Posterior capsule staining and posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis in congenital cataract.
ABSTRACT We report 2 cases of indocyanine green (ICG) staining used for posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) in congenital cataract combined with anterior vitrectomy. In the first case, because of corneal opacity, the visibility of the posterior capsule was poor without staining. After the extraction of the cataract, a PCCC was performed after ICG staining of the posterior capsule. In the second case, after cataract removal, ICG staining was used to better visualize the posterior capsule. In both cases, the PCCC was successfully completed because of better visualization of the stained posterior capsule flap against the transparent anterior hyaloid face of the vitreous. Clear visual axes have been maintained.
Article: Updates on the surgical management of paediatric cataract with primary intraocular lens implantation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: With the advent of modern surgical techniques, paediatric cataract has become much more manageable. Intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is the standard of care for patients over the age of 2 years. The use of IOL in young infants is still controversial. In addition, there are still unresolved issues, such as the minimum age at which IOL can be safely implanted, IOL power selection and IOL power calculation. The current trends in the management of the above challenges are discussed. Although numerous reports on the prevention and management of posterior capsule opacification have been published, there are ongoing intensive debates and research. Long-term postoperative complications like glaucoma and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment are problems that cannot be overemphasised and these issues are also reviewed.Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 09/2006; 35(8):564-70. · 1.25 Impact Factor
Article: Comparison of dyes for cataract surgery. Part 2: efficacy of capsule staining in a rabbit model.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy of various dyes for anterior capsule staining to facilitate capsulorhexis during cataract surgery. Department of Ophthalmology and Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Various concentrations of indocyanine green (ICG), methylene blue (MB), gentian violet (GV), trypan blue (TB), and fluorescein sodium (FS) were used to stain rabbit lenses in vitro. After 1 minute of exposure, the staining of each lens was evaluated using a semiquantitative scoring system in which 0 represented no staining/no contrast between the capsule and cortex and 4 represented excellent staining/remarkable contrast between the stained capsule and unstained cortex. The lowest concentration of dye with a score of 4 was considered the lowest effective concentration for capsulorhexis. Based on our scoring system, the lowest effective concentrations for capsulorhexis were ICG 0.25%, MB 0.10%, GV 0.01%, TB 0.10%, and FS 1.25%. The lowest effective concentrations of the 5 dyes provided comparable contrast. Increased concentrations of dye decreased contrast between the capsule and the cortex and were considered less effective for capsulorhexis. Any of the following concentrations of dyes can be used for optimal enhancement of anterior capsule visibility for capsulorhexis: ICG 0.25%, MB 0.10%, GV 0.01%, TB 0.10%, and FS 1.25%.Journal of Cataract [?] Refractive Surgery 05/2005; 31(4):799-804. · 2.26 Impact Factor