A modified reconstruction method to prevent critical complications after pancreatoduodenectomy.
ABSTRACT A new method of reconstructing the pancreatic stump after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is necessary to improve the postoperative mortality rate. Thus, we modified the pancreatoenteric procedure to reduce anastomotic leakage from the pancreatic stump after PD, and we conducted a study to evaluate the usefulness of the new procedure on the basis of patients' postoperative condition.
We compared the postoperative condition of 21 patients who underwent PD with the new separated loop (SL) reconstruction (6 men, 11 women; mean age, 67.7+/-7.2 years) to that of 31 patients (12 men, 19 women; mean age, 66.8+/-10.3 years) who underwent PD with pancreatogastrostomy (PG). In the SL reconstruction procedure, the proximal jejunum is brought up behind the colon, and an end-to-side choledochojejunostomy is made with a single layer of interrupted sutures. Approximately 20cm of the jejunum is fitted with a fixed stomach tube for postoperative enteral feeding, and the cut proximal jejunum is positioned next to the pancreatic stump. A pancreatic tube is inserted into the lumen of the pancreatic duct and fixed without closing the pancreatic duct. Pancreatojejunostomy is achieved as an end-to-end anastomosis with the pancreatic stump telescoping into the proximal jejunum. Approximately 20cm of the jejunum is anastomosed side-to-end to the stomach, and end-to-side jejunojejunostomy is made to complete a Y-type reconstruction. Each patient's postoperative condition was also assessed on the basis of serum albumin (ALB), cholinesterase and total cholesterol (T-CHO) levels on postoperative days (PODs) 14 and 28.
A high level of amylase in drainage fluid was noted in two (6.5%) and delayed gastric emptying in four (12.9%) of the patients in the PG group. There were no complications in the SL group. Postoperative levels of ALB on POD 14 and T-CHO on POD 28 were significantly higher than in the PG group.
The SL method is safe and does not induce complications after PD. Our results indicate that this method may provide a favored outcome.