Analyses of dose-response in radiotherapy for patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas according to the WHO classification.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to analyze the influence of radiotherapy doses and chemotherapy doses and clinical parameters on in-field disease control in order to assess the optimal radiation doses for treatment of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas according to the newly proposed WHO classification.
Subjects consisted of 62 patients with mature T/NK-cell lymphomas treated with radiotherapy at four Japanese institutions between 1983 and 2002. We reevaluated all histopathological specimens of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), using the WHO classification. Radiation therapy was usually delivered to the involved field. The majority of patients also received adriamycin-based chemotherapy such as CHOP, modified CHOP, or more intensive chemotherapy.
There were no significant differences in radiosensitivity among subtypes of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, at least between extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, unspecified. There was a radiation dose-response in non-bulky mature T/NK-cell lymphomas, indicating that radiation doses of more than 52 Gy may be required to obtain in-field control. However, it was difficult to obtain local control of bulky T-cell lymphomas, even with high doses of irradiation.
Mature T/NK-cell lymphomas were more radioresistant than B-cell lymphomas such as diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The chemotherapy including adriamycin did not improve the in-field control of mature T/NK-cell lymphomas. These results were obtained by using non-randomized data and the significance of these results is limited by bias in data. However, our results suggest that the treatment strategy which is usually used for DLBCL, that is, a combined modality of CHOP and around 40 Gy of radiotherapy, may not be sufficiently effective for mature T/NK-cell lymphomas.
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a highly successful herpesvirus, colonizing more than 90% of the adult human population worldwide, although it is also associated with various malignant diseases. Primary infection is usually clinically silent, and subsequent establishment of latency in the memory B lymphocyte compartment allows persistence of the virus in the infected host for life. EBV is so markedly B-lymphotropic when exposed to human lymphocytes in vitro that the association of EBV with rare but distinct types of T and NK cell lymphoproliferations was quite unexpected. Whilst relatively rare, these EBV-associated T and NK lymphoproliferations can be therapeutically challenging and prognosis for the majority of patients is dismal. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the role of EBV in the pathogenesis of these tumours, and the implications for treatment.Herpesviridae. 09/2011; 2:8.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose Extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) nasal type is a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is more commonly seen in Asia and Latin America than in North America or Europe. The purpose of this study was to determine the treatment outcomes with a combined modality approach and if treatment outcomes varied according to ethnicity in patients with ENKTL, nasal type in Toronto, Canada. Methods Patients presenting with ENKTL, nasal type, between 1994 and 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient characteristics, including the patient's ethnic origin, treatment details, and outcomes were recorded and analyzed for significant differences between Asian and Caucasian patients. Results A total of 34 patients were identified - 16 Asian, 16 Caucasian, one Aboriginal and one Hispanic. All patients had nasal cavity involvement. The majority had localized disease: stage I (n=22), stage II (n=6); and stage IV in 6 patients. Combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy was intended for 32 of the 34 patients, with two receiving radiotherapy alone. Median RT dose was 45 Gy (range: 35-50.4 Gy). Response to initial treatment was observed in 44% of patients. Two-year disease free survival was 17.8% (Asian patients: 18.8%, Caucasians: 20%, p=0.82), and overall survival 39.2% (Asian patients: 30%, Caucasians: 42%, p=0.52). Conclusions There were no significant differences in clinical outcomes in terms of patient ethnicity. A combined modality approach (with CHOP chemotherapy administered initially) is of limited effectiveness. We have now adopted the use of radiation therapy as the initial treatment approach, followed by multiagent chemotherapy.Leukemia & lymphoma 03/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The nasal type of extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a rare aggressive lymphoma with poor prognosis. The reported 5-year overall survival for patients with localized nasal NKTCL treated with cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisone (CHOP) is <50%. Dexamethasone, etoposide, ifosfamide and carboplatin (DeVIC) chemotherapy was designed as a salvage chemotherapeutic regimen for aggressive lymphoma, comprising multidrug resistance (MDR) non-related agents and etoposide, which is considered to be effective against nasal NKTCL. An experimental chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is currently being designed using DeVIC as the concurrent chemotherapeutic regimen for nasal NKTCL. The aim of this study was to examine the initial outcome of this treatment and evaluate its effectiveness and feasibility. Six patients (age range, 29-82 years; median age, 68 years) were treated with CRT using DeVIC between April, 2004 and February, 2010. The median follow-up was 56 months (range, 11-80 months). All patients were administered 3-6 cycles of full-dose DeVIC regimen. The chemotherapy was administered concurrently with radiotherapy (RT) and was repeated every 3 weeks. RT was performed using 4-MV X-ray and the prescription dose was 46-50 Gy/23-25 fx (median, 50 Gy). After treatment, all patients were followed up at our hospital. A complete remission was achieved in 5 patients (83%) at 1 month after treatment. The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 100%. No severe adverse effect (grade ≥3) was reported. In conclusion, the initial results of the experimental CRT with DeVIC for this type of aggressive lymphoma were very encouraging. Further investigation is required on concurrent CRT with 50 Gy/25 fx and 3 cycles of DeVIC comprising non-MDR agents and etoposide for nasal NKTCL.Molecular and clinical oncology. 07/2013; 1(4):680-684.