The prognostic significance of fibrosarcomatous transformation in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
ABSTRACT Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a superficial tumor characterized by high rates of local recurrence and a small risk of metastasis. Fibrosarcomatous (FS) areas rarely arise in DFSP, and considerable controversy exists as to whether these tumors have a higher risk of metastasis than the typical DFSP. The aim of this study was to reappraise the prognostic significance of FS changes in DFSP by analyzing 41 patients from the consultation files of our institution. The study included 23 females and 18 males, with a median age of 48 years (range, 16-100 years). Eighteen lesions were located on the trunk, 16 on the extremities, and 7 on the head/neck region. All tumors were treated with local excision, and the surgical margins were considered positive for tumor in 22 of 39 cases (56%). Fibrosarcomas arose de novo in 38 cases and as a recurrence in 3 cases. All tumors involved the dermis and subcutis, and the FS component comprised 5% to 95% of the tumor area (median, 60%). Mitotic rates of the FS component (median, 20 mitoses/10 high-power fields [HPFs]; range, 5-48/10 HPFs) were considerably higher than those of the neighboring DFSP component (0-2 mitoses/10 HPFs). Immunohistochemical analyses showed that CD34 expression was stronger and more extensive in the DFSP component (97% positive; median intensity, 3+) than in the FS component (81% positive; median intensity, 2+). The MIB-1 labeling index was higher in the FS areas (median, 20%; range, 5%-45%) than in the DFSP areas (<3%). Expression of p53 was present in 92% of the FS areas and in only 3% of adjacent DFSP areas. Follow-up data revealed that 8 patients had local recurrences, 4 patients (10%) had metastases, and 2 patients died of disease. None of the variables evaluated, including margin status, FS proportion, and mitotic count, correlated with disease progression. We demonstrate that FS change in DFSP is a form of tumor progression that carries an increased risk of metastasis over classic DFSP and is associated with gains of p53 mutations and increased proliferative activity.
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ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare, low-grade malignant tumor. It is characterized by aggressive local infiltration, leading to a propensity for recurrence. In children, DFSP is even less common and likely misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed. This study is a review of DFSP in the pediatric population and aims to identify factors for successful treatment.Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.bjps.2014.05.031 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans (DFSP) is a rare skin tumor, characterized by frequent local recurrence but is seldom metastatic. It is histologically characterized by storiform arrangement of spindle cells. Cytogenetically, most tumors are characterized by translocation 17:22 leading to overexpression of tyrosine kinase PDGFB which can be targeted with tyrosine kinase inhibitor, Imatinib. We describe the first case of unresectable pancreatic metastases from DFSP treated with neoadjuvant Imatinib and subsequently R0 metastectomy. Additionally, a comprehensive systematic review of DFSP pancreatic metastases and the current published data on the use of Imatinib in DFSP is summarized.01/2014; 4:8. DOI:10.1186/2045-3329-4-8
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ABSTRACT: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) carries a translocation resulting in the collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1)-platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) fusion gene, which is responsible for PDGFB activation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinicopathological, genetic, and therapeutic features of DFSP in Korean patients. Clinicopathological features of 37 patients with DFSP were reviewed. Multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out in 16 patients using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues and specific primers for COL1A1 and PDGFB. The mean age of 37 patients was 37.4 years old. The most common tumor location was the trunk. All patients were treated primarily with surgery: 34 (91.7%) cases with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and 3 (8.3%) cases with wide local excision. The median follow-up time was 33.7 months. Two patients, one in each treatment group, demonstrated local recurrence during the follow-up period. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion gene was expressed in 14 (87.5%) cases, demonstrated by reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. No association was found among the different COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcripts, the various histological subtypes and clinical features. Our results support the effectiveness of MMS in treating DFSP. The COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript was observed in 87.5% of patients. Therefore, COL1A1-PDGFB is a useful and accurate tool in diagnosing DFSP in Koreans.