Physical Activity in Men and Women with Arthritis. National Health Interview Survey, 2002

Office of Health Assessment and Epidemiology, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, CA 90012, USA.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.53). 06/2006; 30(5):385-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2005.12.005
Source: PubMed


Regular physical activity in persons with arthritis has been shown to decrease pain, improve function, and delay disability. This study estimates the national prevalence of leisure-time physical activity and identifies factors associated with physical inactivity in adults with arthritis.
Data from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed in 2004-2005 to estimate the proportion of adults with arthritis meeting four physical activity recommendations put forward in Healthy People 2010 and one arthritis-specific recommendation established by a national expert panel in arthritis and physical activity. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between inactivity and sociodemographic factors, body mass index, functional limitations, social limitations, need for special equipment, frequent anxiety/depression, affected joint location, joint pain, physical activity counseling, and access to a fitness facility.
Adults with arthritis were significantly less likely than adults without arthritis to engage in recommended levels of moderate or vigorous physical activity, and 37% of adults with arthritis were inactive. In both men and women with arthritis, inactivity was associated with older age, lower education, and having functional limitations; having access to a fitness facility was inversely associated with inactivity. Among women, inactivity was also associated with being Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, having frequent anxiety/depression or social limitations, needing special equipment, and not receiving physical activity counseling. Among men, inactivity was also associated with severe joint pain.
Although physical activity is a recommended therapy for people with arthritis, levels among adults with arthritis are insufficient, and those with arthritis have worse activity profiles than their peers without arthritis. Efforts to promote physical activity should include expanding access to evidence-based interventions and recreational facilities/programs. The importance of physical activity counseling and associated pain management measures by healthcare providers should be emphasized.

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    • "However, often times, the pain, stiffness, and other symptoms that accompany arthritis and other rheumatic conditions deter people from being active [52]. On average, individuals with arthritis are insufficiently active and are even less likely to be active than people without arthritis [53]. It is possible that the excess weight prevents some arthritic individuals from being active; therefore, losing weight may actually lead to increases in PA. "
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    ABSTRACT: Arthritis and obesity, both highly prevalent, contribute greatly to the burden of disability in US adults. We examined whether body mass index (BMI) was associated with physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures among adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. We assessed objectively measured BMI and physical functioning (six-minute walk, chair stand, seated reach, walking velocity, hand grip) and self-reported HRQOL (depression, stiffness, pain, fatigue, disability, quality of life-mental, and quality of life, physical) were assessed. Self-reported age, gender, race, physical activity, and arthritis medication use (covariates) were also assessed. Unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models examined the association between BMI and objective measures of functioning and self-reported measures of HRQOL. BMI was significantly associated with all functional (Ps ≤ 0.007) and HRQOL measures (Ps ≤ 0.03) in the unadjusted models. Associations between BMI and all functional measures (Ps ≤ 0.001) and most HRQOL measures remained significant in the adjusted models (Ps ≤ 0.05); depression and quality of life, physical, were not significant. The present analysis of a range of HRQOL and objective measures of physical function demonstrates the debilitating effects of the combination of overweight and arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. Future research should focus on developing effective group and self-management programs for weight loss for people with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions (registered on NCT01172327).
    12/2013; 2013(60):190868. DOI:10.1155/2013/190868
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    • "Knowledge on type and level of physical activity in individuals with OA is limited. A large survey conducted in the US indicated that those with OA were less active than healthy individuals [63], but the activity level according to affected joint was not investigated. A recent US study showed that only 13% of men and 8% of women with knee OA met the aerobic component of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (≥150 minutes/week of moderate-to-vigorous–intensity activity lasting ≥10 minutes) [64]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Knowledge about the prevalence and consequences of osteoarthritis (OA) in the Norwegian population is limited. This study has been designed to gain a greater understanding of musculoskeletal pain in the general population with a focus on clinically and radiologically confirmed OA, as well as risk factors, consequences, and management of OA. The Musculoskeletal pain in Ullensaker STudy (MUST) has been designed as an observational study comprising a population-based postal survey and a comprehensive clinical examination of a sub-sample with self-reported OA (MUST OA cohort). All inhabitants in Ullensaker municipality, Norway, aged 40 to 79 years receive the initial population-based postal survey questionnaire with questions about life style, general health, musculoskeletal pain, self-reported OA, comorbidities, health care utilisation, medication use, and functional ability. Participants who self-report OA in their hip, knee and/or hand joints are asked to attend a comprehensive clinical examination at Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, including a comprehensive medical examination, performance-based functional tests, different imaging modalities, cardiovascular assessment, blood and urine samples, and a number of patient-reported questionnaires including five OA disease specific instruments. Data will be merged with six national data registries. A subsample of those who receive the questionnaire has previously participated in postal surveys conducted in 1990, 1994, and 2004 with data on musculoskeletal pain and functional ability in addition to demographic characteristics and a number of health related factors. This subsample constitutes a population based cohort with 20 years follow-up. This protocol describes the design of an observational population-based study that will involve the collection of data from a postal survey on musculoskeletal pain, and a comprehensive clinical examination on those with self-reported hand, hip and/or knee OA. These data, in addition to data from national registries, will provide unique insights into clinically and radiologically confirmed OA with respect to risk factors, consequences, and management.
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 07/2013; 14(1):201. DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-14-201 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    • "Access to a fitness facility was inversely associated with inactivity. Among women, inactivity was also associated with being Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, having frequent anxiety/depression or social limitations, needing special equipment to increase functional capacity, and not receiving physical activity counseling [23]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background While arthritis is the most common cause of disability, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics experience worse arthritis impact despite having the same or lower prevalence of arthritis compared to non-Hispanic whites. People with arthritis who exercise regularly have less pain, more energy, and improved sleep, yet arthritis is one of the most common reasons for limiting physical activity. Mind-body interventions, such as yoga, that teach stress management along with physical activity may be well suited for investigation in both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Yoga users are predominantly white, female, and college educated. There are few studies that examine yoga in minority populations; none address arthritis. This paper presents a study protocol examining the feasibility and acceptability of providing yoga to an urban, minority population with arthritis. Methods/design In this ongoing pilot study, a convenience sample of 20 minority adults diagnosed with either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis undergo an 8-week program of yoga classes. It is believed that by attending yoga classes designed for patients with arthritis, with racially concordant instructors; acceptability of yoga as an adjunct to standard arthritis treatment and self-care will be enhanced. Self-care is defined as adopting behaviors that improve physical and mental well-being. This concept is quantified through collecting patient-reported outcome measures related to spiritual growth, health responsibility, interpersonal relations, and stress management. Additional measures collected during this study include: physical function, anxiety/depression, fatigue, sleep disturbance, social roles, and pain; as well as baseline demographic and clinical data. Field notes, quantitative and qualitative data regarding feasibility and acceptability are also collected. Acceptability is determined by response/retention rates, positive qualitative data, and continuing yoga practice after three months. Discussion There are a number of challenges in recruiting and retaining participants from a community clinic serving minority populations. Adopting behaviors that improve well-being and quality of life include those that integrate mental health (mind) and physical health (body). Few studies have examined offering integrative modalities to this population. This pilot was undertaken to quantify measures of feasibility and acceptability that will be useful when evaluating future plans for expanding the study of yoga in urban, minority populations with arthritis. Trial registration NCT01617421
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 04/2013; 11(1):55. DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-11-55 · 2.12 Impact Factor
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