Monitoring of lung motion in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma using two-dimensional and three-dimensional dynamic magnetic resonance imaging: comparison with spirometry.
ABSTRACT To monitor lung motion in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) before and after chemotherapy (CHT) using 2-dimensional (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) dynamic MRI (dMRI) in comparison with spirometry.
Twenty-two patients with MPM were examined before CHT, as well as after 3 and 6 CHT cycles (3 months and 6 months) using 2D dMRI (trueFISP; 3 images/s) and 3D dMRI (FLASH 3D, 1 slab (52 slices)/s) using parallel imaging in combination with view-sharing technique. Maximum craniocaudal lung dimensions (2D) and lung volumes (3D) were monitored, separated into the tumor-bearing and nontumor-bearing hemithorax. Vital capacity (VC) was measured for comparison using spirometry.
Using 2D technique, there was a significant difference between the tumor-bearing and the nontumor-bearing hemithorax before CHT (P < 0.01) and after 3 CHT cycles (P < 0.05), whereas difference was not significant in the second control. In the tumor-bearing hemithorax, mobility increased significantly from the status before versus after 3 CHT cycles (4.1 +/- 1.1 cm vs. 4.8 +/- 1.4 cm, P < 0.05). Using 3D technique, at maximum inspiration, the volume of the tumor-bearing hemithorax was 0.6 +/- 0.4 L and of the nontumor-bearing hemithorax 1.25 +/- 0.4 L before CHT. In the follow-up exams, these volumes changed to 1.05 +/- 0.4 L (P < 0.05) and 1.4 +/- 0.5 L, respectively. Using spirometry, there was no significant change in VC (1.9 +/- 0.4 L vs. 2.2 +/- 0.7 L vs. 2.2 +/- 0.9 L).
dMRI is capable of monitoring changes in lung motion and volumetry in patients with MPM not detected by global spirometry. Thus, dMRI is proposed for use as a further measure of therapy response.
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ABSTRACT: In clinical practice, the assessment of lung mechanics is limited to a global physiological evaluation, which measures, in the aggregate, the contributions of the pulmonary parenchyma, pleura, and chest wall. In this study, we used an MR imaging methodology which applies two-dimensional bands of inverted magnetization directly onto the pulmonary parenchyma, thus allowing for the quantification of local pulmonary tissue deformation, or strain, throughout inhalation. Our results showed that the magnitude of strain was maximal at the base and apex of the lung, but was curtailed at the hilum, the anatomical site of the poorly mobile bronchial and vascular insertions. In-plane shear strain mapping showed mostly positive shear strain, predominant at the apex throughout inhalation, and increasing with expanding lung volume. Anisotropy mapping showed that superior-inferior axial strain was greater than medial-lateral axial strain at the apex and base, while the opposite was true for the middle lung field. This study demonstrates that localized pulmonary deformation can be measured in vivo with tagging MRI, and quantified by applying finite strain definitions from continuum mechanics.Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 04/2001; 13(3):467-74. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate diaphragm and chest wall motion during the whole breathing cycle using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a volumetric model in correlation with spirometry. Breathing cycles of 15 healthy volunteers were examined using a trueFISP sequence (5 slices in 3 planes, 3 images per second). Time-distance curves were calculated and correlated to spirometry. A model for vital capacity (VC), continuous time-dependent vital capacity (tVC), and investigating the influence of horizontal and vertical parameters on tVC was introduced. Time-distance curves of the breathing cycle using MRI correlated highly significant with spirometry (P < 0.0001). VC calculated by the model was similar to VC measured in spirometry (5.00 L vs. 5.15 L). tVC correlated highly significantly with spirometry (P < 0.0001). Vertical parameters had a more profound influence on tVC change than horizontal parameters. Dynamic MRI is a simple noninvasive method to evaluate local chest wall motion and respiratory mechanics. It widens the repertoire of tools for lung examination with a high temporal resolution.Investigative Radiology 04/2004; 39(4):202-9. · 5.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anticancer cytotoxic agents go through a process by which their antitumor activity-on the basis of the amount of tumor shrinkage they could generate-has been investigated. In the late 1970s, the International Union Against Cancer and the World Health Organization introduced specific criteria for the codification of tumor response evaluation. In 1994, several organizations involved in clinical research combined forces to tackle the review of these criteria on the basis of the experience and knowledge acquired since then. After several years of intensive discussions, a new set of guidelines is ready that will supersede the former criteria. In parallel to this initiative, one of the participating groups developed a model by which response rates could be derived from unidimensional measurement of tumor lesions instead of the usual bidimensional approach. This new concept has been largely validated by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Group and integrated into the present guidelines. This special article also provides some philosophic background to clarify the various purposes of response evaluation. It proposes a model by which a combined assessment of all existing lesions, characterized by target lesions (to be measured) and nontarget lesions, is used to extrapolate an overall response to treatment. Methods of assessing tumor lesions are better codified, briefly within the guidelines and in more detail in Appendix I. All other aspects of response evaluation have been discussed, reviewed, and amended whenever appropriate.JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 03/2000; 92(3):205-16. · 14.34 Impact Factor