Fracture resistance of single-tooth implant-supported all-ceramic restorations after exposure to the artificial mouth.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of single-tooth implant-supported all-ceramic restorations, composed of zirconium dioxide all ceramic restorations on different implant abutments, and to identify the weakest component of the restorative system. Forty-eight standardized maxillary central incisor zirconia crowns (Procera) were fabricated for two test groups and one control group (group Al: alumina abutments; group Zr: zirconia abutments; control group Ti: titanium abutments). All abutments were placed on the implants (Replace) using titanium screws. The crowns were adhesively luted using a resin luting agent (Panavia 21) and artificially aged through dynamic loading and thermal cycling. Afterwards, all specimens were tested for fracture resistance using compressive load on the palatal surfaces of the crowns. Pair-wise Wilcoxon rank tests were performed to test for differences in fracture resistance values with a global significance level of 0.05. All test specimens survived aging in the artificial mouth. No screw loosening was recorded. The median fracture resistance was 1251, 241 and 457 N for groups Ti, Al and Zr respectively. Statistically significant differences were found for the comparisons of group Ti with groups Al and Zr (P < 0.00001), and for the comparison of group Al with Zr (P < 0.00001). Results of this study showed that all tested implant-supported restorations have the potential to withstand physiological occlusal forces applied in the anterior region. Because of the low fracture resistance values of group Al, the combination of zirconia crowns and alumina abutments should carefully be considered before clinical application.
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ABSTRACT: The positive results of the performance of zirconia for orthopedics devices have led the dental community to explore possible esthetical and mechanical outcomes using this material. However, questions regarding long-term results have opened strong and controversial discussions regarding the utilization of zirconia as a substitute for alloys for restorations and implants. This narrative review presents the current knowledge on zirconia utilized for dental restorations, oral implant components, and zirconia oral implants, and also addresses laboratory tests and developments, clinical performance, and possible future trends of this material for dental healthcare.Materials. 01/2010;
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ABSTRACT: A traumatic impact to an implant-supported crown might damage the implant, restoration and peri-implant tissues. Ideally, only a small prosthetic retreatment is needed for restoration, as complicated prosthetic retreatments or surgical retreatments in particular, could be very inconvenient for the patient. However, there is a deficiency in literature on how the implant, restoration and surrounding tissues generally react to impact forces. This report demonstrates a case of trauma to an implant-supported crown in the maxillary anterior zone resulting in a displacement of the implant crown. After careful examination and follow-up, it appeared that only the fixation screw was damaged, whereas the implant, restoration and peri-implant tissues remained unharmed. Thanks to the protective qualities of the implant system, an easy prosthetic retreatment could restore the implant-supported crown and a surgical retreatment was prevented.Dental Traumatology 05/2010; 26(4):366-9. · 1.20 Impact Factor
Article: All-ceramic crowns over single implant zircon abutment. Influence of young's modulus on mechanics.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different Young moduli of the ceramic crown on the distribution of tensions in the region of the abutment-crown interface by making use of 2D finite element analysis. Two representative models of a sagittally sectioned maxilla were built through AutoCad program showing an implant in the region of the upper central incisor and were restored by means of IPS e.max Press or Procera AllCeram on zircon abutment. Numerical analysis (Ansys 10.0) was performed under 2 loading conditions (50 N): on the lingual face, at 45 degrees with the implant's long axis (L1) and perpendicular to the incisal edge (L2). The von Mises equivalent stress (σvM) and maximum principal stress (σmax) were obtained. It was noticed that, independent of the restoring system, the maximum σvM values were in the incisal region of the cementation interface for both loading conditions. The IPS e.max Press system showed higher σvM on the adhesive interface with higher L1 influence. The same behavior was also observed as regards the σmax variation. It was concluded that a restoring system with a lower Young modulus shows higher stress concentration on the abutment-crown interface when cemented on an abutment with a high Young modulus. Thus, IPS e.max Press system provides higher stress concentration in the resin cement layer than Procera AllCeram system, suggesting that the resin cement layer shows lower failure risk when the Procera crown is used.Implant dentistry 12/2010; 19(6):539-48. · 1.51 Impact Factor