SERPINB1 upregulation is associated with in vivo complex formation with neutrophil elastase and cathepsin G in a baboon model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
ABSTRACT Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to be a major cause of morbidity in premature infants. An imbalance between neutrophil elastase and its inhibitors has been implicated in BPD. Serine protease inhibitor (SERPIN)B1 is an inhibitor of neutrophil proteases, including neutrophil elastase (NE) and cathepsin G (cat G). Recent studies suggest that SERPINB1 could provide protection in the airways by regulating excess protease activity associated with inflammatory lung disorders. In this study, we determined the distribution and ontogeny of SERPINB1 in the baboon lung and characterized the expression of SERPINB1 in baboon models of BPD. SERPINB1 expression was detected in the conducting airway and glandular epithelial cells in addition to neutrophils, macrophages, and mast cells. SERPINB1 mRNA and protein expression increased with advancing gestational age and in the new BPD model. In contrast, SERPINB1 expression levels were decreased in the old BPD model. Furthermore, SERPINB1 was detected as a high-molecular-mass (HMM) complex in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples from the BPD group. Analysis of the HMM complex by coimmunoprecipitation showed that these complexes were formed between SERPINB1 and NE or cat G. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) ion trap mass spectrometry verified the presence of SERPINB1 in HMM complexes. Finally, NE activity level was compared between new and old baboon models of BPD and was found to be significantly lower in new BPD. Thus SERPINB1 upregulation in new BPD may be protective by contributing to the regulation of neutrophil proteases NE and cat G.
- SourceAvailable from: Rajeev Mehta[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The neutrophils and complement system are the critical elements of innate immunity mainly due to participation in the first line of defense against microorganisms by means of phagocytosis, lysis of bacteria and activation of naive B-lymphocytes. In this report we provide an overview of the up to date information regarding the neutrophil and complement system's functional ability in newborn infants in association with the maternal conditions that exist during the intrauterine stage, gestational age and post-neonatal pathology. The neonates' capacity to control the neutrophil and complement protein activation process has also been discussed because of the evidence that uncontrolled activation of these immune elements provides a significant contribution to the tissue damage and subsequent pathology. The authors are confident that despite the many unanswered questions this review updates their knowledge and points the need for further research to clarify the role of the age-associated dysfunction of neutrophils and complement system in the infection and inflammation related pathology of newborn infants.The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 03/2007; 74(2):185-91. DOI:10.1007/s12098-007-0013-2
- American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 04/2007; 175(6):532-40. DOI:10.1164/rccm.200701-018UP
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ABSTRACT: Failed alveolar formation and excess, disordered elastin are key features of neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD). We previously found fewer alveoli and more elastin in lungs of preterm compared with term lambs that had mechanical ventilation (MV) with O(2)-rich gas for 3 wk (MV-3 wk). We hypothesized that, in preterm more than in term lambs, MV-3 wk would reduce lung expression of growth factors that regulate alveolarization (VEGF, PDGF-A) and increase lung expression of growth factors [transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha, TGF-beta(1)] and matrix molecules (tropoelastin, fibrillin-1, fibulin-5, lysyl oxidases) that regulate elastin synthesis and assembly. We measured lung expression of these genes in preterm and term lambs after MV for 1 day, 3 days, or 3 wk, and in fetal controls. Lung mRNA for VEGF, PDGF-A, and their receptors (VEGF-R2, PDGF-Ralpha) decreased in preterm and term lambs after MV-3 wk, with reduced lung content of the relevant proteins in preterm lambs with CLD. TGF-alpha and TGF-beta(1) expression increased only in lungs of preterm lambs. Tropoelastin mRNA increased more with MV of preterm than term lambs, and expression levels remained high in lambs with CLD. In contrast, fibrillin-1 and lysyl oxidase-like-1 mRNA increased transiently, and lung abundance of other elastin-assembly genes/proteins was unchanged (fibulin-5) or reduced (lysyl oxidase) in preterm lambs with CLD. Thus MV-3 wk reduces lung expression of growth factors that regulate alveolarization and differentially alters expression of growth factors and matrix proteins that regulate elastin assembly. These changes, coupled with increased lung elastase activity measured in preterm lambs after MV for 1-3 days, likely contribute to CLD.AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 07/2007; 292(6):L1370-84. DOI:10.1152/ajplung.00367.2006