Development of biological filter as tertiary treatment for effective nitrogen removal: Biological filter for tertiary treatment.
ABSTRACT A biological filtration process applicable to tertiary treatment of sewage for effective nitrogen removal was developed. It consisted of a nitrification filter (Filter 1) and/or a polishing filter with anoxic and oxic parts (Filter 2). A pilot plant set at a municipal sewage treatment plant was operated for 525 d with feed of real sewage. The maximum apparent nitrification rate in Filter 1 in winter was 0.54 kg N/m3- filter-bed d. In Filter 2, the maximum denitrification capacity was 4 kg N/m3 filter-bed d) in winter. SS was stably removed and high transparency water was obtained. The target water quality (SS, BOD, and T-N5 mg/L) was accomplished in winter with the LV of 202 m/d in Filter 2, which corresponds to 0.24 h of HRT. These results proved that this process is compact, stable, convenient to install, and cost effective to build and operate as tertiary treatment to remove nitrogen effectively.
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ABSTRACT: A pre-coagulation and bio-filtration process for advanced treatment of sewage was developed and experimentally discussed with a pilot plant. The bio-filtration unit consists of a denitrification filter, a nitrification filter with side stream to the denitrification filter, and a polishing filter with anoxic and aerobic parts. Concentrations of SS, T-COD(Cr), T-carbonaceous BOD, T-N and T-P in the effluent were stably kept at less than 3, 20, 5mg/L, 2mg N/L and 0.2mg P/L, respectively, and transparency at higher than 100 cm, under total hydraulic retention time of 3.2h in the bio-filtration parts (filter-bed). ORP in an anoxic tank before a nitrification tank should be at a low level of less than -120 mV to keep remaining NO(-)(x) - N less than 1mg N/L, but must be maintained at a level higher than -150 mV. The maximum nitrogen-loading rate under a water temperature of 18 degrees C should be less than 0.25 kg N/(m(3)-filter-bed.d). Concentrations of microorganisms kept in the reactors were as high as 4000-5000 mg COD/L-filter-bed. Denitrification activity of 0.4 or 0.7 kg N/(m(3)-filter-bed.d), and nitrification activity of 0.3 kg N/(m(3)-filter-bed.d) were obtained, respectively, under a water temperature of about 18 degrees C. Backwashing in each tank as well as methanol addition and aeration in the polishing filter were operated successfully by the automatic control systems. These results proved that this process is applicable to advanced treatment of sewage with easy maintenance.Water Research 11/2003; 37(17):4259-69. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Sjölunda wastewater treatment plant in Malmö Sweden will have to comply with future effluent standards of less than 10 mg BOD7/1, 8 mg N/1 and 0.3 mg P/1. The upgrading scheme for enhanced nutrient removal will be based on a site-specific concept where a tertiary treatment step for post-denitrification will be required. An interesting process in this respect is the moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). The number of practical experiences with this type of process is however still limited. In this paper the results from a pilot plant test are presented. The primary aim of the experiment was to demonstrate the MBBR process as part of an overall concept for nutrient removal at the Sjölunda WWTP. Two different carbon sources, ethanol and methanol were tested. In addition the effect of low phosphate concentrations on the process performance was investigated.Water Science and Technology. 01/1998; 38(1):31-38.
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ABSTRACT: The Chesapeake Bay Agreement of 1987 calls for an overall reduction in nutrient loading of forty percent of 1985 levels by the year 2000. Signatories to the agreement include the states located in the Bay's watershed and the District of Columbia. The District's 16.2 m3/sec (370 mgd) Blue Plains Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant is the single, largest point source of nitrogen load to the Bay, discharging approximately 18 metric tons per day. In an effort toward meeting the nitrogen reduction goal, a post-denitrification demonstration study was recently begun to access its potential for long-term implementation.The denitrification demonstration project involves operating half of the nitrification facilities in a nitrification-denitrification mode using methanol as a carbon source for post-denitrification. The other half continues operation in a nitrification-only mode as a control. The post-denitrification process was selected for demonstration because it utilizes existing facilities and may offer substantial long-term cost savings. Objectives of the study are to demonstrate the process without a negative impact on effluent quality, to verify performance and capacity, to determine the stability and limitations of the project, and to compare the process to other nitrogen-removal technologies.Thus far, the process has been successful in removing nitrogen despite problems with phosphorus limitation and with the settling characteristics of the denitrification sludge. It is believed that insufficient phosphorus availability has been responsible for problems associated with settling, sludge yield, methanol use, and denitrification rates. Recently, phosphorus input to the denitrification process has been increased by reducing metal salt addition in upstream processes and preliminary results have been promising. If performance criteria are achieved without sacrificing plant capacity, the process will be continued at full scale.Water Science and Technology - WATER SCI TECHNOL. 01/1998; 38(1):79-86.