Analyses of dose-response in radiotherapy for patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas according to the WHO classification.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to analyze the influence of radiotherapy doses and chemotherapy doses and clinical parameters on in-field disease control in order to assess the optimal radiation doses for treatment of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas according to the newly proposed WHO classification.
Subjects consisted of 62 patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas treated with radiotherapy at four Japanese institutions between 1983 and 2002. We reevaluated all histopathological specimens of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), using the WHO classification. Radiation therapy was usually delivered to the involved field. The majority of patients also received adriamycin-based chemotherapy such as CHOP, modified CHOP, or more intensive chemotherapy.
There were no significant differences in radiosensitivity among subtypes of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, at least between extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, unspecified. There was a radiation dose-response in non-bulky mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, indicating that radiation doses of more than 52 Gy may be required to obtain in-field control. However, it was difficult to obtain local control of bulky T-cell lymphomas, even with high doses of irradiation.
Mature T/NK-cell lymphomas were more radioresistant than B-cell lymphomas such as diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The chemotherapy including adriamycin did not improve the in-field control of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas. These results were obtained by using non-randomized data and the significance of these results is limited by bias in data. However, our results suggest that the treatment strategy which is usually used for DLBCL, that is, a combined modality of CHOP and around 40 Gy of radiotherapy, may not be sufficiently effective for mature T/NK-cell lymphomas.
- Blood 10/1994; 84(5):1361-92. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nasal T-cell lymphoma of the LMG type (LMG-NTL) is characterized by progressive, unrelenting ulceration, and necrosis of the nasal cavity and midline facial tissues. The clinical behavior of this tumor in 16 patients is compared with that of a nasal lymphoma of non-LMG-NTL type (non-LMG-NTL) in 8 patients and a paranasal sinus lymphoma (PSL) in 6 patients. All patients had stage I or II disease. Fourteen of the 16 patients with LMG-NTL received chemotherapy before and/or after radiotherapy. Cause-specific 5-year survival rates for patients with LMG-NTL, non-LMG-NTL, and PSL were 22%, 75%, and 67% respectively. Seven patients with LMG-NTL, had complete response, although 3 recurred, whereas it was incomplete in 9 patients. The data indicates that it is desirable to deliver 50 Gy or more to achieve in-field control of LMG-NTL.Acta Oncologica 02/1997; 36(3):307-11. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Regarding standardization of treatment, classification, and pathophysiology of peripheral T- and NK-cell neoplasias the current knowledge is markedly behind that of B-cell lymphomas, which are approximately 10 times more frequent. In May 2000, the study group 'Peripheral T- and NK-cell Neoplasias' was founded in Frankfurt/M. This group decided on a clinical protocol and a scientific program for research on the pathophysiology of these entities. Rationales for the therapeutic regimen are the efficacy of cyclophosphamide and doxorubicine as shown in protocols for treatment of high grade lymphoma, the synergism of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, and reports demonstrating the efficacy of fludarabine in T-cell neoplasias. Patients will be treated with a combination of fludarabine (30 mg/m(2) days 1-3), cyclophosphamide (1000 mg/m(2) day 1) doxorubicine (25 mg/m(2) day 2+3) (FCD). For patients > or =65 years a dose-reduced FCD regimen will be administered. In patients included in the treatment study and additionally in patients with indolent disease not requiring therapy, scientific projects on the biology of peripheral T- and NK-cell neoplasias will be performed. Expected conclusions of the projected study are the establishment of treatment and diagnostic standards, and improvement of classification of these entities by clinical, morphologic and biologic parameters.Onkologie 05/2001; 24(2):162-4. · 1.00 Impact Factor