Platelets enhance CD4+ lymphocyte adhesion to extracellular matrix under flow conditions: role of platelet aggregation, integrins, and non-integrin receptors.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the role of platelets in CD4+ T lymphocyte adhesion to subendothelial extracellular matrix (ECM). Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS)-infected CD4+ T cells were incubated on ECM. An image analysis was used to evaluate T cell adhesion. Under static condition, T cell activation with 4-alpha-Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) resulted in a 2.6-fold increase in cell adhesion. However, adhesion was not affected by platelets. In contrast, under flow (200s(-1)), platelets markedly enhanced both resting and PMA-activated T cell adhesion (33- and 48-fold), forming lymphocyte-platelet co-aggregates that contain approximately 90% of the adherent T cells. Abrogation of platelet aggregation with tirofiban inhibited formation of platelet-T cell co-aggregates under flow and reduced T cell adhesion by 74%. Separate and combined blockade of CD40L and P-selectin glycoprotein-1 (PSGL-1) on PMA-activated lymphocytes reduced adhesion under flow in the presence of platelets by 28%, 33%, and 55%, respectively. Blockade of beta1-integrins decreased adhesion under both static and flow conditions (by 35% and 44%, respectively), while blockade of beta2-integrin reduced adhesion only under static condition (by 23%). A similar adhesion pattern was observed using CD4+ T cells isolated from normal donor peripheral blood. In conclusion, platelets support CD4+ lymphocyte adhesion to ECM under flow by formation of heterotypic platelet-lymphocyte coaggregates involving alphaIIbbeta3 integrin and beta1-related integrins, as well as CD40L and PSGL-1.
- SourceAvailable from: Thalia Papayannopoulou[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Leukocyte recruitment to inflammatory sites is a prominent feature of acute and chronic inflammation. Instrumental in this process is the coordinated upregulation of leukocyte integrins (among which alpha4beta1 and beta2 integrins are major players) and their cognate receptors in inflamed tissues. To avoid the ambiguity of previous short-term antibody-based studies and to allow for long-term observation, we used genetically deficient mice to compare roles of alpha4 and beta2 integrins in leukocyte trafficking. Aseptic peritonitis was induced in alpha4 or beta2 integrin-deficient (conditional and conventional knockouts, respectively) and control mice, and recruitment of major leukocyte subsets to the inflamed peritoneum was followed for up to 4 days. Despite normal chemokine levels in the peritoneum and adequate numbers, optimal recruitment of myeloid cells was impaired in both alpha4- and beta2-deficient mice. Furthermore, clearance of recruited neutrophils and macrophages was delayed in these mice. Lymphocyte migration to the peritoneum in the absence of alpha4 integrins was drastically decreased, both at steady state and during inflammation, a finding consistent with impaired lymphocyte in vitro adhesion and signaling. By contrast, in the absence of beta2 integrins, defects in lymphocyte recruitment were only evident when peritonitis was established. Our data with concurrent use of genetic models of integrin deficiency reveal nonredundant functions of alpha4 integrins in lymphocyte migration to the peritoneum and further refine specific roles of alpha4 and beta2 integrins concerning trafficking and clearance of other leukocyte subsets at homeostasis and during inflammation.Experimental Hematology 09/2007; 35(8):1256-65. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of platelets in T-lymphocytes adhesion is not clear yet. Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS)-infected CD4(+) T-lymphocytes were placed into polystyrene plates pre-coated with fibronectin. The adherent T-cells were enumerated by image analysis. Under static condition, 38+/-10cells/mm(2) adhered and addition of gel-filtered platelets (GFP) and PMA enhanced cell adhesion 4.3- and 4.1-fold. Using PMA plus GFP 11.9-fold enhancement in cell adhesion was achieved. In contrast, under flow (200s(-1)), neither basal adhesion nor following separate addition of PMA or GFP was observed, whereas combined addition of PMA and GFP induced noticeable adhesion (34cells/mm(2)). The adhesion was inhibited by blockade of alpha(5)-integrin (CD49e, 87%), beta(2)-integrin (CD18, 78%), CD40L (60%), PSGL-1 (CD162, 60%), and CD40L plus PSGL-1 (83%). Thus, activated platelets promote activated T-cell adhesion to fibronectin under flow via integrins (alpha(5)beta(1), and alpha(L)beta(2)), CD40-CD40L and P-selectin-PSGL-1 mediated interactions.Cellular Immunology 08/2006; 242(1):52-9. · 1.74 Impact Factor