Stabilization of β-catenin impacts pancreas growth

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States
Development (Impact Factor: 6.27). 06/2006; 133(10):2023-32. DOI: 10.1242/dev.02366
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A recent study has shown that deletion of beta-catenin within the pancreatic epithelium results in a loss of pancreas mass. Here, we show that ectopic stabilization of beta-catenin within mouse pancreatic epithelium can have divergent effects on both organ formation and growth. Robust stabilization of beta-catenin during early organogenesis drives changes in hedgehog and Fgf10 signaling and induces a loss of Pdx1 expression in early pancreatic progenitor cells. Together, these perturbations in early pancreatic specification culminate in a severe reduction of pancreas mass and postnatal lethality. By contrast, inducing the stabilized form of beta-catenin at a later time point in pancreas development causes enhanced proliferation that results in a dramatic increase in pancreas organ size. Taken together, these data suggest a previously unappreciated temporal/spatial role for beta-catenin signaling in the regulation of pancreas organ growth.

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