Simultaneous Multicolor Fluorescence Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy to Detect Higher Order Molecular Interactions Using Single Wavelength Laser Excitation
ABSTRACT Fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy is a powerful method for the study of molecular interactions and dynamics in solution and even in living cells. Usually, in the optical setup, either two laser beams have to be superimposed in their respective confocal volumes or two-photon excitation is used for a dual-color detection system. It has been shown recently that fluorescence cross correlation can be achieved with spectrally similar fluorophores using single wavelength excitation fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (SW-FCCS). In this study, we show that SW-FCCS allows the simultaneous excitation of up to three fluorophores in which the cross correlation of their fluctuation signals is detected separately in three detection channels. The experimental and theoretical model to describe triple pairwise cross correlations incorporating cross talk and possible changes in emission characteristics such as quenching upon binding are outlined. The effectiveness of SW-FCCS to detect binding of three interacting partners is experimentally verified with a standard ligand-receptor model, biotin-streptavidin, where differently labeled biotin ligands and their binding to a third-color labeled streptavidin are studied. The cross-correlation amplitudes and their changes with stoichiometric binding are analyzed and the upper limits of dissociation constants are determined. Performed with appropriate negative controls, SW-FCCS can determine interaction patterns between ligands and receptors.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Thorsten Wohland, Aug 13, 2015
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ABSTRACT: We report the design and application of a prism-based detection system for fluorescence (cross) correlation spectroscopy. The system utilizes a single laser wavelength for the simultaneous excitation of several dyes of different emission spectra. Fluorescence light is spectrally separated with a prismatic setup, and wavelengths are selected by scanning a fiber-coupled avalanche photodiode across the image spots. Multicolor autocorrelations are demonstrated with standard and tandem dyes, and fluorescence cross-correlation measurements of biotinylated nanocontainers and streptavidin are presented. This spectrometer offers high optical stability and no focal volume mismatch for the multicolor detection of molecular dynamics and interactions, with single-molecule sensitivity.Optics Letters 06/2006; 31(9):1310-2. DOI:10.1364/OL.31.001310 · 3.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) is a method that measures the temporal fluorescence fluctuations coming from two differently labeled molecules diffusing through a small sample volume. Cross-correlation analysis of the fluorescence signals from separate detection channels extracts information of the dynamics of the dual-labeled molecules. FCCS has become an essential tool for the characterization of diffusion coefficients, binding constants, kinetic rates of binding, and determining molecular interactions in solutions and cells. By cross-correlating between two focal spots, flow properties could also be measured. Recent developments in FCCS have been targeted at using different experimental schemes to improve on the sensitivity and address their limitations such as cross-talk and alignment issues. This review presents an overview of the different excitation and detection methodologies used in FCCS and their biological applications. This is followed by a description of the fluorescent probes currently available for the different methods. This will introduce biological readers to FCCS and its related techniques and provide a starting point to selecting which experimental scheme is suitable for their type of biological study.Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 02/2007; 49(1):1-13. DOI:10.1007/s12013-007-0042-5 · 2.38 Impact Factor