The prevalence of co-morbid depression in adults with type 1 diabetes: Systematic literature review. Diabetic Medicine, 23, 445-448

University of Southampton, UK.
Diabetic Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.12). 05/2006; 23(4):445-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01814.x
Source: PubMed


To review the literature estimating the cross-sectional prevalence of clinical depression in adults with Type 1 diabetes.
Electronic databases and published references were used to identify studies published between January 2000 and June 2004, with a previous meta-analysis used to identify studies before 1 January 2000.
Between January 2000 and June 2004, a further five eligible studies were identified. Only one was a controlled study using diagnostic interviewing to determine rates of depression. Taking all of the eligible studies identified by the previous meta-analysis and this search, the prevalence of clinical depression in controlled studies was 12.0% for people with diabetes compared with 3.2% for control subjects. In studies with no control group, the prevalence of clinical depression was 13.4%.
There are wide-ranging differences reported in the various studies on the prevalence of depression in Type 1 diabetes. In view of the differing methods of diagnosis and small participant numbers, the results should be viewed with caution. A controlled study using diagnostic interviewing techniques to determine levels of depression is recommended to provide a clearer picture of both the prevalence and characteristics of that depression.

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    • "Current epidemiological evidence shows that at least one-third of people with diabetes suffer from depression (Barnard et al., 2006; Anderson et al., 2001; Lustman et al., 2000) whereas the prevalence of depression among healthy population ranges from 1% to 16.9% worldwide (Ronald et al., 2013). Patients with both depression and diabetes are more likely to have higher macrovascular and microvascular complications and higher mortality rates than those who have diabetes mellitus only (De Groot et al., 2001; Katon et al., 2005). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Accepted for publication by Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Sciences
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    • "Overall: OR =2.0 (1.8-2.2) independent of sex, DM type, sample source, depression assessment method.11 Another meta-analyses done by Barnard et al, (2006) analyzed T1DM 4 controlled & 10 uncontrolled studies and found prevalence of depression as 12% vs 3.2% (controlled studies) 13.4% (uncontrolled studies).13 One of the large cross-sectional communitybased study by done Kruse et al (2003) using Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and found comparable levels of depression between patients with DM and non-diabetic individuals. "

    African Journal of Psychiatry 01/2015; 18(2). DOI:10.4172/Psychiatry.1000231 · 0.73 Impact Factor
    • "Suicidal ideas as well as suicide attempts are potentially life threatening psychiatric emergencies that occur more frequently in patients with DM than in the general population. Many studies have focused on the relationship that DM shares with psychiatric disorders, especially depressive disorder.[9101112] However, fewer studies have focused upon understanding suicidality among individuals with DM. "
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    ABSTRACT: Relationship of diabetes mellitus (DM) with metal health disorders such as depression has been explored extensively in the published literatures. However, association of diabetes mellitus with suicidal tendencies has been evaluated less extensively. The present narrative review aimed to assess the literature relating to diabetes mellitus and suicide. As a part of the review, Pubmed and Google Scholar databases were searched for English language peer reviewed published studies with keywords relating to diabetes and suicide. Additional references were identified using cross-references. The available literature suggests that suicidal ideas and attempts are more frequent in patients with diabetes mellitus than healthy or medically ill controls. Although, a few studies report evidence to the contrary. Suicide accounts for a large proportion of deaths in patients with diabetes mellitus type I (T1DM), and their mortality rate is higher than that of age matched control population. Psychological morbidity, including depression, precedes suicidal ideas and attempts; though many other factors can be hypothesized to impact and modulate this association. A common method of suicide attempt in patients with diabetes includes uses of high doses of insulin and its congeners or medications to treat the disease. Regular screening and prompt treatment of depression and suicidality is suggested for patients with DM.
    07/2014; 18(4):468-74. DOI:10.4103/2230-8210.137487
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