Determination of tobramycin in human serum by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection

Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, Republic of Singapore.
Electrophoresis (Impact Factor: 3.03). 05/2006; 27(10):1932-8. DOI: 10.1002/elps.200500819
Source: PubMed


A study on the determination of the antibiotic tobramycin by CE with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection is presented. This method enabled the direct quantification of the non-UV-absorbing species without incurring the disadvantages of the indirect approaches which would be needed for optical detection. The separation of tobramycin from inorganic cations present in serum samples was achieved by optimizing the composition of the acetic acid buffer. Field-amplified sample stacking was employed to enhance the sensitivity of the method and a detection limit of 50 microg/L (S/N = 3) was reached. The RSDs obtained for migration time and peak area using kanamycin B as internal standard were typically 0.12 and 4%, respectively. The newly developed method was validated by measuring the concentration of tobramycin in serum standards containing typical therapeutic concentrations of 2 and 10 mg/L. The recoveries were 96 and 97% for the two concentrations, respectively.

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    • "The determination of tobramycin in human serum has been reported using CE with Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (CE-C 4 D) [25] "
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    ABSTRACT: A method was validated and optimized to determine tobramycin (TOB) and its related substances. TOB is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which lacks a strong UV absorbing chromophore or fluorophore. Due to the physicochemical properties of TOB, capillary electrophoresis (CE) in combination with Capacitively Coupled Contactless Conductivity Detection (C(4)D) was chosen. The optimized separation method uses a background electrolyte (BGE) composed of 25 mM morpholinoethane-sulphonic acid (MES) adjusted to pH 6.4 by L-histidine (l-His). 0.3 mM cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) was added as electroosmotic flow modifier in a concentration below the critical micellar concentration (CMC). Ammonium acetate 50 mg L(-1) was used as internal standard (IS). 30 kV was applied in reverse polarity (cathode at the injection capillary end) on a fused silica capillary (65/43 cm; 75 μm id). The optimized separation was obtained in less than 7 min with good linearity (R(2)=0.9995) for tobramycin. It shows a good precision expressed as RSD on relative peak areas equal to 0.2% and 0.7% for intraday and interday respectively. The LOD and LOQ are 0.4 and 1.3 mg L(-1) corresponding to 9 pg and 31 pg respectively.
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    ABSTRACT: A newly developed conductivity detector, the floating resistivity detector (FRD), for microchip electrophoresis was introduced in this work. The detector design permits decoupling of the detection circuit from the high separation voltage without compromising separation efficiency. This greatly simplifies the integration of microchip electrophoresis systems. Its method of detection relies on platinum electrodes being dipped in two buffer-filled branched detection probe reservoirs on the microchip device. In this way, analytes passing through the detection window will not pass through and subsequently adsorb onto the electrodes, alleviating problems of electrode fouling due to analyte contamination and surface reactions. A customized microchip design was proposed and optimized stepwise for the new FRD system. Each branched detection probe was determined to be 4.50 mm long with a 0.075 mm detection window gap between them. The distance between the detection window and buffer waste reservoir was determined to be 1.50 mm. The optimized microchip design was subsequently used in the analysis of four groups of analytes - inorganic cations, amino acids, aminoglycosides antibiotics, and biomarkers. Based on the preliminary results obtained, the detection limits were in the range of 0.4-0.7 mg/L for the inorganic cations and 1.5-15 mg/L for the amino compounds.
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