Inositol polyphosphate phosphatases and phosphoinositides second messengers have been associated with major cellular functions as growth, differentiation, apoptosis, protein trafficking and motility. To characterize the role of inositol phosphatases in cell physiology, we have isolated the mouse Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II (Inpp4b) cDNA. The murine Inpp4b locus was mapped on chromosome 8 in a synthenic region of the human 4q27-31 interval between Il-15 and Usp38. The mouse Inpp4b proteins, alpha and beta isoforms, encoded by this locus contained 927 and 941 amino acids respectively with a consensus phosphatase catalytic site and a conserved C2 domain that are highly similar with the human and rat homologues. Interestingly, we characterized a novel shorter isoform of Inpp4balpha resulting from an alternative translation initiation site and exon 5 skipping. Inpp4b C2 domain interacted with preferential affinity to phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P(3)) lipids. While analysis of Inpp4b transcript and protein expression demonstrated a broad tissue distribution for the alpha isoform, as for the paralogue Inpp4aalpha and beta isoforms, it also displayed a limited hematopoietic lineage distribution whereas the Inpp4bbeta isoform had a highly restricted pattern. Importantly, the Inpp4bbeta localized to the Golgi apparatus whereas Inpp4balpha was mainly cytosolic, suggesting a different cellular function for this isoform. Together our characterization of the murine Inpp4b gene expression pattern, cellular sublocalization and interacting lipids support highly specific function for individual Inpp4 phosphatase proteins.
"A total of 74 CpG sites spanning approximately 717-bp on the 5'CpG island of INPP4B were analyzed by bisulfite sequencing. This region covered the critical transcriptional regulatory domains sufficient for INPP4B expression in epithelial cells . The PCR primers for bisulfite sequencing and MSP assay are listed in Table S1. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common viral-associated neoplasm in which multiple signaling cascades are interfered with by Epstein-Bar virus (EBV) latent proteins and various genetic alterations. Aside from the previously reported PIK3CA amplification, we examined the role of INPP4B, a negative regulator of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in the development of NPC. By RT-PCR and Western blotting, we revealed that the expression of INPP4B was down-regulated in all five established EBV-positive tumor lines. While INPP4B was consistently expressed in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cells, downregulation of INPP4B was found in 32/65 (49.2%) of primary tumors by immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, our study also demonstrated the hypermethylation of the 5'CpG island of INPP4B in the tumors in which INPP4B transcription was downregulated. Notably, the re-expression of INPP4B was detected in the NPC cells treated with the demethylation agent (5-aza-2'deoxycytidine). Our study showed that promoter hypermethylation was the major mechanism for transcriptional silencing of INPP4B in NPC. Furthermore, restoration of INPP4B expression significantly suppressed PI3K/AKT downstream signals in the NPC C666-1 cells. In vivo growth inhibition was clearly demonstrated in the tumor cells stably expressing INPP4B. The findings indicate that epigenetic inactivation of INPP4B is one of the key mechanisms in activating PI3K/AKT signaling cascade and playing a role in the tumorigenesis of NPC.
PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e105163. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0105163 · 3.23 Impact Factor
"5 ) embryos ( Ferron and Vacher , 2006 ) . The two main Inpp4b transcripts , Inpp4ba and Inpp4bb are produced by alternative splicing of the 3 ' end of Inpp4b and are translated into the INPP4Ba and INPP4Bb proteins respectively ( Ferron and Vacher , 2006 ) . A comparison of Inpp4b transcript levels was performed among Tgkd / Tgkd , Tgkd ( mat ) / þ ( maternal inheritance ) , Tgkd ( pat ) / þ ( paternal inheritance ) and wild - type E13 . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Teratomas are a unique class of tumors composed of ecto-, meso- and endodermal tissues, all foreign to the site of origin. In humans, the most common teratoma is the ovarian teratoma. Not much is known about the molecular and genetic etiologies of these tumors. Female carriers of the Tgkd transgene are highly susceptible to developing teratomas. Ovaries of Tgkd/+ hemizygous female mice exhibit defects in luteinization, with numerous corpora lutea, some of which contain central trapped, fully-grown oocytes. Genetically, Tgkd teratomas originate from mature oocytes that have completed meiosis I, suggesting that Tgkd teratomas originate from these trapped oocytes. The insertion of Tgkd 3' of the Inpp4b gene is associated with decreased expression of Inpp4b and changes in intracellular PI3 Kinase/AKT signaling in follicular granulosa cells. Because Inpp4b is not expressed in fully-grown wild-type or Tgkd oocytes, these findings suggest that hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT pathway caused by the decrease in INPP4B in granulosa cells promotes an ovarian environment defective in folliculogenesis and conducive to teratoma formation.
"Human and murine INPP4B C2 lipid-binding domains share greater than 91% sequence identity . The murine INPP4B-α and -β spliced isoforms are highly conserved and have different expression patterns and cell localization  "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of processes such as cell growth, proliferation, survival, and metabolism in all cells and tissues. Dysregulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway occurs in patients with many cancers and other disorders. This aberrant activation of PI3K/Akt pathway is primarily caused by loss of function of all negative controllers known as inositol polyphosphate phosphatases and phosphoprotein phosphatases. Recent studies provided evidence of distinct functions of the four main phosphatases-phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), Src homology 2-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase (SHIP), inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II (INPP4B), and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A)-in different tissues with respect to regulation of cancer development. We will review the structures and functions of PTEN, SHIP, INPP4B, and PP2A phosphatases in suppressing cancer progression and their deregulation in cancer and highlight recent advances in our understanding of the PI3K/Akt signaling axis.
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