Enterocutaneous fistulas can result from various conditions. Although some heal spontaneously, others persist or recur. This article describes how using muscle flaps may aid in managing recalcitrant gastrointestinal fistulas. Specific cases are cited.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abdominal wall defects may arise from trauma, infection, and prior abdominal surgeries, such as tumor resections. Although ideally reconstruction should be accomplished as soon as possible to restore the integrity and function of the abdominal wall, it is not always a viable option. A successful reconstruction must take into consideration the local environment of the defect, as well as the global condition of the patient. Therefore, it is imperative that a multidisciplinary team be involved to optimize the patient's care, particularly when a defect is complicated by a wound infection, an abscess, a fistula, or a neoplasm. Our goal in this article is to explore the challenges evoked by each of these special situations, and review the necessary steps for successful management.
Seminars in Plastic Surgery 02/2012; 26(1):8-11. DOI:10.1055/s-0032-1302459
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We introduce a new method for closure of a recalcitrant high-output jejunal enterocutaneous fistula. First, a transposed rectus abdominis muscle is sutured into the fistula opening using a parachuting technique, then the muscle is covered with a skin graft and temporarily immobilized to the fistula wall and abdominal wall with a negative pressure device. This extraperitoneal method provides tension-free closure of the fistula with well-vascularized tissue, without compromising the intestinal lumen. No bowel is resected. This new technique allows for early mobilization and recommencement of enteral nutrition.
Surgery Today 02/2012; 42(7):681-5. DOI:10.1007/s00595-012-0128-6 · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To analyze postoperative outcomes, morbidity, and mortality following enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) takedown. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Retrospective review of the complete medical records of patients who presented to a single tertiary care referral center from December 24, 1987, to June 18, 2010, and subsequently underwent definitive surgical treatment for ECF originating from the stomach, small bowel, colon, or rectum. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Postoperative fistula recurrence and mortality. RESULTS A total of 153 patients received operative intervention for ECF. Most ECFs were referred to us from outside institutions (75.2%), high output (52.3%), originating from the small bowel (88.2%), and iatrogenic in cause (66.7%). Successful ECF closure was ultimately achieved in 128 patients (83.7%). Six patients (3.9%) died within 30 days of surgery, and overall 1-year mortality was 15.0%. Postoperative complications occurred in 134 patients, for an overall morbidity rate of 87.6%. Significant risk factors for fistula recurrence were numerous, but postoperative ventilation for longer than 48 hours, organ space surgical site infection, and blood transfusion within 72 hours of surgery carried the most considerable impact (relative risks, 4.87, 4.07, and 3.91, respectively; P < .05). Risk of 1-year mortality was also associated with multiple risk factors, the most substantial of which were postoperative pulmonary and infectious complications. Closure of abdominal fascia was protective against both recurrent ECF and mortality (relative risks, 0.47 and 0.38, respectively; P < .05). CONCLUSIONS Understanding risk factors both associated with and protective against ECF recurrence and postoperative morbidity and mortality is imperative for appropriate ECF management. Closure of abdominal fascia is of utmost importance, and preventing postoperative complications must be prioritized to optimize patient outcomes.
Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill.: 1960) 10/2012; 148(2):1-9. DOI:10.1001/2013.jamasurg.153 · 4.93 Impact Factor
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