Inhibition of phosphorylation of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (c-Fms) tyrosine kinase in transfected cells by ABT-869 and other tyrosine kinase inhibitors
ABSTRACT The properties of several multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been studied for their inhibition of colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) signaling. A structurally novel, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (ABT-869), imatinib (STI571), and four compounds currently in clinical development (AG013736, BAY 43-9006, CHIR258, and SU11248) were tested for inhibition of CSF-1R signaling in both the enzymatic and cellular assays. ABT-869 showed potent CSF-1R inhibition in both the enzyme and cell-based assays (IC50s < 20 nmol/L). In contrast to a previous report, we have found that imatinib has activity against human CSF-1R in both assays at submicromolar concentrations. In enzyme assays, we have found that the inhibition of CSF-1R by both ABT-869 and imatinib are competitive with ATP, with Ki values of 3 and 120 nmol/L, respectively. SU11248 is a potent inhibitor of CSF-1R in the enzyme assay (IC50 = 7 nmol/L) and inhibits receptor phosphorylation in the cellular assay (IC50 = 61 nmol/L). AG013736 was also a potent inhibitor of CSF-1R in both assays (enzyme, IC50 = 16 nmol/L; cellular, IC50 = 21 nmol/L), whereas BAY 43-9006 is less potent in the enzyme assay (IC50 = 107 nmol/L) than in the cellular system (IC50 = 20 nmol/L). In contrast, we found that CHIR258 had less activity in the cellular assay (IC50 = 535 nmol/L) relative to its enzymatic potency (IC50 = 26 nmol/L). These results show the use of a cell-based assay to confirm the inhibitory activity of lead compounds and drug candidates, such as ABT-869, against the CSF-1R protein in situ.
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- "ABT-869, a novel ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is active against vascular endothelial growth factor VEGFRs, as well as PDGFR family members (FLT3, c-kit, CSF-1R) and others, but less active against unrelated receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs)  . Cellular assays and tumor xenograft models demonstrated that ABT-869 was effective in a broad range of cancers including small cell lung carcinoma, colon carcinoma, breast carcinoma and MV4-11 tumors in vitro and in vivo  . We have reported that ABT-869 induced significant apoptosis in cells with FLT3 mutation in vitro (IC 50 value of 4 nM) and profound antileukemic effect in a mouse xenograft model . "
ABSTRACT: Neoangiogenesis plays an important role in leukemogenesis. We investigated the in vivo anti-leukemic effect of ABT-869 against AML with wild-type FLT3 using RFP transfected HL60 cells with in vivo imaging technology on both the subcutaneous and systemic leukemia xenograft models. ABT-869 showed a five-fold inhibition of tumor growth in comparison with vehicle control. IHC analysis revealed that ABT-869 decreased p-VEGFR1, Ki-67 labeling index, VEGF and remarkably increased apoptotic cells in the xenograft models. ABT-869 also reduced the leukemia burden and prolonged survival. Our study supports the rationale for clinically testing an anti-angiogenesis agent in AML with wild-type FLT3.Leukemia Research 08/2008; 32(7):1091-100. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2007.11.025 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ABT-869 is a structurally novel, receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that is a potent inhibitor of members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor families (e.g., KDR IC50 = 4 nmol/L) but has much less activity (IC50s > 1 micromol/L) against unrelated RTKs, soluble tyrosine kinases, or serine/threonine kinases. The inhibition profile of ABT-869 is evident in cellular assays of RTK phosphorylation (IC50 = 2, 4, and 7 nmol/L for PDGFR-beta, KDR, and CSF-1R, respectively) and VEGF-stimulated proliferation (IC50 = 0.2 nmol/L for human endothelial cells). ABT-869 is not a general antiproliferative agent because, in most cancer cells, >1,000-fold higher concentrations of ABT-869 are required for inhibition of proliferation. However, ABT-869 exhibits potent antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on cancer cells whose proliferation is dependent on mutant kinases, such as FLT3. In vivo ABT-869 is effective orally in the mechanism-based murine models of VEGF-induced uterine edema (ED50 = 0.5 mg/kg) and corneal angiogenesis (>50% inhibition, 15 mg/kg). In tumor growth studies, ABT-869 exhibits efficacy in human fibrosarcoma and breast, colon, and small cell lung carcinoma xenograft models (ED50 = 1.5-5 mg/kg, twice daily) and is also effective (>50% inhibition) in orthotopic breast and glioma models. Reduction in tumor size and tumor regression was observed in epidermoid carcinoma and leukemia xenograft models, respectively. In combination, ABT-869 produced at least additive effects when given with cytotoxic therapies. Based on pharmacokinetic analysis from tumor growth studies, efficacy correlated more strongly with time over a threshold value (cellular KDR IC50 corrected for plasma protein binding = 0.08 microg/mL, >or=7 hours) than with plasma area under the curve or Cmax. These results support clinical assessment of ABT-869 as a therapeutic agent for cancer.Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 05/2006; 5(4):995-1006. DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-05-0410 · 6.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Type II diabetes and its associated complications are a major health concern of the developed world. One of the hallmarks of diabetes is insulin resistance, where secreted insulin no longer has any effect on its target tissues, namely, liver, muscle, and fat. An important therapeutic strategy is to modulate blood glucose levels using pharmacological agents. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in regulating glucose metabolism. It is a key negative regulator of insulin action and is an important contributing factor to insulin resistance in liver, muscle, and adipose tissue. We describe the development of a cell-based assay designed to measure glucose production in rat hepatoma cell line H4IIE liver cells in response to treatment with small molecule inhibitors, including GSK3 inhibitors. The assay is set up in a 96-well format, and glucose production is assessed using a convenient fluorescence-based readout. This disease-relevant cellular assay is a valuable tool for the progression of small molecules that modulate glucose production.Assay and Drug Development Technologies 11/2006; 4(5):525-33. DOI:10.1089/adt.2006.4.525 · 2.08 Impact Factor