Expression of potassium channel isoforms mRNA in normal human adrenals and aldosterone-secreting adenomas.

Department of Internal Medicine, Polytechnical University of Marche, Ancona, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
Journal of endocrinological investigation (Impact Factor: 1.65). 03/2006; 29(2):147-53. DOI: 10.1007/BF03344088
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Increased aldosterone secretion has been found in a mouse lacking the KCNE1 gene which codes for a regulatory protein of the KCNQ1 gene product, forming the channel for the outward rectifying delayed K+ current. Abnormalities in proteins regulating the K+ fluxes across membranes may be responsible for aldosterone-secreting adenomas (aldosteronomas) also because K+ channels are involved in cell growth. Normal and adenomatous adrenal samples and NCI-H295 cell line were used to: a) evaluate KCNE1 and KCNQ1 gene expression, b) sequence the full length cDNAs of KCNE1 and both KCNQ1 isoforms. These differently spliced KCNE1 and KCNQ1 mRNAs were expressed in adrenal tissue. In contrast, KCNQ1 isoform 2 mRNA was not expressed in kidney control tissues and NCl-H295 cell line. NCI-H295 cell line also had a significantly lower expression of KCNQ1 isoform 1 mRNA than normal adrenals and aldosteronomas. We did not find any somatic mutations in the coding sequences of both genes. This different expression pattern of KCNQ1 isoforms in NCI-H295 cell line with the lack of the mRNA for the dominant-negative KCNQ1 isoform 2 supports the involvement of voltage-gated K+ channel in cell proliferation.

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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid hormones T3/T4 participate in the fine tuning of development and performance. The formation of thyroid hormones requires the accumulation of I(-) by the electrogenic Na(+)/I(-) symporter, which depends on the electrochemical gradient across the cell membrane and thus on K(+) channel activity. The present paper explored whether Kcnq1, a widely expressed voltage-gated K(+) channel, participates in the regulation of thyroid function. To this end, Kcnq1 expression was determined by RT-PCR, confocal microscopy, and thyroid function analyzed in Kcnq1 deficient mice (Kcnq1 ( -/- )) and their wild-type littermates (Kcnq1 ( +/+ )). Moreover, Kcnq1 abundance and current were determined in the thyroid FRTL-5 cell line. Furthermore, mRNA encoding KCNQ1 and the subunits KCNE1-5 were discovered in human thyroid tissue. According to patch-clamp TSH (10 mUnits/ml) induced a voltage-gated K(+) current in FRTL-5 cells, which was inhibited by the Kcnq inhibitor chromanol (10 μM). Despite a tendency of TSH plasma concentrations to be higher in Kcnq1 ( -/- ) than in Kcnq1 ( +/+ ) mice, the T3 and T4 plasma concentrations were significantly smaller in Kcnq1 ( -/- ) than in Kcnq1 ( +/+ ) mice. Moreover, body temperature was significantly lower in Kcnq1 ( -/- ) than in Kcnq1 ( +/+ ) mice. In conclusion, Kcnq1 is required for proper function of thyroid glands.
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