h-Caldesmon, a useful positive marker in the diagnosis of pleural malignant mesothelioma, epithelioid type.
ABSTRACT Although a large number of immunohistochemical markers that can facilitate the differential diagnosis between epithelioid pleural mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma involving the pleura have proven to be valuable, no single antibody has demonstrated absolute sensitivity and/or specificity in making this distinction. Using immunohistochemical analysis with h-caldesmon, a specific marker for smooth muscle tumors, we examined 70 cases of epithelial mesotheliomas and 70 cases of lung adenocarcinomas. In addition, immunohistochemistry for muscle markers, such as desmin, alpha-smooth-muscle actin, muscle-specific actin, myoglobin, myogenin, myosin, and MyoD-1, was performed on all mesothelioma cases. Reactivity for h-caldesmon was obtained in 68 (97%) of the 70 epithelial mesotheliomas, but in none of the adenocarcinoma cases. All mesothelioma cases were found to be negative for the other muscle markers examined. We conclude that h-caldesmon is a highly sensitive and specific marker and suggest its inclusion in the immunohistochemical panel for the differential diagnosis of epithelioid mesothelioma versus lung adenocarcinoma.
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ABSTRACT: There is reliable information about how changes in spleen histology are influenced by the relationship among B and T lymphocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells and myofibroblasts. Moreover, if it can be applied in the day-by-day pathology laboratory. This work intends to elucidate morpho-functional aspects of relationships of these cells in the different spleen compartments, how they are influenced by pathological conditions and how basic immunohistochemical techniques could optimize the histopathological diagnosis. We analyzed the usefulness of the monoclonal antibodies CD45RO, CD20, CD21, CD35, CD68, caldesmon, the smooth muscle alpha-actin type 1 (SMA-1) in 91 specimens. CD21(+) CD35(+) follicular dendritic cells were organized into three patterns in agreement with the immune condition of the lymphoid follicle. Smooth muscle alpha-actin type 1(+)and caldesmon(+)myofibroblasts draw two double rings: marginal-perifollicular and germinal-marginal. The latter is closely related to T-cells. CD68(+)red pulp macrophages had clear and linear configuration. The interruption of this CD68(+) linear pattern in splenic marginal zone lymphoma cases could be a criterion to differentiate it from reactive hyperplasia. CD45RO, CD20, CD21, CD68 and SMA-1 provide a basic and quality immunohistochemical battery for a better comprehension of the human spleen and could improve its histopathological diagnosis.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2009; 3(2):189-202. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Malignant mesothelioma is an uncommon malignant epithelial neoplasm originating from the serosal surface of body cavities. Because serosal surfaces are a common site of metastatic spread for a variety of malignant neoplasms originating from internal organs, separating malignant mesothelioma from metastatic tumors is of clinical importance. The diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma is complex and usually requires a multimodal approach that includes careful clinical history and physical examination, imaging studies, and tissue sampling for multimodal evaluation including routine histology, histochemistry, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemical tests. Of these, immunohistochemistry has emerged as the most valuable and readily available modality for the routine evaluation of these tumors. Unfortunately, no specific antibodies have yet been developed that can be accepted as exclusive for these tumors. The immunohistochemical diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma therefore depends on the use of a panel of stains that includes markers that are commonly expected to react with these tumors ("positive" markers) and markers that are not commonly expected to react with these tumors ("negative" markers). Additionally, the selection and utility of these various markers can vary considerably based on a constellation of circumstances, including patient sex, histologic appearance of the tumor (ie, epithelioid vs. sarcomatoid, etc), and various other clinical circumstances. Herein, we will review the currently available immunohistochemical markers used for the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma and offer suggestions for the use of appropriate panels of stains based on specific morphologic types and clinical circumstances.Advances in Anatomic Pathology 12/2006; 13(6):316-29. DOI:10.1097/01.pap.0000213064.05005.64 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive neoplasm linked to asbestos exposure. Most mesothelioma patients present with pleural effusion and the fluid is typically sent for cytological examination. Therefore, cytopathologists are most familiar with features of mesothelioma in fluid preparations. We present here a case of malignant mesothelioma with unusual cytological features diagnosed on FNA. The diagnosis was confirmed by immuno-histochemical and electron microscopic studies. In addition, we compare the cytomorphological features observed in malignant effusion versus fine-needle aspiration.Diagnostic Cytopathology 03/2007; 35(3):174-8. DOI:10.1002/dc.20605 · 1.52 Impact Factor