[Urinary albumin excretion and coronary artery disease].
ABSTRACT The moderate elevation in urinary albumin excretion defined as microalbuminuria is common in the population and associated with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Microalbuminuria prevalence is low in the absence of CV risk factors and progressively increases with the number of the individual's CV risk factors. The main correlate of microalbuminuria is blood pressure (BP). The relationship between BP and microalbuminuria is continuous and graded since the prevalence of microalbuminuria increases with the severity of hypertension. Among hypertensives receiving treatment, BP control is associated with a low prevalence of microalbuminuria. Therefore, BP appears as a determinant of microalbuminuria rather than a mere correlate. For hypercholesterolemia, smoking and diabetes, the data are less strong, but point to an independent positive association with microalbuminuria. Altogether, data indicate that microalbuminuria in the population reflects the presence of CV risk factors. Data concerning microalbuminuria and coronary heart disease (CHD) support this idea. There is a continuous and graded relationship between urinary albumin excretion and CHD prevalence. High urinary albumin excretion is a likely sign of vascular damage existing both at renal and cardiac levels and induced by one or more uncontrolled CV risk factors.