Article

Antonovsky`s SOC scale and the relation with health: A systematic review

Folkhälsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Programme, PO Box 63, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland.
Journal of Epidemiology &amp Community Health (Impact Factor: 3.29). 06/2006; 60(5):376-81. DOI: 10.1136/jech.2005.041616
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to synthesise empirical findings on the salutogenic concept sense of coherence (SOC) and examine its capacity to explain health and its dimensions.
The study is descriptive and analytical with a systematic integration of the contemporary knowledge base on the salutogenic research published 1992-2003. The review includes 458 scientific publications and 13 doctoral theses.
Worldwide, based on postgraduate scientific publications in eight authorised databases, doctoral theses, and available books.
SOC is strongly related to perceived health, especially mental health. The stronger the SOC the better the perceived health in general, at least for those with an initial high SOC. This relation is manifested in study populations regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, nationality, and study design. SOC seems to have a main, moderating or mediating role in the explanation of health. Furthermore, the SOC seems to be able to predict health. SOC is an important contributor for the development and maintenance of people's health but does not alone explain the overall health.
SOC seems to be a health promoting resource, which strengthens resilience and develops a positive subjective state of health. Salutogenesis is a valuable approach for health promotion and would be worth to implement in practice much more than to date.

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Available from: Bengt Lindström, Jul 16, 2014
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    • "At the same time, identification of positive emotions associated with occasions such as receiving good news about treatment effectiveness could help reframe disease in a less negative light (Fava & Tomba, 2009). As for efforts targeting promotion of illness coherence, research suggests working not only on disease comprehensibility , but also on disease meaningfulness and manageability , as crucial resources in an incurable and unpredictable condition such as MS (Antonovsky, 1987; Eriksson & Lindström, 2006). Useful strategies comprise discussing the meaning of disease within a more general life perspective, understanding the gains it could bring, (e.g., in terms of tighter social relations, personal growth, or transcendental needs), and fostering beliefs in personal coping abilities. "
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    Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10880-015-9425-8 · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    • "e average level of sense of coherence of the mental health professionals in our study is quite similar to the results obtained in other studies carried out in populations of a similar nature. Examples include studies with mental health specialists (Eriksson & Lindström, 2006), professionals providing care in internal medicine services (Tselebis, Moulou & Ilias ,2001), nursing teachers (Eriksson & Lindström, 2006), and Finnish nurses unemployed at the time the study was carried out (Leino- Loison, Gien, Katajisto & Välimaki, 2004). "
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