Convenient structural analysis of glycosphingolipids using MALDI-QIT-TOF mass spectrometry with increased laser power and cooling gas flow.
ABSTRACT Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization quadrupole ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-QIT-TOF MS) was applied to the structural characterization of neutral glycosphingolipids. Lithium adduct ions of glycosphingolipids were analyzed using MALDI-QIT-TOF MS under strong conditions of increased laser power and cooling gas flow. The relative intensities of fragment ions were increased under the strong conditions, and the resulting spectra revealed the presence of oligosaccharide ions fragmented from the glycosphingolipids. Consequently, the oligosaccharide sequences of the glycosphingolipids were readily obtained. To obtain more detailed structural information, MS/MS (MS2) and MS/MS/MS (MS3) analyses were performed with selection of the lactosylceramide and ceramide ions, respectively. The resulting data were sufficient to determine the structures of both the oligosaccharide and the ceramide moiety of each glycosphingolipid. The fragmentation patterns of MS2 and MS3 for Forssman glycolipid under the strong conditions were comparable to those of MS3 and MS4 obtained under standard conditions, respectively. Thus, MALDI-QIT-TOF MS with increased laser power and cooling gas flow is a convenient method for glycosphingolipid analysis.
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ABSTRACT: Mass spectrometry is now an indispensable tool for lipid analysis and is arguably the driving force in the renaissance of lipid research. In its various forms, mass spectrometry is uniquely capable of resolving the extensive compositional and structural diversity of lipids in biological systems. Furthermore, it provides the ability to accurately quantify molecular-level changes in lipid populations associated with changes in metabolism and environment; bringing lipid science to the "omics" age. The recent explosion of mass spectrometry-based surface analysis techniques is fuelling further expansion of the lipidomics field. This is evidenced by the numerous papers published on the subject of mass spectrometric imaging of lipids in recent years. While imaging mass spectrometry provides new and exciting possibilities, it is but one of the many opportunities direct surface analysis offers the lipid researcher. In this review we describe the current state-of-the-art in the direct surface analysis of lipids with a focus on tissue sections, intact cells and thin-layer chromatography substrates. The suitability of these different approaches towards analysis of the major lipid classes along with their current and potential applications in the field of lipid analysis are evaluated.Progress in lipid research 04/2013; · 10.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Four types of neutral glycosphingolipids (LacCer, Gb3Cer, Gb4Cer, and IV3αGalNAc-Gb4Cer; 10 pmol each) were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-electrospray ionization quadrupole ion trap time-of-flight (ESI-QIT-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) with a repeated high-speed polarity and MSn switching system. This system can provide six types of mass spectra, including positive and negative ion MS, MS2, and MS3 spectra, within 1 s per cycle. Using HPLC with a normal-phase column, information on the molecular weights of major molecular species of four neutral glycosphingolipids was obtained by detecting [M+Na]+ in the positive ion mode mass spectra and [M−H]− in the negative ion mode mass spectra. Sequences of glycosphingolipid oligosaccharide were obtained in the negative ion MS2 spectra. In addition, information on the ceramide structures was clearly obtained in the negative ion MS3 mass spectra. GlcCer molecular species were analyzed by HPLC-ESI-QIT-TOF MS with a reversed-phase column using 1 pmole of GlcCer. The structures of the seven molecular species of GlcCer, namely, d18:1-C16:0, d18:1-C18:0, d18:1-C20:0, d18:1-C22:0, d18:1-C23:0, d18:1-C24:1, and d18:1-C24:0, were characterized using positive ion MS and negative ion MS, MS2, and MS3. The established HPLC-ESI-QIT-TOF MS with MSn switching and a normal phase column has been successfully applied to the structural characterization of LacCer and Gb4Cer in a crude mixture prepared from human erythrocytes.Glycoconjugate Journal 12/2013; 30(9). · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) are a class of ubiquitous lipids characterized by a wide structural repertoire and a variety of functional implications. Importantly, altered levels have been correlated with different diseases, suggesting their crucial role in health. Conventional methods for the characterization and quantification are based on HPTLC separation and comparison with the migration distance of standard samples or on mass spectrometry. We set up and herein report the application of an ImagePrep method for glycosphingolipids qualitative and quantitative profiling through direct HPTLC-MALDI with particular application to wild-type and NEU3- overexpressing C2C12 myoblasts. Lipids were analysed by HPTLC, coupled with MALDI-TOF and the resulting GSLs profiles were compared to the [(3) H]sphingolipids HPTLC pattern obtained after metabolic radiolabelling. GSLs detection by HPTLC-MALDI was optimized by testing different methods for matrix delivery and by performing quantitative analyses using serial dilutions of GSLs standards. Through this approach an accurate analysis of each variant of neutral and acidic GSLs, including the detection of different fatty-acid chain variants for each GSL, was provided and these results demonstrate that HPTLC-MALDI is an easy and high-throughput analytical method for GSLs profiling suggesting its use for an early detection of markers in different diseases, including cancer and heart ischemia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Electrophoresis 12/2013; · 3.26 Impact Factor