Determination of tobramycin in human serum by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection
ABSTRACT A study on the determination of the antibiotic tobramycin by CE with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection is presented. This method enabled the direct quantification of the non-UV-absorbing species without incurring the disadvantages of the indirect approaches which would be needed for optical detection. The separation of tobramycin from inorganic cations present in serum samples was achieved by optimizing the composition of the acetic acid buffer. Field-amplified sample stacking was employed to enhance the sensitivity of the method and a detection limit of 50 microg/L (S/N = 3) was reached. The RSDs obtained for migration time and peak area using kanamycin B as internal standard were typically 0.12 and 4%, respectively. The newly developed method was validated by measuring the concentration of tobramycin in serum standards containing typical therapeutic concentrations of 2 and 10 mg/L. The recoveries were 96 and 97% for the two concentrations, respectively.
- SourceAvailable from: Mohamed Nouri El-Attug
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "The determination of tobramycin in human serum has been reported using CE with Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (CE-C 4 D)  "
ABSTRACT: A method was validated and optimized to determine tobramycin (TOB) and its related substances. TOB is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which lacks a strong UV absorbing chromophore or fluorophore. Due to the physicochemical properties of TOB, capillary electrophoresis (CE) in combination with Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (C(4)D) was chosen. The optimized separation method uses a background electrolyte (BGE) composed of 25 mM morpholinoethane-sulphonic acid (MES) adjusted to pH 6.4 by L-histidine (l-His). 0.3 mM cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) was added as electroosmotic flow modifier in a concentration below the critical micellar concentration (CMC). Ammonium acetate 50 mg L(-1) was used as internal standard (IS). 30 kV was applied in reverse polarity (cathode at the injection capillary end) on a fused silica capillary (65/43 cm; 75 μm id). The optimized separation was obtained in less than 7 min with good linearity (R(2)=0.9995) for tobramycin. It shows a good precision expressed as RSD on relative peak areas equal to 0.2% and 0.7% for intraday and interday respectively. The LOD and LOQ are 0.4 and 1.3 mg L(-1) corresponding to 9 pg and 31 pg respectively.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 01/2012; 58(1):49-57. DOI:10.1016/j.jpba.2011.09.032 · 2.83 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent advances and key strategies in capillary electrophoresis and microchip CE with electrochemical detection (ECD) and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection are reviewed. This article consists of four main parts: CE-ECD; microchip CE-ECD; CE-ECL; and microchip CE-ECL. It is expected that ECD and ECL will become powerful tools for CE microchip systems and will lead to the creation of truly disposable devices. The focus is on papers published in the last two years (from 2005 to 2006).Journal of Separation Science 04/2007; 30(6):875-90. DOI:10.1002/jssc.200600472 · 2.59 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The use of CE with contactless conductivity detection was evaluated for monitoring enzymatic reactions. The nonionic species ethanol, glucose, ethyl acetate, and ethyl butyrate were made accessible for analysis by CE via charged products or by-products obtained in enzymatic conversions using hexokinase, glucose oxidase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and esterase. Two of the reactions, namely the conversion of glucose with glucose oxidase and that of ethylacetate with esterase, were also successfully demonstrated on a microchip device. Quantification for ethyl acetate, taken as an example, was found possible with a detection limit of approximately 7 microM.Electrophoresis 12/2007; 28(24):4690-6. DOI:10.1002/elps.200700332 · 3.16 Impact Factor