This study was conducted to analyze the influence of radiotherapy doses and chemotherapy doses and clinical parameters on in-field disease control in order to assess the optimal radiation doses for treatment of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas according to the newly proposed WHO classification.
Subjects consisted of 62 patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas treated with radiotherapy at four Japanese institutions between 1983 and 2002. We reevaluated all histopathological specimens of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), using the WHO classification. Radiation therapy was usually delivered to the involved field. The majority of patients also received adriamycin-based chemotherapy such as CHOP, modified CHOP, or more intensive chemotherapy.
There were no significant differences in radiosensitivity among subtypes of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, at least between extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, unspecified. There was a radiation dose-response in non-bulky mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, indicating that radiation doses of more than 52 Gy may be required to obtain in-field control. However, it was difficult to obtain local control of bulky T-cell lymphomas, even with high doses of irradiation.
Mature T/NK-cell lymphomas were more radioresistant than B-cell lymphomas such as diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The chemotherapy including adriamycin did not improve the in-field control of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas. These results were obtained by using non-randomized data and the significance of these results is limited by bias in data. However, our results suggest that the treatment strategy which is usually used for DLBCL, that is, a combined modality of CHOP and around 40 Gy of radiotherapy, may not be sufficiently effective for mature T/NK-cell lymphomas.
"Following treatment with DeVIC and CRT, the results showed the complete remission rate to be 83%, which was higher compared to that reported by previous studies on chemotherapy followed by RT. Sakata et al reported that radiation doses >52 Gy may be required to obtain local control in patients with localized nasal NKTCL (21). Koom et al reported that radiation doses <45 Gy were significantly associated with local relapse (12). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The nasal type of extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a rare aggressive lymphoma with poor prognosis. The reported 5-year overall survival for patients with localized nasal NKTCL treated with cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisone (CHOP) is <50%. Dexamethasone, etoposide, ifosfamide and carboplatin (DeVIC) chemotherapy was designed as a salvage chemotherapeutic regimen for aggressive lymphoma, comprising multidrug resistance (MDR) non-related agents and etoposide, which is considered to be effective against nasal NKTCL. An experimental chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is currently being designed using DeVIC as the concurrent chemotherapeutic regimen for nasal NKTCL. The aim of this study was to examine the initial outcome of this treatment and evaluate its effectiveness and feasibility. Six patients (age range, 29-82 years; median age, 68 years) were treated with CRT using DeVIC between April, 2004 and February, 2010. The median follow-up was 56 months (range, 11-80 months). All patients were administered 3-6 cycles of full-dose DeVIC regimen. The chemotherapy was administered concurrently with radiotherapy (RT) and was repeated every 3 weeks. RT was performed using 4-MV X-ray and the prescription dose was 46-50 Gy/23-25 fx (median, 50 Gy). After treatment, all patients were followed up at our hospital. A complete remission was achieved in 5 patients (83%) at 1 month after treatment. The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 100%. No severe adverse effect (grade ≥3) was reported. In conclusion, the initial results of the experimental CRT with DeVIC for this type of aggressive lymphoma were very encouraging. Further investigation is required on concurrent CRT with 50 Gy/25 fx and 3 cycles of DeVIC comprising non-MDR agents and etoposide for nasal NKTCL.
Molecular and Clinical Oncology 07/2013; 1(4):680-684. DOI:10.3892/mco.2013.123
"The outcome of extra-nasal and advanced stage disease is extremely poor [116,136,138]. However, the tumours are usually sensitive to radiation therapy which, when given at relatively high doses , is the mainstay of front-line therapy for localised disease . However, in spite of high rates of initial response following involved-field radiotherapy, up to 50% of those with localised disease will experience relapse, usually within a year of completing first-line therapy [138,141-143]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a highly successful herpesvirus, colonizing more than 90% of the adult human population worldwide, although it is also associated with various malignant diseases. Primary infection is usually clinically silent, and subsequent establishment of latency in the memory B lymphocyte compartment allows persistence of the virus in the infected host for life. EBV is so markedly B-lymphotropic when exposed to human lymphocytes in vitro that the association of EBV with rare but distinct types of T and NK cell lymphoproliferations was quite unexpected. Whilst relatively rare, these EBV-associated T and NK lymphoproliferations can be therapeutically challenging and prognosis for the majority of patients is dismal. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the role of EBV in the pathogenesis of these tumours, and the implications for treatment.
"So, the combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy was used . We previously reported 65 patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas treated with radiotherapy between 1983 and 2002 to analyze the influence of radiotherapy doses and chemotherapy doses and clinical parameters on in-field disease control in order to assess the optimal radiation doses for treatment of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas . There were no significant differences in radiosensitivity among subtypes of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, at least between nasal NK/T cell lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, unspecified. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is an aggressive disease and has a poor prognosis. Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is refractory to conventional chemotherapy and has strong tendency of widespread relapse or dissemination into distant sites.
We immunohistochemically studied nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma to elucidate the unique characteristics of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, such as its higher metastatic tendency and its vast necrosis which leads to destruction of the involved tissues. The expression of P-glycoprotein and MMP-9 was evaluated in the 20 patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and 25 with nasal non-NK/T-cell lymphoma and the relationship between expression of these proteins and clinical results were analyzed in this report.
Overall 5-year survival rates for patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, and nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma were 51%, and 84%. Distant involvement free 5-year survival rates for patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, and nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma were 53%, and 79%. Overall positivity for P-glycoprotein was observed in 10 of 19 patients with NTL and in 13 of 23 patients with non-NTL. When the overall survival rate was compared between patients with P-glycoprotein positive and negative, there was no difference between them. Sixteen of the 19 patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma expressed MMP-9. In contrast, only 8 of the 22 patients with nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma expressed MMP-9. Distant involvement free 5-year survival rates for patients with MMP-9 negative, and MMP-9 positive were 92%, and 61%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.027).
Positive immunoreactivity for P-glycoprotein was not an independent prognostic factor in nasal NK/T-cell lymphomas, which stresses the importance of exploring other mechanisms of drug resistance. The strong expression of MMP-9 is uniquely characteristic of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma and may contribute to its strong tendency to disseminatate and the extensive necrosis which is always seen. However, our results are based on univariate comparisons, and as such, should be viewed with some caution.
BMC Cancer 02/2007; 7(1):229. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-7-229 · 3.36 Impact Factor
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