Vascular reactivity and endothelial NOS activity in rat thoracic aorta during and after hyperbaric oxygen exposure.
ABSTRACT Accumulating evidence suggests that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) stimulates neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) activity, but the influence on endothelial NOS (eNOS) activity and vascular NO bioavailability remains unclear. We used a bioassay employing rat aortic rings to evaluate vascular NO bioavailability. HBO exposure to 2.8 atm absolute (ATA) in vitro decreased ACh relaxation. This effect remained unchanged, despite treatment with SOD-polyethylene glycol and catalase-polyethylene glycol, suggesting that the reduction in endothelium-derived NO bioavailability was independent of superoxide production. In vitro HBO induced contraction of resting aortic rings with and without endothelium, and these contractions were reduced by the NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine. In addition, in vitro HBO attenuated the vascular contraction produced by norepinephrine, and this effect was reversed by N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine, but not by endothelial denudation. These findings indicate stimulation of extraendothelial NO production during HBO exposure. A radiochemical assay was used to assess NOS activity in rat aortic endothelial cells. Catalytic activity of eNOS in cell homogenates was not decreased by HBO, and in vivo HBO exposure to 2.8 ATA was without effect on eNOS activity and/or vascular NO bioavailability in vitro. We conclude that HBO reduces endothelium-derived NO bioavailability independent of superoxide production, and this effect seems to be unrelated to a decrease in eNOS catalytic activity. In addition, HBO increases the resting tone of rat aortic rings and attenuates the contractile response to norepinephrine by endothelium-independent mechanisms that involve extraendothelial NO production.
Article: Hyperbaric oxygen, oxidative stress, NO bioavailability and ulcer oxygenation in diabetic patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) increases tissue oxygenation, thus serving as an adjunct therapy for diabetic wounds. However, in some patients there is insufficient increase in tissue O2. To investigate the pathophysiology of insufficient HBO2 and the possible role of N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Prospective, randomized, cross-over trial included 50 diabetic patients with non-healing ulcers. Each patient received two treatments with 100% oxygen/2ATA. NAC was administered i.v. at one of the two treatments. Basal and post-treatment peri-wound transcutaneous O2 (TcPO2) pressure, malondialdehyde (MDA), total anti-oxidant status (TAOS) and nitric oxide (NO) were assessed. An ulcer oxygenation increase above 200 mmHg was accepted as sufficient. During HBO2, 17 patients (34%) demonstrated insufficient increase in TcPO2. Concomitantly, their TAOS and NO decreased, while MDA increased. NAC administration attenuated these parameters, thus improving the HBO2 outcome. In those affected by NAC, the cure rate was 75%. By contrast, in 66% of patients with sufficient increase in TcPO2 TAOS was increased and MDA decreased irrespective of NAC administration. The cure rate in this subgroup was 82%. Insufficient increase of ulcer oxygenation during HBO2 results from exaggerated oxidative stress and decreased NO bioavailability. NAC administration-induced modulation of both parameters and may improve ulcer oxygenation during HBO2.Undersea & hyperbaric medicine: journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc 36(1):1-12. · 0.80 Impact Factor
Plastic and reconstructive surgery 01/2011; 127 Suppl 1:142S-143S. · 2.74 Impact Factor