Knowledge of Colon Cancer Screening in a National Probability Sample in the United States

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA.
Journal of Health Communication (Impact Factor: 1.61). 02/2006; 11 Suppl 1(sup001):19-35. DOI: 10.1080/10810730600637533
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined colon cancer screening knowledge and potential covariates (demographic, health, health care, and cancer information seeking) among adults of at least 45 years of age. Data were analyzed from the 2003 National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 2003), a U.S. random-digit dial study. Our sample consisted of 3,131 adults (53.6% female, 77.9% White). The colon cancer screening knowledge questions assessed whether participants had heard of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT; 73.7%), knew the recommended start age (26.1%), knew the frequency of FOBT (39.5%), had heard of flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy (84.3%), knew the start age (39.6%), and knew the frequency with which to test (12.8%). Factors associated with lower knowledge (all equal to p < .05 in a multivariate analysis) included being younger (45 to 49 years old) or older (70 years old or more), African American or non-Hispanic other, unmarried; had lower educational attainment; had not visited a health care provider in the past year; had not previously undergone FOBT; and had never looked for cancer information. This study documents low rates of colon cancer screening knowledge in the general population, and identifies subgroups where health communication interventions are most warranted.

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    • "), health information seeking (Hesse et al., 2006; Rutten, Squiers, & Hesse, 2006; Squiers et al., 2006), cancer prevention behavior and health communication (Ford, Coups, & Hay, 2006; Ling et al., 2006; Shim et al., 2006), perceptions of cancer risk (Ford et al., 2006; Han, Moser, & Klein, 2006; Zajac, Klein, & McCaul, 2006), mediated health communication (Clayman, Manganello, "
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    ABSTRACT: Health communication and health information technology influence the ways in which health care professionals and the public seek, use, and comprehend health information. The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) program was developed to assess the effect of health communication and health information technology on health-related attitudes, knowledge, and behavior. HINTS has fielded 3 national data collections with the fourth (HINTS 4) currently underway. Throughout this time, the Journal of Health Communication has been a dedicated partner in disseminating research based on HINTS data. Thus, the authors thought it the perfect venue to provide an historical overview of the HINTS program and to introduce the most recent HINTS data collection effort. This commentary describes the rationale for and structure of HINTS 4, summarizes the methodological approach applied in Cycle 1 of HINTS 4, describes the timeline for the HINTS 4 data collection, and identifies priorities for research using HINTS 4 data.
    Journal of Health Communication 09/2012; 17(8):979-89. DOI:10.1080/10810730.2012.700998 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines potential predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a U.S. sample of 2,949 individuals aged 45 and older with no colon cancer history. We examined perceived comparative risk for colon cancer as the outcome in ordinal regression analyses, and perceived absolute risk for colon cancer in linear regression analyses. Potential predictors included demographics, current risk behaviors, self-reported health, family and personal cancer history, emotion variables (colon cancer worry, general anxiety, and fear of positive screening findings), general cancer beliefs (causes, lack of preventability, information overload), and cancer information seeking. Those who had poorer self-reported health, a family cancer history, and increased colon cancer worry had higher perceived comparative and absolute colon cancer risk (all ps < .05). Those who were younger, interviewed in Spanish, had increased anxiety, and information overload had higher comparative risk; those with a personal history of cancer and fear that colon cancer screening would result in positive findings had higher absolute risk (all ps < .05). We determined that older individuals, those with risk factors, and those with good subjective health may not realize their colon cancer risk. Those distressed about colon cancer and who report cancer prevention information overload may require different messages.
    Journal of Health Communication 02/2006; 11 Suppl 1(sup001):71-92. DOI:10.1080/10810730600637376 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer risk perceptions are a key predictor of risk-reduction practices, health behaviors, and processing of cancer information. Nevertheless, patients and the general public (as well as health care providers) exhibit a number of errors and biases in the way they think about risk, such that their risk perceptions and decisions deviate greatly from those prescribed by normative decision models and by experts in risk assessment. For example, people are more likely to engage in screening behaviors such as mammography when faced with loss-based messages than gain-framed messages, and they often ignore the base rate of a given disease when assessing their own risk of obtaining this disease. In this article, we review many of the psychological processes that underlie risk perception and discuss how these processes lead to such deviations. Among these processes are difficulties with use of numerical information (innumeracy), cognitive processes (eg, use of time-saving heuristics), motivational factors (eg, loss and regret aversion), and emotion. We conclude with suggestions for future research in the area, as well as implications for improving the elicitation and communication of personal cancer risk.
    CA A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 05/2007; 57(3):147-67. DOI:10.3322/canjclin.57.3.147 · 162.50 Impact Factor
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