Article

Measurement properties of the CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire in a sample of older Australians

School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, Qld. 4072, Australia.
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (Impact Factor: 3.08). 09/2006; 9(4):319-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.03.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effective evaluation of physical activity interventions for older adults requires measurement instruments with acceptable psychometric properties that are sufficiently sensitive to detect changes in this population.
To assess the measurement properties (reliability and validity) of the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) questionnaire in a sample of older Australians.
CHAMPS data were collected from 167 older adults (mean age 79.1 S.D. 6.3 years) and validated with tests of physical ability and the SF-12 measures of physical and mental health. Responses from a sub-sample of 43 older adults were used to assess 1-week test-retest reliability.
Approximately 25% of participants needed assistance to complete the CHAMPS questionnaire. There were low but significant correlations between the CHAMPS scores and the physical performance measures (rho=0.14-0.32) and the physical health scale of the SF-12 (rho=0.12-0.24). Reliability coefficients were highest for moderate-intensity (ICC=0.81-0.88) and lowest for vigorous-intensity physical activity (ICC=0.34-0.45). Agreement between test-retest estimates of sufficient physical activity for health benefits (> or =150min and > or =5 sessions per week) was high (percent agreement=88% and Cohen's kappa=0.68).
These findings suggest that the CHAMPS questionnaire has acceptable measurement properties, and is therefore suitable for use among older Australian adults, as long as adequate assistance is provided during administration.

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    • "All eligible participants will be informed individually about the content of the intervention and the study design will be explained. The participants will be asked to complete the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) that assessed the intensity and the frequency of their participation in various activities such as walking, gardening, housework, sports activities, and volunteering [48]. After that, participants will be randomly allocated into either the experimental group (DT-TW) or the control group (DT-RC) (Figure 1). "
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    • ". If participants reported doing any of the listed activities, they were asked to record the number of occasions the activity was normally performed per week and the average duration of that activity. A research assistant was available to assist the older adults completing the CHAMPS (as well as the LLFI) questionnaires if required, as such assistance was required in up to 25% of retirement village residents [41]. "
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    • "Both kcal expenditure measures were computed using the CHAMPS instrument, designed to quantify relative kcal expenditure in adult populations based on self-reported frequency and duration of a range of common physical activities (Stewart, et al., 2001). CHAMPS-calculated kcal expenditure has demonstrated acceptable reliability, with ICCs for moderate intensity activities of 0.67, 0.76, and 0.81–0.88 at six months, two weeks, and one week, respectively (Stewart, et al., 2001, Cyarto, et al., 2006). The instrument has also demonstrated adequate discriminant and construct validity, correlates well with other measures of PA, and is sensitive to change (Stewart, et al., 2001). "
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