57. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present review analyses the mechanisms relating heart failure and hyponatremia, describes the association of hyponatremia with the progress of disease and morbidity/mortality in heart failure patients and presents treatment options focusing on the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP)-receptor antagonists. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in the clinical setting and in hospitalized patients. Patients with hyponatremia may have neurologic symptoms since low sodium concentration produces brain edema, but the rapid correction of hyponatremia is also associated with major neurologic complications. Patients with heart failure often develop hyponatremia owing to the activation of many neurohormonal systems leading to decrease of sodium levels. A large number of clinical studies have associated hyponatremia with increased morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized for heart failure or outpatients with chronic heart failure. Treatment options for hyponatremia in heart failure, such as water restriction or the use of hypertonic saline with loop diuretics, have limited efficacy. AVP-receptor antagonists increase sodium levels effectively and their use seems promising in patients with hyponatremia. However, the effects of AVP-receptor antagonists on hard outcomes in patients with heart failure and hyponatremia have not been thoroughly examined.World Journal of Cardiology (WJC) 09/2013; 5(9):317-328.